Equilibrium calculations
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Equilibrium calculations. To view as a slide show, Click on the “Slideshow” on the menu bar, and then on “View Show” Click the mouse or press Page Down to go to the next slide Press the Escape key to leave the presentation Press Page Up to go back. Problem type #1.

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Equilibrium calculations

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Equilibrium calculations

Equilibrium calculations

  • To view as a slide show, Click on the “Slideshow” on the menu bar, and then on “View Show”

  • Click the mouse or press Page Down to go to the next slide

  • Press the Escape key to leave the presentation

  • Press Page Up to go back


Problem type 1

Problem type #1

  • Given some information about the conditions before equilibrium and after equilibrium, find the equilibrium constant.


Equilibrium calculations

Suppose a flask was made to be 0.500 M in NH3 initially, and when equilibrium was reached, the [NH3] had dropped to 0.106 M. Find the value of K for:N2 + 3H22NH3


N 2 3h 2 2nh 3

N2 + 3H22NH3


N 2 3h 2 2nh 31

N2 + 3H22NH3


N 2 3h 2 2nh 32

N2 + 3H22NH3


N 2 3h 2 2nh 33

N2 + 3H22NH3


N 2 3h 2 2nh 34

N2 + 3H22NH3


N 2 3h 2 2nh 35

N2 + 3H22NH3


N 2 3h 2 2nh 36

N2 + 3H22NH3


N 2 3h 2 2nh 37

N2 + 3H22NH3

  • Let 2x be the amount of NH3 that reacts

  • Use stoichiometry of reaction!


N 2 3h 2 2nh 38

N2 + 3H22NH3

  • Let 2x be the amount of NH3 that reacts

  • 2x = 0.500 – 0.106 = 0.394


N 2 3h 2 2nh 39

N2 + 3H22NH3

  • Let 2x be the amount of NH3 that reacts

  • 2x = 0.500 – 0.106 = 0.394


Problem type 2a

Problem type #2a

  • Given information about conditions before equilibrium and the equilibrium constant, find the concentrations when equilibrium is reached.


Equilibrium calculations

For the reaction N2 + O2 2NO at 1700oC, K = 3.52x10-4. If 0.0100 mole NO is placed in a 1 – L flask at 1700o, what will [N2] be at equilibrium?


Equilibrium calculations

For the reaction N2 + O2 2NO at 1700oC, K = 3.52x10-4. If 0.0100 mole NO is placed in a 1 – L flask at 1700o, what will [N2] be at equilibrium?


Equilibrium calculations

For the reaction N2 + O2 2NO at 1700oC, K = 3.52x10-4. If 0.0100 mole NO is placed in a 1 – L flask at 1700o, what will [N2] be at equilibrium?


Equilibrium calculations

  • 0.0100 - 2x = (1.88 x 10-2)x

  • 0.0100 = 2.02 x

  • x = 4.95 x 10-3 M = [N2] (also = [O2])

    Note that because K was small, most of the NO became N2 and O2

    Final [NO] = 0.0100 – 2(4.95 x 10-3) =1.00 x 10-4 M


Problem type 2b

Problem type #2b

  • Given information about conditions before equilibrium and the equilibrium constant, find the concentrations when equilibrium is reached.

  • . . . .But the math doesn’t work out as nicely


Equilibrium calculations

For the reaction F2 2F at 1000oC, K = 2.7 x10-3. If 1.0 mole F2 is placed in a 1 – L flask at 1000o, what will [F] be at equilibrium?


Equilibrium calculations

For the reaction F2 2F at 1000oC, K = 2.7 x10-3. If 1.0 mole F2 is placed in a 1 – L flask at 1000o, what will [F] be at equilibrium?


Equilibrium calculations

For the reaction F2 2F at 1000oC, K = 2.7 x10-3. If 1.0 mole F2 is placed in a 1 – L flask at 1000o, what will [F] be at equilibrium?


Equilibrium calculations

  • 4x2 = 2.7 x 10-3(1.0 – x) =

  • 4x2 = 2.7 x 10-3 – 2.7 x 10-3 x


Equilibrium calculations

  • 4x2 = 2.7 x 10-3(1.0 – x) =

  • 4x2 = 2.7 x 10-3 – 2.7 x 10-3 x

  • This is a quadratic equation

  • Rearrange to the form ax2 + bx + c = 0

    4x2 + 2.7x10-3x – 2.7 x 10-3 = 0

  • a = 4 b = 2.7 x 10-3 c = -2.7 x 10-3


Equilibrium calculations

4x2 + 2.7x10-3x – 2.7 x 10-3 = 0

  • a = 4 b = 2.7 x 10-3 c = -2.7 x 10-3


Equilibrium calculations

4x2 + 2.7x10-3x – 2.7 x 10-3 = 0

  • a = 4 b = 2.7 x 10-3 c = -2.7 x 10-3


We found x 0 0256 m

We found x = 0.0256 M


Don t memorize

Don’t memorize. . . .


Don t memorize1

Don’t memorize

  • UNDERSTAND


Problem type 2c

Problem type 2c

  • Maybe next time . . . . . . .


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