Political socialization 2005-2006 Leiden Uni, Fac Soc Sci, Dep Pol Sci Lecture 3 – 22.02.2006. Start : short recap Lecture 2 (things left) Today’s lecture : trends, generations, new forms Next time 01.03.2006 :
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Start : short recap Lecture 2 (things left)
Today’s lecture : trends, generations, new forms
Next time 01.03.2006 :
workshop 1 on Answer to your learning question(s) based on at least 3 sources from the assigned literature list
see course manual
we select papers and install chair/discussant at workshop
Competing notions :EnculturationUpbringingMaturing
Forms : Primary – SecondaryOther – Self
Intermezzo :Self & (political) identityPhase-thinking
Key emphases :
not in vacuum
changes with time
as well as place
more personal flexibility
take account extension youth phase (Niemi & Hepburn)
go beyond phase/stage-thinking (Sears et al.)
focus on reconstruction messages in interactions (Wasburn)
life course transitions (age/life cycle effects)
events as catalysts (period effects)
formative experiences (cohort/generation effect)
longitudinal (panel) surveys iso postmodernist theorizing
effects similar for interactions with parents, teachers, peers, (new) media (incl. does message from parents change when discussed with peers; see Wasburn) ?
effects similar for values, attitudes (incl. cognitions, emotions, etc.), and actions ?
re : actions : effects similar for voting, demonstrating, volunteering, blogging, buycotts, etc. ?
Many labels : e.g., protest generation, lost generation, backseat generation, ‘hotel mama’ generation, etc., vary by nation (similarities are there)
Conditions : similar historic location, concious of shared formative history and destiny, groups articulating generation’s voice
NL : political cleavages war/pre-war and post-war generation
Difficult necessity : disentangling APC-effects (identification problem); impossible in one-shot survey : e.g., say in a 2006-survey people aged 20 are more right-wing than people aged 30 and formative period is 15-25 years of age; why more right-wing ? Because of being 20, events of 2001-2006, or being born in 1986 vis-a-vis being 30, events of 1991-2006, or being born in 1976 ? Nobody will know in a one-shot survey !
Survey questions signs of the times: playing cards, occupying buildings, writing letters to Congress (what was conventional-unconventional then, is now no more)
Not innocent ! Younger generations seen as non-civic threatening the survival of smooth interactions and democracy based on these surveys
Alternative forms of engagement have developed : personalized, identity-based, consumerist, informal, spontaneous, short-lived, flexible, reflexive, feminine (Bennett; Ester & Vinken)
Outcomes of political socialization younger generation ?
What does this mean for research ? (Stolle & Hooghe)
Do new forms matter ? Does shopping make the street lights burn? Do ‘real’ politics increasingly rely on older ‘civic’ generations only?
Some examples (see also ‘course info’ on Blackboard)
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