Geography of georgia
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Geography of Georgia. Geography Defined:. Studying Earth as home of humans Must have earth and humans or some other science involved. Take notes with your map out. location. Northern/Western hemispheres North of Equator/ West of Prime Meridian North America Southeastern United States .

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Geography defined
Geography Defined:

  • Studying Earth as home of humans

  • Must have earth and humans or some other science involved.

  • Take notes with your map out.


  • Northern/Western hemispheres

  • North of Equator/ West of Prime Meridian

  • North America

  • Southeastern United States

Appalachian plateau
Appalachian plateau

  • Located in TAG corner, extreme NW corner

  • Often called Cumberland Plateau

  • Made up of plateau formations, canyons, limestone caves

  • Main feature: Lookout Mountain and Cloudland Canyon

  • Hardwood forest/pastures

  • Only source of coal (mining)

  • Chickamauga Battlefield located here

Ridge and valley
Ridge and valley

  • Located in Northwestern area of state

  • Topography dominated by high ridge lines separating a series of valleys

  • Economic activity is somewhat diverse: forests, pastures, farmland, apple orchards

  • Dalton known as “carpet capital of the world”

  • Large textile industry particularly hard hit during current economic downturn.

Blue ridge
Blue ridge

  • Located in extreme NE Georgia

  • Most mountainous terrain in state

  • Brasstown Bald (about 5,000 ft. elevation)

  • Agriculture dominated by hardwood forests, vegetable farming and apple orchards

  • Appalachian Trail begins here – runs to Maine

  • Scenic beauty includes Brasstown Bald, Amicalola Falls, Tallulah Gorge

  • Alpine village of Helen (tourism)

  • Important cities: Dahlonega – home of America’s first gold rush

  • Receives most rain annually.

Piedmont plateau
Piedmont Plateau

  • Location: begins in mountain foothills and goes to Fall Line (“piedmont” means at the foot of the mountains)

  • Geography is rolling hills and plains

  • Suitable for various types of agriculture including commercial farming

  • Granite bedrock formation runs all the way to Delaware (Stone Mountain)

  • Contains ½ of state’s population including Atlanta metro area – most populous

Coastal plain
Coastal plain

  • State’s largest regions (about 60%)

  • In prehistoric times was underwater.

  • Has an inner and outer part.

  • Inner coastal in major agricultural region in state of Georgia (peanuts, Vidalia onions, peaches, pecans)

  • Outer coastal plain has sandy soil (naval stores and pulp from pine trees)

  • Pulp and paper production

  • Okefenokee Swamp located here: largest freshwater wetland in U.S.

  • Savannah – oldest city

Barrier island
Barrier Island

  • Located off Georgia’s coastal shoreline

  • Called “sea islands” or Golden Isles”

  • 14 islands

  • Act as a “buffer” in protecting GA’s beaches from storm erosion

  • Significant tourism in parks and wilderness sanctuaries

  • Protect/form Intracoastal Waterway

Fall line
Fall line

  • Natural boundary that separates Piedmont from Coastal Plain

  • Elevation of land drops significantly

  • Water drops and speeds up creating good sources of power

  • Numerous settlements on Fall Line (Columbus, Macon, Augusta)

  • Shoreline of prehistoric sea.

Okefenokee swamp
Okefenokee Swamp

  • Swamp/wetland located in outer coastal plain in extreme southern part of state

  • Largest freshwater wetland in U.S.

  • Home to diverse population of wildlife

  • Federal/national park

  • Indian name meaning “land of trembling earth”

Chattahoochee river
Chattahoochee River

  • Runs south through Atlanta and forms part of southern border with Alabama

Savannah river
Savannah River

  • Forms border between South Carolina and Georgia.

  • Important commercial waterway.

  • Entry to port of Savannah

  • First permanent settlement (1733) at mouth of river.

Deepwater ports
Deepwater ports

  • Savannah and Brunswick

  • Brunswick – construction port during WWII building Liberty Ships

  • Two inland barge terminals: Bainbridge and Columbus

  • Economic impact: about 2 billion dollars per year.

  • More than 80,000 jobs

  • Over 90 steamships lines serve Georgia

  • Serviced by two interstates (95 and 16) and a railroad hub

  • 5th busiest port in the nation

  • Large amounts of imports flow through these ports

  • Supports idea of world market/provides us with access to international markets

Interstate highways
Interstate highways

  • Facilitates flow of goods and services

  • Commuter traffic

  • Atlanta, interstate hub, serviced by I-20, I-75, and I-85

Hartsfield jackson international airport
Hartsfield-jackson international airport

  • One of the busiest airports in the world

  • One of the largest employer in the state

  • Connects state with rest of the world

  • Named for William Hartsfield and Maynard Jackson


  • Atlanta developed as result of railroad -First city not developed along a waterway (Terminus).

  • Important to state’s economy today moving goods in and out of state.

  • Dominated by CSX and Norfolk Southern


  • 1. Write 3-5 sentence paragraph s summarizing the following:

  • A. The regions and physical features of Georgia.

  • B. The four transportation systems that comprise Georgia’s transportation infrastructure.