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SUPERVISOR SAFETY REFRESHER. Training and Education Command Building 2300 MCB Quantico VA Phone 703-432-2228. Continue a more conscious awareness and interest in mishap prevention Continue to remind you of your responsibilities mandated by law and directives

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SUPERVISOR SAFETY

REFRESHER

Training and Education Command

Building 2300 MCB Quantico VA

Phone 703-432-2228


Continue a more conscious awareness

and interest in mishap prevention

Continue to remind you of yourresponsibilitiesmandated by law and directives

Review required procedures and programs to fulfill your responsibilities and resolve applicable issues

OBJECTIVES


Public law 91 596
PUBLIC LAW 91-596

WILLIAMS-STEIGER ACT OF 1970

Requires a safe and healthful working environment

Requires employers and employees to follow safety procedures


Safety directives orders
Safety Directives & Orders

  • Public Law 91-596

  • Executive Order 12196 of 1980

  • DOD Instruction 6055.1

  • NAVMC Dir 5100.8

  • Marine Corps Order 5100.29A W/CH1

  • Marine Corps Base Order P5100.1C


Safety directives orders1
Safety Directives & Orders

  • Public Law 91-596

  • Executive Order 12196 of 1980

  • DOD Instruction 6055.1

  • NAVMC Dir 5100.8

  • Marine Corps Order 5100.29A W/CH1

  • Marine Corps Base Order P5100.1C


SAFETY INSPECTIONS (NAVMC 5100.8, MCBO P5100.1C)

Qualified Inspector Accompanied with Employee Rep.

Provide In/Out Brief

Imminent Danger

Written Report

Follow-Up

Annually

High Hazard Unannounced

Daily Supervisor

Monthly USR/CDSOContinuous Employees


Supervisor’s Responsibilities

  • Investigate & report

    mishaps

  • Correct unsafe / unhealthful conditions

  • Provide personal protective equipment

  • Ensure personnel are

    medically evaluated

  • Review Command

    Industrial Hygiene

    Survey

  • Know the prerequisites

    of the job

  • Conduct a job hazard analysis

  • Review the precautions

  • Conduct day to day

    inspections

  • Acknowledge safety behavior

  • Train personnel

  • Document training


Provide Training:

  • New employees/INDOC (Initially)

  • Annually

  • New processes

  • Updated procedures

  • Employee poor work practices

  • Non-routine tasks

  • Periodic Safety Topics

  • After an injury (back etc.)


Training Should Include:

  • Sight and Hearing

  • Personal Protective Equipment

  • Lead, Cadmium

  • Asbestos Awareness

  • Hazard Communication

  • Lockout Tagout

  • Ergo / Back Injury Prevention

  • Periodic Safety Topics


Employee Responsibility

  • Comply with Safety standards

  • Attend required safety training

  • Report observed workplace hazards

  • Knowledge/awareness of hazards recognized in commands industrial Hygiene survey

  • Immediately report to his/her supervisor :

    Injuries, occupational illnesses or property

    damage resulting from a mishap

    Any “near miss” occurrence


Employee Rights

  • Informed of OSH hazards

  • Trained in safe & healthful work practices

  • Protected from dangerous occupational situations

    that could cause harm

  • Protected from discrimination as a result of filing a notice of unsafe or unhealthful conditions report

  • Informed about hazardous materials


Ways to Report Unsafe/Unhealthful Working Conditions

  • Employees oral report to supervisor

  • Safety Representative

  • Quantico MCB Safety Division

  • Quantico MCB CO

  • Anonymous

  • Form NAVMC 11401 (Unsafe/Unhealthful Working Conditions)


Employee Report of Unsafe or Unhealthful Working Conditions

(NAVMC 11401)

  • Must be posted on official bulletin board.

  • Employees submit to Safety office - may be anonymous

  • Safety Office logs

  • Acknowledge receipt to originator

  • Discuss seriousness

  • Notify supervisor

  • Investigate

  • Respond by written report within 10 days

  • RETAIN RECORDS FOR 5 YEARS


What is a Mishap?

  • Any unplanned or unexpected event causing:

  • Injury to USMC military personnel on or off duty

  • Injury to on-duty USMC civilian personnel

  • Injury to non-USMC personnel as a result of Marine Corps operations

  • Occupational illness to USMC personnel

  • Death

  • Government Material loss or property damage

  • An explosion of any kind whether damage occurs or not


Investigate a Mishap

  • Ask the following questions:

  • Who ?

  • What?

  • When?

  • Where?

  • Why?

  • Investigate and determine the root cause

  • How!


Factors that Cause Mishaps

  • Unreported safety hazards

  • Not using proper personal protective equipment (PPE)

  • Not paying attention

  • Fatigue

  • In a hurry

  • Horseplay

  • Anger

  • Defective equipment


Preventing Mishaps

  • Attitude

  • Communication

  • Training

  • Compliance

  • Inspections

  • Investigation

  • Proper Maintenance



How to get employees back to work
How to Get Employees Back to Work

Job Engineering

Light Duty

Retrain

Find Jobs in Other Areas

Change attitude of Supervisors toward injured employees


Mishap reporting requirement for civilians
MISHAP REPORTING REQUIREMENT FOR CIVILIANS

Form CA-1 or LS-202 must be completed by the supervisor for every mishap (lost time or no lost time)

Civilian employees should go to military medical facility before seeking private physician care

Except in an emergency Call 911


Industrial Hygiene Survey (IHS)

  • Task analysis

  • Engineering controls

  • Administrative controls

  • PPE requirements

  • Chemical identification

  • Indoor Air Quality

  • Ventilation

  • Lighting

  • Exposure levels

  • Reproductive hazards

Old way to conduct IH Survey


Personal Protective Equipment

  • Found in IH Survey

  • Indicates what type PPE must be worn

  • Post in work center

  • PPE training annually


Purpose of Hazcom Program

  • Reduce hazardous material usage

  • Reduce hazards in the workplace

  • Reduce hazardous waste

  • Protect the environment

  • Provide significant cost savings to the Marine Corps

  • Comply with Federal, State, and Marine Corps safety and health regulations


AUTHORIZED USE LIST (AUL)

  • “Employers shall develop a list of the hazardous chemicals known to be present....”

    • 29 CFR 1910.1200 (e)(i)

Ensure all MSDS’s are approved through NREA prior to purchase of hazardous material


Common office hazards
Common Office Hazards

  • Slips, Trips, & Falls

  • Workstation Design

  • Housekeeping

  • Noise

  • Ventilation

  • Fire Hazards

  • Exits & Egress

  • Electrical

  • Heaters & Fans

  • Lifting

  • Faulty Equipment


Preventing office hazards
Preventing Office Hazards

Emergency Evacuation Plan:

- Procedures for emergency escape

- Account for all personnel after evacuation

Fans:

- Fan guard with openings no larger than ½ inch

- Position fans to avoid hands or clothing from being caught

- Check cords and plugs

Heaters:

- Must have tip over switches

- Must be plugged into a wall outlet


Preventing office hazards cont d
Preventing Office Hazards (cont’d)

Housekeeping:

- Tape cords in travel areas

- stack boxes neatly and at an acceptable level

- Maintain at least 3 feet distance between desks

- Maintain 28 inches of egress from each employee’s work area

Exits:

- Don’t block the exit or aisles

- Make sure exits are labeled

- Check emergency lighting


Ergonomics Training

  • Supervisor’s Training shall include:

  • Categories of Workplace Disorders

  • Indicators and symptoms for WMSDs

  • Risk Factors that contribute to WMSDs

  • How to use the 3 controls to minimize WMSDs

    1st Engineering Controls

    2nd Administrative Controls

    3rd Personal Protective Equipment

  • How to conduct a work center analysis


What Is Ergonomics?

  • Ergonomics is derived from two Greek words

  • Ergon meaning = Work

  • Nomos meaning = Principles or Laws

  • Ergonomics = The Science of Work

  • Ergonomics is not new. The phrase was first coined in 1857 by the Polish scholar, philosopher and naturalist Wojciech Jastrzebowski


Common definitions
Common Definitions:

Ergonomics is essentially fitting the workplace to

the worker Fitting the Task to the Human ~ Grandjean 1990

Ergonomics is the science of fitting the job to the worker ~

JJ Killer and Associates OSHA Compliance Manual

The better the fit the higher the level of safety and worker efficiency


Historic occupational disorders

Housemaid’s knee

Writer’s cramp

Washer woman’s sprain

Clergyman’s knee

Tailor’s ankle

Weaver’s bottom

Dustman’s shoulder

Historic Occupational Disorders


Categories
Categories

Broad category of injuries and disorders called

MusculoSkeletal Disorders (MSDs)

MSDs are not caused by acute trauma

Occur slowly over time

Repeated trauma to the soft tissues

Muscles

Tendons

Ligaments

Joints

Nervous system

MSDs can happen to anyone from office workers and industrial employees to athletes and hobbyists


Work related musculoskeletal disorders wmsds
Work-related Musculoskeletal Disorders (WMSDs)

WMSDs are MSDs that are caused or made worse by work methods and environment.

They occur when the physical capabilities of the worker do not match the physical requirements of the job.

Common WMSDs:

Tendonitis, Epicondylitis (Tennis or Golfer’s Elbow),

Bursitis, Trigger Finger, Raynaud's Syndrome,

Carpal Tunnel Syndrome, and Back Strain


Wmsds go by many other names
WMSDs Go By Many Other Names:

Repetitive Strain or Stress Injury (RSI)

Repetitive Motion Injury (RMI)

Cumulative Trauma Disorder (CTD)

Overuse Syndrome

Activity-related Pain Syndrome

Ergonomics can help prevent WMSDs that are caused or irritated by working conditions


Engineering techniques
Engineering Techniques

Engineering techniques are the preferred mechanism

for controlling ergonomic hazards

This may entail redesigning the work station

Incorporating ergonomic tools to reduce the demands of the job

such as exertion, repetition, and awkward positions


Administrative controls
Administrative Controls

Controls such as:

Rotating employees to jobs with dissimilar physical requirements

Establishing work/rest schedules

Training employees to use appropriate work methods when engineering controls are not feasible


Job Hazard Analysis (JHA)

The Job Hazard Analysis identifies safety hazards in the workplace.

It breaks each job into process steps making it easier to identify and eliminate hazards.


Who should perform a jha
Who Should Perform a JHA?

The JHA should be completed by someone who is familiar with and knowledgeable of the process.

The person should be knowledgeable, but objective. People who work frequently on the task tend to get comfortable, and can overlook hazards others would spot.


Step 1 observe the job
Step 1Observe the Job

Observe employees in the regular performance of the job.

Videos, photos, notes, and sketches are good tools for recording observations.

It is important that the observer is completely independent of the work. Ensure that the employee know the purpose of the observer, and the don’t change any of their usual work practices.


Step 2 break job into steps
Step 2 Break Job Into Steps

  • Each job should be broken down into individual steps.

  • Make sure that each operation has its own step.

  • Should be written in simple terms that anyone could understand.


Step 3 describe the hazards
Step 3 Describe the Hazards

  • Describe the hazards in each process step.

  • What could go wrong? What could happen during this step?

  • Don’t forget less thought of hazards, such as over-exertion and ergonomics.


Step 4

Identify Control Measures

  • Identify the control measures for each step in the hazard analysis.

  • Use the Hierarchy of Controls when evaluating options for hazard control.

  • Sometimes the best way to eliminate a hazard in a job step is to change or eliminate that job step.

Engineering out the hazard or changing the process is always preferable. PPE should be a last resort, used if the hazards could not be removed.


Step 5

Review and Implement

  • Once the JHA is completed, it should be reviewed by someone with authority to implement changes.

  • Assessors should follow up to make sure that their recommendations have been acted upon.

  • The JHA’s should be logged and filed for future reference.


REVIEW

  • Supervisors Responsibilities for Providing Safe and Healthful Work Places

  • Training (employees)

  • Standards

  • Accountability/Employees Responsibilities

  • Inspections

  • Hazard Reporting

  • Mishap Investigation and Reporting



Questions
Questions

Remember – Annual Refresher


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