UNICEF Report Card 10: Measuring Child Poverty
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UNICEF Report Card 10: Measuring Child Poverty CANADIAN COMPANION (excerpts) PowerPoint PPT Presentation


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UNICEF Report Card 10: Measuring Child Poverty CANADIAN COMPANION (excerpts). Canada: Relative child poverty: 13.3 % C hild poverty rate is 25.1% before taxes and transfers After taxes and transfers, child poverty in Canada is cut by about half, to 13.3 %

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UNICEF Report Card 10: Measuring Child Poverty CANADIAN COMPANION (excerpts)

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UNICEF Report Card 10: Measuring Child Poverty

CANADIAN COMPANION (excerpts)


  • Canada:

  • Relative child poverty: 13.3 %

  • Child poverty rate is 25.1% before taxes and transfers

  • After taxes and transfers, child poverty in Canada is cut by about half, to 13.3 %

  • Poverty gap i.e., the depth of child poverty: 23rdamong the35 industrialized countries


  • The Children Left Behind : measures the gap between the average child (what a country may consider 'normal') and the child near the bottom.

  • It examines how far children are falling behind in three dimensions of their lives:

    • material well-being,

    • educational achievement

    • physical health

  • These differences in a country’s performance both within and between countries can be measured and compared.

  • http://www.unicef.ca/en/create-content/press-release/rich-countries-including-canada-letting-poorest-children-fall-behind-sa


    • Child benefits in Canada’s 2012 budget: $13.2 billion

    • Elderly benefits: $40.4 billion

    • Index of intergenerational justice: Canada ranks below the OECD average (Indicators in the index of intergenerational justice : level of national debt, child and pension policies, and investment in research)

    • Government action is the key to reduce child poverty:

    • Canada must use two measures of child poverty –relative income poverty measure, and Child Deprivation Index –to guide policy & action to reduce child poverty


    • Poverty rate in Canada is almost halved while the rate in USA remains almost unchanged

    • Canada spends about 1.25 percent of GDP on family benefits and tax breaks.


    • How poverty affects children:

    • Growing up in poverty limits individual potential,

    • Reduces country’s economic prosperity and increases social costs for all, e.g., Courts and social protection Health and hospital services Social assistance


    • OECD countries:

    • Lowest child poverty: Nordic countries and the Netherlands 7%

    • Highest : Japan, US & southern and eastern European states

    • Child poverty rate: Iceland 5%

    • Romania 25%.

    • Canada, Australia, New Zealand and the United Kingdom : 10%-15%


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