Evaluating furniture
Download
1 / 30

Evaluating Furniture - PowerPoint PPT Presentation


  • 112 Views
  • Uploaded on

Evaluating Furniture. Marks of Quality. Quality……. Like beauty is more than skin deep. You can always pay less, buy you’ll never get more!. Two Categories of Furniture. Casegoods Upholstered goods. Factors to consider when selecting furniture….

loader
I am the owner, or an agent authorized to act on behalf of the owner, of the copyrighted work described.
capcha
Download Presentation

PowerPoint Slideshow about ' Evaluating Furniture ' - ailsa


An Image/Link below is provided (as is) to download presentation

Download Policy: Content on the Website is provided to you AS IS for your information and personal use and may not be sold / licensed / shared on other websites without getting consent from its author.While downloading, if for some reason you are not able to download a presentation, the publisher may have deleted the file from their server.


- - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - E N D - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - -
Presentation Transcript
Evaluating furniture
Evaluating Furniture

  • Marks of Quality


Quality
Quality……

  • Like beauty is more than skin deep.

  • You can always pay less, buy you’ll never get more!


Two categories of furniture
Two Categories of Furniture

  • Casegoods

  • Upholstered goods


Factors to consider when selecting furniture
Factors to consider when selecting furniture…

  • Size of space and scale of furniture

  • Function

  • Economy

  • Durability/construction

  • Maintenance

  • Beauty and character

  • Built-in or modular


Two categories of wood
Two Categories of Wood

  • Hardwood: (loose their leaves in the Fall) ash, cherry, maple, oak, pecan, teak, rosewood, walnut, mahogany and poplar.

  • Softwood: (keep their leaves in the Fall) cedar, cypress, fir, pine and redwood.


Solid wood
Solid Wood

  • Very expensive

  • Does not use any plywood, particle board or veneers

  • Can warp and expand



Wood veneer
Wood Veneer

  • Thin slice of wood adhered to plywood, multi-density plywood (MDF) or craft paper backing.

  • Dates back to early Egypt and Rome

  • Used extensively in 17th century by Thomas Chippendale

  • Allows for intricate designs and more affordable pieces.

Book Match End Match End Match Slip Match Herringbone


Construction methods
Construction Methods

  • Dovetailed

  • Mortise and Tenon

  • Tongue and Groove

  • Doweled

  • Mitered


Plywood
Plywood

  • Composed of an odd number of sheets of wood glued together at right angles to each other.

  • Count the number of ply’s.

  • Always look at the thickness of drawer bottoms

  • Used for large flat surfaces as solid wood tends to warp. Covered by veneer and trimmed out in solid wood edges.


Reconstituted wood
Reconstituted Wood

  • MDF, OSB, particleboard

  • Polymer adhesives, (petroleum based)

  • Ideal for furniture using laminated surfaces

  • Some lesser quality will swell and expand if it gets wet.


Melamine and laminate
Melamine and Laminate

  • Chemicals, carbon, nitrogen and hydrogen

  • White powder condensed with formaldehyde and heated to create a hard surface.

  • Low pressure (LPL)

  • High pressure (HPL)


Wood finishes
Wood Finishes

  • Protect and enhance

  • Sanding and filling

  • Staining

  • Transparent film


Types of finishes
Types of Finishes

  • Shellac - oldest films that isn't resistant to moisture, alcohol or heat

  • Varnish - made of oils and resins, varnish is more durable for moisture concerns such as outdoor furniture. Varnish is usually flammable. Typically brushed on.

  • Polyurethane - synthetic resin that is extremely durable comes in flat, satin and glossy - used by a lot of do-it-yourselfers. Can be oil-based or water-based.

  • Lacquer - resin, solvent-based finish that is more durable than Varnish. Often comes pigmented and creates a shiny finish. Typically sprayed on. Catalyzed lacquer is a very durable finish used by office furniture manufacturers. It uses chemicals int he drying process vs. evaporation only

  • Water-based UV coatings are being used in sustainable manufacturing processes. It uses UV radiation as a curing process.


Checklist
Checklist…

  • Door and drawer fit well

  • Drawers have glides and stops

  • Drawer glides easily when pulled

  • Drawers have dust panels

  • Drawers are lined

  • Drawer sides are finished

  • Drawer interiors are smooth

  • Doors swing open without squeaking

  • No rough edges on hardware

  • Entertainment units have hole (grommet) for electrical cords

  • Wood grain matches on table leaves, drawer to drawer, etc.

  • Distressed finish is random looking

  • No racking or twisting when lifting one edge



Four evaluation points
Four evaluation points

  • Fabric

  • Springs

  • Filling-padding

  • Frame


Fabric
Fabric

  • Well applied, tightly woven material

  • Thread should match

  • Small stitches

  • Patterns should match

  • Skirt should lie flat


Springs
Springs

  • Drop-in Coil

  • Sinuous or zig-zag

  • Eight-way hand tied coil

  • Web

http://www.youtube.com/watch?v=auXP3L1Toac&feature=youtube_gdata_player


Filling padding
Filling - Padding

  • Polyurethane Foam

  • Foam Rubber

  • Polyester Fiber fill

  • Down

  • Spring Down


Filling polyurethane foam
Filling: Polyurethane Foam

  • Most used today

  • Does a good job in shaping and stuffing

  • Synthetic

  • Memory


Filling foam rubber
Filling: Foam Rubber

  • Not used anymore – breaks down over time.

  • Smells like rubber

  • Replaced by polyurethane foam


Filling polyester fiber fill
Filling: Polyester Fiber Fill

  • Used as a batting that wraps around the cushion core

  • Dacron


Filling down
Filling: Down

  • Goose Feathers

  • Most expensive

  • Considered Luxurious

  • Tends to settle and requires fluffing after each use.


Filling spring down
Filling: Spring Down

  • Innerspring coils surrounded by foam, wrapped in Dacron Polyester.


Frame
Frame

  • Hardwood (elm, poplar, gumwood, birch, ash or oak).

  • Kiln Dried

  • Legs should be an integral part of the frame

  • Center leg on long sofas

  • Dowel construction with corner blocks, glued and screwed together.


Checklist1
Checklist…..

  • Seats are comfortable

  • Backs are free of bumps and hard spots

  • Frame is sturdy, doesn’t creak or wobble

  • Frame sits squarely on the floor

  • Frame and corners are well padded

  • Corners are braced and glued

  • Seams and welts are straight

  • Patterns and stripes match at seams

  • Cushions fit snugly

  • Buttons are sewn on securely

  • Any moving parts clear fabric to prevent tearing

  • Metal parts are smooth with no sharp edges


Pricing furniture
Pricing Furniture

  • Price (wholesale, retail, net, cost)

  • F.O.B Destination

  • F.O.B Factory

  • C.O.M.

  • C.O.L.


Quality manufacturers
Quality Manufacturers

  • Thomasville

  • Baker

  • Henredon

  • Kincaid

  • Century

  • Sherrill

  • Broyhill

  • Lane

  • La-Z-Boy


Homework due on 19th
Homework due on 19th

  • Visit a furniture store and evaluate two pieces of furniture. See handout posted on website. Worth 25 points.


ad