Danish Resistance. By: Loryn Kimble.
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By: Loryn Kimble
Denmark was not officially at war with the Nazi’s, as the Danish government had not declared war on Germany. The Danes and their king, Christian X, had made a protest. But later agreed to a decision that gave Denmark \'independence\' while having German soldiers occupying the country.
The sea route allowed the Danish Resistance to get 7,000 of Denmark’s 8,000 Jews out of the country to Sweden. Because of this, Denmark had one of the lowest casualty rates for Jews in the war.
Up to 1943, the Germans in Denmark had an easy time. But because of sabotage within the Danish, the Germans attitude got worse over time. This behavior was a cycle. The arrest of resistance suspects usually led to strikes. Which led to more arrests for civil disobedience, which caused more strikes.
By August 1943, the situation had become so bad, that the Germans sent the Danish government an ultimatum - they were to declare a state of emergency and they were to condemn to death all captured saboteurs. The government refused to do this and resigned. The Germans responded by formally seizing power and, legally, Denmark became an "occupied country".
In September 1943, the \'Danish Freedom Council\' was created. This attempted to unify the many different groups that made up the Danish resistance movement. The resistance movement grew to over 20,000. Which lead to an increase in sabotage. Therefore, the more acts of sabotage in Denmark, the more German troops would be sent there.
In 1942-43, resistance operations gradually shifted to more violent action. Various groups succeeded in making contacts with the SOE which began making airdrops of supplies. The number of drops were slow until August 1944, but increased in the last part of the war.