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The South African Forestry and Forest Products Industry 2008. Produced By Roger Godsmark Forestry South Africa, September 2009. Presentation Outline. Introduction The importance of the Forestry Industry The importance of the Forest Products Industry Industry Contribution to Employment

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the south african forestry and forest products industry 2008

The South African Forestry and Forest Products Industry 2008

Produced By Roger Godsmark

Forestry South Africa, September 2009

presentation outline
Presentation Outline
  • Introduction
  • The importance of the Forestry Industry
  • The importance of the Forest Products Industry
  • Industry Contribution to Employment
  • Investment
  • Industry Contribution to GDP
  • Industry Contribution to Foreign Trade
slide3

Section 1

Introduction

land use in south africa
Land Use in South Africa

1 257 341 ha

Total RSA land area – 122.3 million ha

land use in mpumalanga
Land Use in Mpumalanga

510 389 ha

Total Mpum. land area – 8.2 million ha (6.7% of total)

land use in kwazulu natal
Land Use in KwaZulu Natal

486 020 ha

Total KZN land area – 9.1 million ha (7.5% of total)

land use in the eastern cape
Land Use in the Eastern Cape

153 380 ha

Total E. Cape land area – 17.1 million ha (13.9% of total)

land use in the western cape
Land Use in the Western Cape

59 570 ha

Total W. Cape land area – 12.9 million ha (10.6% of total)

land use in limpopo
Land Use in Limpopo

47 982 ha

Total Limpopo land area – 12.0 million ha (9.8% of total).

plantation area as of land area by province
Plantation Area as % of Land Area by Province

Forestry in Mpumalanga greatest % of land area

land use comparisons 1998 2003 2008
Land Use Comparisons1998, 2003 & 2008

Drop in Forestry Area – 127 000 ha (9.1%)

slide12

Section 2

The Forestry Industry

plantation area by species 2008
Plantation Area by Species 2008

Total – 1 257 341 ha

plantation area by ownership 2008
Plantation Area by Ownership 2008

Total – 1 257 341 ha

plantation area by province 2008
Plantation Area by Province 2008

Total – 1 257 341 ha

plantation area by province and genera 2008
Plantation Area by Province and Genera 2008

Total – 660 265 ha (softwood)

Total – 597 076 ha (hardwood)

pine plantation area by region 2008
Pine Plantation Area by Region 2008

Total – 660 265 ha (52.5% of total)

eucalyptus plantation area by region 2008
Eucalyptus Plantation Area by Region 2008

Total – 491 934 ha (39.1% of total)

wattle plantation area by region 2008
Wattle Plantation Area by Region 2008

Total – 95 572 ha (7.6% of total)

other hardwood plantation area by region 2008
Other Hardwood Plantation Area by Region 2008

Total – 9 571 ha (0.8% of total)

plantation area by province and ownership 2008
Plantation Area by Province and Ownership 2008

Leased Safcol packages included in “Private”

Total Private – 1 041 502 ha (83%)

Total Public – 215 839 ha (17%)

percentage plantation ownership by province 2008
Percentage Plantation Ownershipby Province 2008

Total Private – 1 041 223 ha (83%)

Total Public – 215 839 ha (17%)

plantation area by species and ownership 2008
Plantation Area by Species and Ownership 2008

Total Private – 1 041 223 ha (83%)

Total Public – 215 839 ha (17%)

percentage plantation ownership by species 2008
Percentage Plantation Ownershipby Species 2008

Total Private – 1 041 223 ha (83%)

Total Public – 215 839 ha (17%)

roundwood production by product 2008
Roundwood Production by Product 2008

Total – 8.9 million m3 (softwood)

Total – 11.3 million m3 (hardwood)

roundwood production by province and genera 2008
Roundwood Production by Province and Genera 2008

Total – 8.9 million m3 (softwood)

Total – 11.3 million m3 (hardwood)

roundwood production by province and genera 20081
Roundwood Productionby Province and Genera 2008

9.165

8.058

1.659

0.695

0.596

Total – 8.9 million m3 (softwood)

Total – 11.3 million m3 (hardwood)

roundwood production ex plantations by province product 2008
Roundwood Production ex Plantationsby Province & Product 2008

Total – 20.1 million m3 or 17.5 million tons

total roundwood production ex plantations by province 2008
Total Roundwood Production ex Plantations by Province 2008

Total – 20.1 million m3 or 17.5 million tons

total roundwood production ex plantations by product 2008
Total Roundwood Production ex Plantations by Product 2008

Total – 20.1 million m3 or 17.5 million tons

softwood roundwood production ex plantations by product 2008
Softwood Roundwood Production ex Plantations by Product 2008

Total – 8.9 million m3 or 9.2 million tons

hardwood roundwood production ex plantations by product 2008
Hardwood Roundwood Production ex Plantations by Product 2008

Total – 11.3 million m3 or 8.3 million tons

total roundwood production ex plantations by species 2008
Total Roundwood Production ex Plantations by Species 2008

Total – 20.1 million m3 or 17.5 million tons

total plantation area 1980 to 2008
Total Plantation Area 1980 to 2008

Total increase in afforested area over period : 95 933 ha

Total % increase in afforested area over period : 8.3%

total roundwood production ex plantations 1980 to 2008
Total Roundwood Production ex Plantations 1980 to 2008

Total increase in production over period : 69.5%

Total in increase in afforested area over period : 8.3%

roundwood production vs plantation area 1980 to 2008
Roundwood Production vs. Plantation Area 1980 to 2008

Total increase in production over period : 69.5%

Total in increase in afforested area over period : 8.3%

average productivity per hectare 1980 2008
Average Productivity per Hectare 1980 - 2008

Total increase in productivity over period – 5.8 m3per ha p.a. (57%)

value of roundwood production 1980 to 2008
Value of Roundwood Production 1980 to 2008

Nominal increase over period : R5.9bn (3 572%)

Real increase over period : R3.6bn (146%)

new afforestation by region 1980 to 2008
New Afforestation by Region1980 to 2008

AVERAGE

New afforestation over period - 380 452 ha

Average per year - 13 119 ha

new afforestation by region 10 year period 1999 to 2008
New Afforestation by Region10 Year Period – 1999 to 2008

AVERAGE

New afforestation over period - 42 336 ha

Average per year - 4 234 ha

new afforestation by species 1980 to 2008
New Afforestation by Species1980 to 2008

Average p.a. 1980 to 1985 - 10 974 ha (17.3% of total)

Average p.a. 1986 to 1990 - 24 558 ha (32.3% of total)

new afforestation by product 1980 to 2008
New Afforestation by Product1980 to 2008

Average p.a. 1991 to 1995 - 24 406 ha (32.1% of total)

Average p.a. 1996 to 2000 - 7 019 ha (9.2% of total)

Average p.a. 2001 to 2008 - 4 336 ha (9.1% of total)

area converted out of timber production by species 1980 to 2008
Area Converted Out of Timber Production by Species 1980 to 2008

Area converted over period - 85 836 ha

Average p.a. - 2 960 ha

net new afforestation by species 1980 to 2008
Net New Afforestation by Species1980 to 2008

Net new afforestation over period - 294 614 ha

Average p.a. - 10 159ha

net new afforestation by species 2008
Net New Afforestation by Species 2008

Total net new afforestation - 3 945 ha

area converted out of timber production by region 1980 to 2008
Area Converted Out of Timber Production by Region 1980 to 2008

Area converted over period - 85 839 ha

Average p.a. - 2 960 ha

net new afforestation by region 1980 to 2008
Net New Afforestation by Region1980 to 2008

Net new afforestation over period - 294 613 ha

Average p.a. - 10 159 ha

conversion of plantations out of production to other species 1980 to 2008
Conversion of Plantations out of Production & to Other Species 1980 to 2008
  • Net loss to production area over period - 85 837 ha
  • Average p.a. - 3 179 ha
total area converted out of production to other species 1980 to 2008
Total Area Converted out of Production & to Other Species 1980 to 2008
  • Net loss to production area over period - 85 837 ha
  • Average p.a. - 3 179 ha
net addition to planted area by species 1980 to 2008
Net Addition to Planted Area by Species 1980 to 2008

Total net addition to production area - 294 613 ha

Average p.a. - 10 159 ha

total net addition to planted area by species 1980 to 2008
Total Net Addition to Planted Area by Species 1980 to 2008

Total net addition to production area - 294 613 ha

Average p.a. - 10 159 ha

net addition loss to planted area by species 2008
Net Addition (Loss) to Planted Area by Species 2008

Total net gain in production area + 3 944 ha

damage to plantations by genera 1980 to 2008
Damage to Plantations by Genera1980 to 2008

Total area damaged over period - 907 765 ha

Average p.a. - 31 302 ha

damage to plantations by fires 1980 to 2008
Damage to Plantations by Fires1980 to 2008

Total area damaged over period - 907 765 ha

Total area damaged by fire - 528 763 ha (58%)

Total area damaged by other causes - 379 002 ha (42%)

damage to plantations by genera 2008
Damage to Plantations by Genera 2008

Total – 77 150 ha (6.1% of total planted area)

fsc certified forests by forest type august 2009
FSC Certified Forestsby Forest Type: August 2009

Certified Area – 1 572 568 ha (incl. planted & non-planted areas)

fsc certified forests by ownership august 2009
FSC Certified Forestsby Ownership: August 2009

Certified Area – 1 572 568 ha (incl. planted & non-planted areas)

slide86

Section 3

The Forest Products Industry

intake of roundwood into processing plants 1980 to 2008
Intake of Roundwood into Processing Plants 1980 to 2008

Total increase in intake over period - 8.5 million m3 (77%)

Biggest increase that of pulpwood - 9.6 million m3 (227%)

roundwood intake into processing plants by province product 2008
Roundwood Intake into ProcessingPlants by Province & Product 2008

Total – 19.6 million m3

average size of plant by intake 1980 vs 2008
Average Size of Plant by Intake1980 vs. 2008

Overall average intake has increased by: - 133%

Average intake of PP & Board Mills has increased by: - 107%

Only average intake of MT Mills has declined – by - 25%

sales of certain products from processing plants 1980 to 2008
Sales of Certain Products from Processing Plants 1980 to 2008

Biggest increase that of chips - 3.4 million tons (645%)

Only decrease that of mining timber - 1.0 million tons (-60%)

value of sales from primary processing plants 1980 to 2008
Value of Sales from Primary Processing Plants 1980 to 2008

Nominal increase over period - R20.7bn (2 964%)

Real increase over period - R11.0bn (105%)

value of roundwood sales from processing plants by product province 2008
Value of Roundwood Sales from Processing Plants by Product & Province 2008

Total – R21.4 billion

value of roundwood sales from processing plants by product province 20081
Value of Roundwood Sales from Processing Plants by Product & Province 2008

Total – R21.4 billion

value addition in primary processing industry 2008
Value Addition in Primary Processing Industry 2008

Note : excludes secondary processing (e.g. paper manufacturing)

value addition comparisons in primary processing industry 2008
Value Addition Comparisons in Primary Processing Industry 2008

Note : Based only on input value of raw fibre (i.e. excludes all other input costs)

slide102

Section 4

Contribution to Employment

direct employment in forestry industry by region 2008
Direct Employment in Forestry Industry by Region 2008

Total estimated direct jobs in Industry – 77 000

direct employment in forestry industry as of those employed in 2008
Direct Employment in Forestry Industry as % of Those Employed in 2008

Total employed in RSA – 12.5 million

indirect employment in forestry industry by province 2008
Indirect Employment in Forestry Industry by Province 2008

Total estimated indirect jobs created by Industry – 462 000

indirect employment in forestry industry as of those employed in 2008
Indirect Employment in Forestry Industry as % of Those Employed in 2008

Total employed in Mpumalanga – 803 000

total employment in industry as of those employed in formal sector 2008
Total Employment in Industry as % of Those Employed in Formal Sector 2008

Total employed in Mpumalanga – 0.8 million

dependents of those working in forestry industry by region 2008
Dependents of Those Working in Forestry Industry by Region 2008

59,000

Estimated total – 1.7 million dependents

total number of people dependent on forestry industry by region 2008
Total Number of People Dependent on Forestry Industry by Region 2008

Estimated total – 2.3 million livelihoods

slide114

Section 5

Investment in Sector

investment in rsa forestry industry 2008
Investment in RSA Forestry Industry 2008

Total Investment - R18.8 Billion

investment in rsa forestry industry 20081
Investment in RSA Forestry Industry 2008

Total Investment - R18.8 Billion

investment in rsa forestry industry 20082
Investment in RSA Forestry Industry 2008

Total Investment - 18.8 Billion

investment in plantations by province 2008
Investment in Plantations – By Province 2008

Mpumalanga has highest investment - 42.1% of total

investment in mpumalanga forestry 2008
Investment in Mpumalanga Forestry 2008

Total Investment - R7.9 Billion

investment in kzn forestry 2008
Investment in KZN Forestry 2008

Total Investment - R6.4 Billion

investment in e cape forestry 2008
Investment in E. Cape Forestry 2008

Total Investment - R2.6 Billion

investment in w cape forestry 2008
Investment in W. Cape Forestry 2008

Total Investment - R1.1 Billion

investment in limpopo forestry 2008
Investment in Limpopo Forestry 2008

Total Investment - R808 Million

investment in forest products sector by type of processing plant 2008
Investment in Forest Products Sector by Type of Processing Plant 2008

Total Book Value of Investments - R15.8 Billion

investment in forest products sector by investment category 2008
Investment in Forest Products Sectorby Investment Category 2008

Total Book Value of Investments - R15.8 Billion

slide126

Section 6

Contribution to GDP

composition of rsa gdp 2008
Composition of RSA GDP2008

Total GDP – R2 151 Billion (i.e. R2.2 Trillion)

contribution to gdp 1980 to 2008
Contribution to GDP 1980 to 2008

Increase in Forestry GDP over period from 4.5% to 9.6%

Decrease in For. Prod. GDP over period from 6.3% to 6.0%

forestry vs other agricultural ggp per region 2008
Forestry vs. Other Agricultural GGP per Region 2008

Forestry in Mpumalanga of major importance

slide135

Section 7

Contribution to Foreign Trade

forest product exports 2008
Forest Product Exports2008

Total – R14.8 billion

forest product imports 2008
Forest Product Imports2008

Total – R11.3 billion

trade balance in forest products 1980 to 2008 nominal
Trade Balance in Forest Products1980 to 2008 (nominal)

Increase in imports - R9.8 billion (694%)

Increase in exports - R12.4 billion (531%)

Increase in trade balance - R2.6 billion (281%)

trade balance in forest products 1980 to 2008 real
Trade Balance in Forest Products1980 to 2008 (real)

Increase in imports - R7.2 billion (176%)

Increase in exports - R8.0 billion (120%)

Increase in trade balance - R0.9 billion (33%)

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