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The South African Forestry and Forest Products Industry 2008. Produced By Roger Godsmark Forestry South Africa, September 2009. Presentation Outline. Introduction The importance of the Forestry Industry The importance of the Forest Products Industry Industry Contribution to Employment

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The south african forestry and forest products industry 2008

The South African Forestry and Forest Products Industry 2008

Produced By Roger Godsmark

Forestry South Africa, September 2009


Presentation outline
Presentation Outline

  • Introduction

  • The importance of the Forestry Industry

  • The importance of the Forest Products Industry

  • Industry Contribution to Employment

  • Investment

  • Industry Contribution to GDP

  • Industry Contribution to Foreign Trade


Section 1

Introduction


Land use in south africa
Land Use in South Africa

1 257 341 ha

Total RSA land area – 122.3 million ha


Land use in mpumalanga
Land Use in Mpumalanga

510 389 ha

Total Mpum. land area – 8.2 million ha (6.7% of total)


Land use in kwazulu natal
Land Use in KwaZulu Natal

486 020 ha

Total KZN land area – 9.1 million ha (7.5% of total)


Land use in the eastern cape
Land Use in the Eastern Cape

153 380 ha

Total E. Cape land area – 17.1 million ha (13.9% of total)


Land use in the western cape
Land Use in the Western Cape

59 570 ha

Total W. Cape land area – 12.9 million ha (10.6% of total)


Land use in limpopo
Land Use in Limpopo

47 982 ha

Total Limpopo land area – 12.0 million ha (9.8% of total).


Plantation area as of land area by province
Plantation Area as % of Land Area by Province

Forestry in Mpumalanga greatest % of land area


Land use comparisons 1998 2003 2008
Land Use Comparisons1998, 2003 & 2008

Drop in Forestry Area – 127 000 ha (9.1%)


Section 2

The Forestry Industry


Plantation area by species 2008
Plantation Area by Species 2008

Total – 1 257 341 ha


Plantation area by ownership 2008
Plantation Area by Ownership 2008

Total – 1 257 341 ha


Plantation area by province 2008
Plantation Area by Province 2008

Total – 1 257 341 ha


Plantation area by province and genera 2008
Plantation Area by Province and Genera 2008

Total – 660 265 ha (softwood)

Total – 597 076 ha (hardwood)


Planted area comparisons by region species 2008
Planted Area Comparisonsby Region & Species 2008


Pine plantation area by region 2008
Pine Plantation Area by Region 2008

Total – 660 265 ha (52.5% of total)


Eucalyptus plantation area by region 2008
Eucalyptus Plantation Area by Region 2008

Total – 491 934 ha (39.1% of total)


Wattle plantation area by region 2008
Wattle Plantation Area by Region 2008

Total – 95 572 ha (7.6% of total)


Other hardwood plantation area by region 2008
Other Hardwood Plantation Area by Region 2008

Total – 9 571 ha (0.8% of total)





Plantation area by province and ownership 2008
Plantation Area by Province and Ownership 2008

Leased Safcol packages included in “Private”

Total Private – 1 041 502 ha (83%)

Total Public – 215 839 ha (17%)


Percentage plantation ownership by province 2008
Percentage Plantation Ownershipby Province 2008

Total Private – 1 041 223 ha (83%)

Total Public – 215 839 ha (17%)


Plantation area by species and ownership 2008
Plantation Area by Species and Ownership 2008

Total Private – 1 041 223 ha (83%)

Total Public – 215 839 ha (17%)


Percentage plantation ownership by species 2008
Percentage Plantation Ownershipby Species 2008

Total Private – 1 041 223 ha (83%)

Total Public – 215 839 ha (17%)


Planted area comparisons by region product 2008
Planted Area Comparisonsby Region & Product 2008


Roundwood production by product 2008
Roundwood Production by Product 2008

Total – 8.9 million m3 (softwood)

Total – 11.3 million m3 (hardwood)


Roundwood production by province and genera 2008
Roundwood Production by Province and Genera 2008

Total – 8.9 million m3 (softwood)

Total – 11.3 million m3 (hardwood)


Roundwood production by province and genera 20081
Roundwood Productionby Province and Genera 2008

9.165

8.058

1.659

0.695

0.596

Total – 8.9 million m3 (softwood)

Total – 11.3 million m3 (hardwood)


Roundwood production ex plantations by province product 2008
Roundwood Production ex Plantationsby Province & Product 2008

Total – 20.1 million m3 or 17.5 million tons


Total roundwood production ex plantations by province 2008
Total Roundwood Production ex Plantations by Province 2008

Total – 20.1 million m3 or 17.5 million tons


Total roundwood production ex plantations by product 2008
Total Roundwood Production ex Plantations by Product 2008

Total – 20.1 million m3 or 17.5 million tons


Softwood roundwood production ex plantations by product 2008
Softwood Roundwood Production ex Plantations by Product 2008

Total – 8.9 million m3 or 9.2 million tons


Hardwood roundwood production ex plantations by product 2008
Hardwood Roundwood Production ex Plantations by Product 2008

Total – 11.3 million m3 or 8.3 million tons


Total roundwood production ex plantations by species 2008
Total Roundwood Production ex Plantations by Species 2008

Total – 20.1 million m3 or 17.5 million tons



Total plantation area 1980 to 2008
Total Plantation Area 1980 to 2008

Total increase in afforested area over period : 95 933 ha

Total % increase in afforested area over period : 8.3%


Total roundwood production ex plantations 1980 to 2008
Total Roundwood Production ex Plantations 1980 to 2008

Total increase in production over period : 69.5%

Total in increase in afforested area over period : 8.3%


Roundwood production vs plantation area 1980 to 2008
Roundwood Production vs. Plantation Area 1980 to 2008

Total increase in production over period : 69.5%

Total in increase in afforested area over period : 8.3%


Average productivity per hectare 1980 2008
Average Productivity per Hectare 1980 - 2008

Total increase in productivity over period – 5.8 m3per ha p.a. (57%)


Production comparisons 1998 2003 2008
Production Comparisons1998, 2003 & 2008


Value of roundwood production 2008
Value of Roundwood Production 2008

Total – R6.0 billion


Value of roundwood production ex plantations by product 2008
Value of Roundwood Productionex Plantations by Product 2008

Total – R6 047 million


Value of roundwood production ex plantations by province 2008
Value of Roundwood Productionex Plantations by Province 2008

Total – R6 047 million


Value of roundwood production ex plantations by province product 2008
Value of Roundwood Productionex Plantations by Province & Product 2008

Total – R6 047 million


Value of roundwood production ex plantations by province product 20081
Value of Roundwood Productionex Plantations by Province & Product 2008

Total – R6 047 million


Value of roundwood production 1980 to 2008
Value of Roundwood Production 1980 to 2008

Nominal increase over period : R5.9bn (3 572%)

Real increase over period : R3.6bn (146%)


New afforestation by region 1980 to 2008
New Afforestation by Region1980 to 2008

AVERAGE

New afforestation over period - 380 452 ha

Average per year - 13 119 ha


Total new afforestation by region 1980 to 2008
Total New Afforestation by Region 1980 to 2008

Total – 380 452 ha


Total new afforestation by region 10 yr period 1999 to 2008
Total New Afforestation by Region10 Yr Period - 1999 to 2008

Total – 42 336 ha


New afforestation by region 10 year period 1999 to 2008
New Afforestation by Region10 Year Period – 1999 to 2008

AVERAGE

New afforestation over period - 42 336 ha

Average per year - 4 234 ha



New afforestation by species 1980 to 2008
New Afforestation by Species1980 to 2008

Average p.a. 1980 to 1985 - 10 974 ha (17.3% of total)

Average p.a. 1986 to 1990 - 24 558 ha (32.3% of total)


Total new afforestation by species 1980 to 2008
Total New Afforestation by Species1980 to 2008

Total – 380 450 ha



New afforestation by product 1980 to 2008
New Afforestation by Product1980 to 2008

Average p.a. 1991 to 1995 - 24 406 ha (32.1% of total)

Average p.a. 1996 to 2000 - 7 019 ha (9.2% of total)

Average p.a. 2001 to 2008 - 4 336 ha (9.1% of total)


Total new afforestation by product 1980 to 2008
Total New Afforestation by Product1980 to 2008

Total – 380 450 ha



Area converted out of timber production by species 1980 to 2008
Area Converted Out of Timber Production by Species 1980 to 2008

Area converted over period - 85 836 ha

Average p.a. - 2 960 ha




Net new afforestation by species 1980 to 2008
Net New Afforestation by Species 20081980 to 2008

Net new afforestation over period - 294 614 ha

Average p.a. - 10 159ha


Net new afforestation by species 1980 to 20081
Net New Afforestation by Species 20081980 to 2008

Total – 294 614 ha


Net new afforestation by species 2008
Net New Afforestation by Species 2008 2008

Total net new afforestation - 3 945 ha


Area converted out of timber production by region 1980 to 2008
Area Converted Out of Timber Production by Region 1980 to 2008

Area converted over period - 85 839 ha

Average p.a. - 2 960 ha



Net new afforestation by region 1980 to 2008
Net New Afforestation by Region to 20081980 to 2008

Net new afforestation over period - 294 613 ha

Average p.a. - 10 159 ha


Net new afforestation by region 1980 to 20081
Net New Afforestation by Region to 20081980 to 2008

Total – 294 613 ha


Conversion of plantations out of production to other species 1980 to 2008
Conversion of Plantations out of Production & to Other Species 1980 to 2008

  • Net loss to production area over period - 85 837 ha

  • Average p.a. - 3 179 ha


Total area converted out of production to other species 1980 to 2008
Total Area Converted out of Production & to Other Species 1980 to 2008

  • Net loss to production area over period - 85 837 ha

  • Average p.a. - 3 179 ha


Area converted out of production to other species 2008
Area Converted out of Production 1980 to 2008& to Other Species 2008

Net loss to production area - 697 ha


Net addition to planted area by species 1980 to 2008
Net Addition to Planted Area by Species 1980 to 20081980 to 2008

Total net addition to production area - 294 613 ha

Average p.a. - 10 159 ha


Total net addition to planted area by species 1980 to 2008
Total Net Addition to Planted Area by Species 1980 to 2008 1980 to 2008

Total net addition to production area - 294 613 ha

Average p.a. - 10 159 ha


Net addition loss to planted area by species 2008
Net Addition (Loss) to Planted Area by Species 2008 1980 to 2008

Total net gain in production area + 3 944 ha


Damage to plantations by genera 1980 to 2008
Damage to Plantations by Genera 1980 to 20081980 to 2008

Total area damaged over period - 907 765 ha

Average p.a. - 31 302 ha


Damage to plantations by fires 1980 to 2008
Damage to Plantations by Fires 1980 to 20081980 to 2008

Total area damaged over period - 907 765 ha

Total area damaged by fire - 528 763 ha (58%)

Total area damaged by other causes - 379 002 ha (42%)


Damage to plantations by fires 1980 to 20081
Damage to Plantations by Fires 1980 to 20081980 to 2008


Damage to plantations by genera 2008
Damage to Plantations by Genera 2008 1980 to 2008

Total – 77 150 ha (6.1% of total planted area)


Damage to plantations by cause 2008
Damage to Plantations by Cause 2008 1980 to 2008

Total – 77 150 ha


Damage to plantations by fire 2008
Damage to Plantations by Fire 2008 1980 to 2008

Total – 70 812 ha


Fsc certified forests by forest type august 2009
FSC Certified Forests 1980 to 2008by Forest Type: August 2009

Certified Area – 1 572 568 ha (incl. planted & non-planted areas)


Fsc certified forests by ownership august 2009
FSC Certified Forests 1980 to 2008by Ownership: August 2009

Certified Area – 1 572 568 ha (incl. planted & non-planted areas)


Section 3 1980 to 2008

The Forest Products Industry


Number of processing plants by type 2008
Number of Processing Plants by Type 2008 1980 to 2008

Total – 183 plants


Intake of roundwood into processing plants 1980 to 2008
Intake of Roundwood into Processing Plants 1980 to 2008 1980 to 2008

Total increase in intake over period - 8.5 million m3 (77%)

Biggest increase that of pulpwood - 9.6 million m3 (227%)


Intake of roundwood into processing plants 2008
Intake of Roundwood into Processing Plants 2008 1980 to 2008

Total – 19.6 million m3


Roundwood intake into processing plants by province product 2008
Roundwood Intake into Processing 1980 to 2008Plants by Province & Product 2008

Total – 19.6 million m3


Roundwood intake into processing plants by province product 20081
Roundwood Intake into Processing 1980 to 2008Plants by Province & Product 2008

Total – 19.6 million m3


Average size of plant by intake 1980 vs 2008
Average Size of Plant by Intake 1980 to 20081980 vs. 2008

Overall average intake has increased by: - 133%

Average intake of PP & Board Mills has increased by: - 107%

Only average intake of MT Mills has declined – by - 25%


Sales of certain products from processing plants 1980 to 2008
Sales of Certain Products from Processing Plants 1980 to 2008

Biggest increase that of chips - 3.4 million tons (645%)

Only decrease that of mining timber - 1.0 million tons (-60%)



Value of sales from primary processing plants 1980 to 2008
Value of Sales from Primary Processing Plants 1980 to 2008 2008

Nominal increase over period - R20.7bn (2 964%)

Real increase over period - R11.0bn (105%)


Value of roundwood sales from processing plants by product province 2008
Value of Roundwood Sales from Processing Plants by Product & Province 2008

Total – R21.4 billion


Value of roundwood sales from processing plants by product province 20081
Value of Roundwood Sales from Processing Plants by Product & Province 2008

Total – R21.4 billion


Gross value of output comparisons 1998 2003 2008
Gross Value of Output Comparisons & Province 20081998, 2003 & 2008


Gross value of output comparisons per planted hectare 1998 2003 2008
Gross Value of Output Comparisons & Province 2008per Planted Hectare 1998, 2003 & 2008


Value addition in primary processing industry 2008
Value Addition in Primary Processing Industry 2008 & Province 2008

Note : excludes secondary processing (e.g. paper manufacturing)


Value addition comparisons in primary processing industry 2008
Value Addition Comparisons in Primary Processing Industry 2008

Note : Based only on input value of raw fibre (i.e. excludes all other input costs)


Section 4 2008

Contribution to Employment




Direct employment in forestry industry by region 2008
Direct Employment in Forestry Industry by Region 2008 2008

Total estimated direct jobs in Industry – 77 000


Direct employment in forestry industry as of those employed in 2008
Direct Employment in Forestry Industry as % of Those Employed in 2008

Total employed in RSA – 12.5 million


Indirect employment in forestry industry by province 2008
Indirect Employment in Forestry Industry by Province 2008 Employed in 2008

Total estimated indirect jobs created by Industry – 462 000


Indirect employment in forestry industry as of those employed in 2008
Indirect Employment in Forestry Industry as % of Those Employed in 2008

Total employed in Mpumalanga – 803 000


Direct indirect jobs in forestry industry by province 2008
Direct & Indirect Jobs in Forestry Industry by Province 2008 Employed in 2008

Estimated total – 539 400 jobs


Total employment in industry as of those employed in formal sector 2008
Total Employment in Industry as % of Those Employed in Formal Sector 2008

Total employed in Mpumalanga – 0.8 million


Dependents of those working in forestry industry by region 2008
Dependents of Those Working in Forestry Industry by Region 2008

59,000

Estimated total – 1.7 million dependents


Total number of people dependent on forestry industry by region 2008
Total Number of People Dependent on Forestry Industry by Region 2008

Estimated total – 2.3 million livelihoods



Section 5 2008

Investment in Sector


Investment in rsa forestry industry 2008
Investment in 2008RSA Forestry Industry 2008

Total Investment - R18.8 Billion


Investment in rsa forestry industry 20081
Investment in 2008RSA Forestry Industry 2008

Total Investment - R18.8 Billion


Investment in rsa forestry industry 20082
Investment in 2008RSA Forestry Industry 2008

Total Investment - 18.8 Billion


Investment in plantations by province 2008
Investment in Plantations – By Province 2008 2008

Mpumalanga has highest investment - 42.1% of total


Investment in mpumalanga forestry 2008
Investment in Mpumalanga Forestry 2008 2008

Total Investment - R7.9 Billion


Investment in kzn forestry 2008
Investment in KZN Forestry 2008 2008

Total Investment - R6.4 Billion


Investment in e cape forestry 2008
Investment in E. Cape Forestry 2008 2008

Total Investment - R2.6 Billion


Investment in w cape forestry 2008
Investment in W. Cape Forestry 2008 2008

Total Investment - R1.1 Billion


Investment in limpopo forestry 2008
Investment in Limpopo Forestry 2008 2008

Total Investment - R808 Million


Investment in forest products sector by type of processing plant 2008
Investment in Forest Products Sector 2008by Type of Processing Plant 2008

Total Book Value of Investments - R15.8 Billion


Investment in forest products sector by investment category 2008
Investment in Forest Products Sector 2008by Investment Category 2008

Total Book Value of Investments - R15.8 Billion


Section 6 2008

Contribution to GDP


Composition of rsa gdp 2008
Composition of 2008RSA GDP2008

Total GDP – R2 151 Billion (i.e. R2.2 Trillion)


Contribution to gdp 1980 to 2008
Contribution to GDP 1980 to 2008 2008

Increase in Forestry GDP over period from 4.5% to 9.6%

Decrease in For. Prod. GDP over period from 6.3% to 6.0%


Forestry vs other agricultural ggp per region 2008
Forestry vs. Other Agricultural 2008GGP per Region 2008

Forestry in Mpumalanga of major importance



Gross value of output by sector province 2008
Gross Value of Output 2008by Sector & Province 2008


Gross value of output by sector province 20081
Gross Value of Output 2008by Sector & Province 2008


Forest industry contribution to total ggp per region 2008
Forest Industry Contribution to Total 2008GGP per Region - 2008


Forest industry contribution to total ggp per region 20081
Forest Industry Contribution to Total 2008GGP per Region - 2008


Section 7 2008

Contribution to Foreign Trade


Forest product exports 2008
Forest Product Exports 20082008

Total – R14.8 billion


Forest product imports 2008
Forest Product Imports 20082008

Total – R11.3 billion


Trade balance in forest products 1980 to 2008 nominal
Trade Balance in Forest Products 20081980 to 2008 (nominal)

Increase in imports - R9.8 billion (694%)

Increase in exports - R12.4 billion (531%)

Increase in trade balance - R2.6 billion (281%)


Trade balance in forest products 1980 to 2008 real
Trade Balance in Forest Products 20081980 to 2008 (real)

Increase in imports - R7.2 billion (176%)

Increase in exports - R8.0 billion (120%)

Increase in trade balance - R0.9 billion (33%)


Export comparisons 1998 2003 2008
Export Comparisons 20081998, 2003 & 2008


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