Poetry
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Poetry. Music to my Ears. What is poetry?. The dictionary states that poetry is the art of rhythmical composition, written or spoken, for pleasure by beautiful, imaginative, or elevated thoughts. What do you think of when you think of poetry?. Types of poetry.

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Poetry

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Poetry

Poetry

Music to my Ears


What is poetry

What is poetry?

  • The dictionary states that poetry is the art of rhythmical composition, written or spoken, for pleasure by beautiful, imaginative, or elevated thoughts.

  • What do you think of when you think of poetry?


Types of poetry

Types of poetry

  • Some poems are written in couplets.

    • Couplets are poems written in two lines that rhyme.


Stanzas and rhyme scheme

Stanzas and rhyme scheme

  • Some poems are written using stanzas.

    • A stanza is an arrangement of a certain number of lines, usually four or more, sometimes having a fixed rhyme scheme.

    • Rhyme scheme is the pattern of rhyming found in the stanza of a poem.

    • Examples:

      • AABB – The first two lines rhyme and the second two lines rhyme

      • ABAB – the first and third lines rhyme and the second an

        fourth lines rhyme.

      • Can you think of other rhyme schemes?


Elements of poetry

Elements of poetry

  • We will look at different elements of poetry during this unit.

  • There are seven elements of poetry…

    • Imagery

    • Similes

    • Metaphors

    • Personification

    • Hyperbole

    • Alliteration

    • Onomatopoeia


Imagery

imagery

  • Poems that use imagery appeal to the reader’s senses.

  • The author appeals to the reader’s senses by helping the reader to imagine really seeing, hearing, tasting, touching, or smelling the object being described.


Similes and metaphors

Similes and Metaphors

  • A simile is a type of figurative language that uses like or as to compare unlike things.

  • Can you think of an example?

  • A metaphor is a type of figurative language that does not use like or as to compare unlike things.

  • Can you think of an example?


Examples

Examples

  • What one of these sounds better?

    • You are pretty.

    • You are as pretty as a flower blooming in Spring.

  • Which one of these sounds better?

    • You are pretty.

    • You are a rose blooming in Spring.

  • Which one is a simile? Which one is a metaphor?


Examples1

examples

  • Let’s take a look at some similes in a place that you might not expect to hear them.

    • http://www.cleanvideosearch.com/media/action/yt/watch?videoId=sWDSxmMo9Z0

  • Here is a look at some more examples.

    • http://www.cleanvideosearch.com/media/action/yt/watch?v=zNFeAgUzpEQ


Personification

Personification

  • Personification is giving human qualities to non-human things.

    • Example: My pencil danced across the page as I wrote.

      • Can a pencil really dance?


Hyperbole

hyperbole

  • A hyperbole is an extreme exaggerationused to make a point.

    • Example: The man reached out and touched the sky.


Sound device alliteration

Sound device: Alliteration

  • Alliteration is using a repeated beginning sound.

  • Example:

    • Sally sold seashells by the seashore.


Sound device onomatopoeia

Sound device: Onomatopoeia

  • Onomatopoeia are words that imitate natural sounds.

    • Examples:

      • The car went zoom.

      • Buzzzzz was the sound heard in the meadow.


Figure of speech idioms

Figure of speech: idioms

  • In addition to the elements of poetry, authors may use figures of speech to help express themselves.

  • Idiom

    • An idiom is a phrase or saying whose meaning is not the same as the words spoken.

    • What do the following idioms mean?

      • Between a rock and a hard place

      • Blow your top

      • By the skin of your teeth

      • Get your wires crossed


Theme

Theme

  • Theme is the main idea of a poem and/or the author’s feeling about it.

  • Possible Themes…

    • Family

    • Friendship

    • Camping

    • Food

  • Possible Themes continued…

    • Holidays

    • Insects

    • Animals

    • Youth

    • Seasons

    • School

    • Siblings


Theme1

Theme

  • Can you think of other themes?

  • Let’s look at some examples of poems and determine their theme.


Theme poems

Theme Poems

  • Hug o’ WarBy: Shel SilversteinI will not play at tug o'warI'd rather play at hug o'warWhere everyone hugsInstead of tugsWhere everyone gigglesAnd rolls on the rugWhere everyone kissesAnd everyone grinsAnd everyone cuddlesAnd everyone wins.

  • My FriendBy: Jane S. ZionMy friend is nice.We like to playWe play together every day.We laugh and cryAnd laugh againBecause, you see, we'reFriendsFriendsFriends!


Theme poems1

Theme poems

  • Fog

  • The fog comes on little cat feet.

  • It sits lookingover harbor and city on silent haunches and then moves on.

  • ~Carl Sandburg

  • Who Has Seen the Wind?by Christina RossettiWho has seen the wind? Neither I nor you: But when the leaves hangtrembling, the wind is passing through.Who has seen the wind? Neither you nor I: but when the trees bow down theirheads, the wind is passing by.


Theme2

Theme

  • You are going to write a poem using any elements of poetry we have studied. You must develop a theme within your poem. Remember, you don’t state your theme.

  • Look at the following app or website. They are the same. Pick a theme that will fit in the shapes given and you will create your poem using the app.

  • App – Theme Poems

  • Website - http://www.readwritethink.org/files/resources/interactives/theme_poems/


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