Czestochowa. ”École - Patrimoine - Esprit Initiative Touristique - Europe”Nr. 11-PM-243-DJ-IT “ TRAIAN VUIA” HIGH SCHOOL- CRAIOVA This project has been funded with support from the European Commission.
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”École - Patrimoine - Esprit Initiative Touristique - Europe”Nr. 11-PM-243-DJ-IT
“TRAIAN VUIA” HIGH SCHOOL- CRAIOVA
This project has been funded with support from the European Commission.
This publication [communication] reflects the views only of the author, and the Commission cannot be held responsible for any use which may be made of the information contained therein.
Czestochowais a city placed in the South of Poland, 140 km away from Cracovia, on Warta River. Czestochowa is a southern city placed in the Voivodeship of Silezia.It's popular in the entire world for its church, the one from Jasna Gora, where you can find the amazing picture of the Virgin from Czestochowa , icon known as "Black Madonna".
Czestochowa has a railway station of Polish railways
and a small airport( Aita code: CZW)
Another option to get to Czestochowa is the airport from Katowice, located at 63 km N-E, the airport from Cracovia( 94,5 km away) or the airport from Lodz(102,9 km away ).
The urban way of transport is the tram.
The traditional dishes are: beet soup, cabbage rolls( slices of cabbage filled with meat and rice) and pierogi( ravioli filled with cabbage and mushrooms).
There are 80 different kinds in Poland. Producers like State distillery from Lancut focus on quality. State's monopoly is owned by a hand of producers: Biala Dama in LAncut, Zubrowka in Bialowieza.
If you are a guest at Polish people, it's good to drink the first glass at a gulp. If it's too strong you should eat a cucumber after every gulp. It has to calm down the power of the alohool. There is also the grass of the aurochs vodka, Zubrowka, produced in the East of Warsaw, in Bialowieza wood.Let's mention the Wisent vodka, produced in Lancut, Sliwowica, plum liqueur and Spirytus REktifikowany.
The country produces especially blonde beer and you have a very big variety: Lech, Zywiec,Tyskie, Warka, Harna'sOkocim, Tatras (a lot stronger), Zubr. Beer is usually good, cheap and soft.
Jasna Góra –it was repopulated in 1382 by the Paulini monks whom Prince Wladyslaw Opolczyk has sent the icon of the Saint Virgin.
Holy Virgin's Chapel- built in gothic style, houses the famous icon, the Black Madonna in Czestochowa. The Black Madona in Czestochowa is one of the most important catholic symbols in Poland. Here, the prayers and thanks remain in memory because of the memories(wota) left by the christians on the walls of the church.
The tower- is one of the highest in the country, 160 m and 30 cm. You have to climb 519 stairs. The terrace is a great place where you can enjoy the entire landscape of Czestochowa. On the second floor of the Tower there is a watch with chime which sings songs about Virgin Mary on 36 sonnets .
Saint Andrew and Saint Barbara church- built in the first half of the 17-th century for the needs of the novices from Jasna Gora church. It is located next to a little water source where the desecrated icon of the Virgin from Czestochowa was washed, stolen in 1430 from Jasna Gora. At the end of the 19-th century the church became parish. The church was built in baroque style with gothic influences. Behind the church there is Saint Barbara Chapel where a little water source can be found.
The park from Stanislaw Staszic- created in 1826 on the Eastern slope in JAsna Gora. In 1909 was the place where the National Agro-industrial Exposition was organized. The Flag of the Exposition, a stylized tower and the Astronomical Observer are dating from that time.
The Townhall- the symbol of the city, represents the creation from Czestochowa today.
Saint Zygmunt Church- the oldest church in Czestochowa, built in the 14-th century.
The Cathedral of the Archdiocese at the call of the Saint Family- built in stages between 1901-1927, is one of the biggest churches in Poland.
The museum of the Paulini Fathers from Jasna Gora Church( The treasure, the 600-years old museum, The Knights' room, The Library)- the collections of the Paulini Monks kept in the church are a big national legacy, a journey through the most important events into the history of Poland.
The Municipal Art Gallery- houses rich collections of paintings, graphics and drawings. It also presents ZdzislawBeksinski's collection of operas and PiotrDmochowski’s collection.
The Museum in Czestochowa- has almost 100 years of activity. It is one of the oldest cultural institutions in Czestochowa. It has excellent collections of Polish paintings.
The Railway History Museum - presents a permanent exhibition of old cars and equipment
The Match Production Museum - the old production line from the 30s still works in conjunction with equipment from the 19-th century,makes the museum a unique curiosity at European scale. It's the only place of this kind in Europe. The main attraction is the visit of the park with historical machines which still work and the possibility of getting to know a really interesting procedure to create matches.
tel. 034 376 14 00, 034 370 11 61www.pkp.pl
tel. +48 34 379 11 49www.pks-czestochowa.pl