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Ethics and the DNA Database. Presented by: Mick Carling, Police Science and Technology Unit Date: April 2014. Contents. Introduction Ethics and the State Effect of DNA Database on Public Safety Genealogical Ethics Mathematical Ethics Genetic Ethics Summary. Contents. Introduction

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Ethics and the dna database

Ethics and the DNA Database

Presented by: Mick Carling, Police Science and Technology Unit

Date: April 2014


Contents
Contents

  • Introduction

  • Ethics and the State

  • Effect of DNA Database on Public Safety

  • Genealogical Ethics

  • Mathematical Ethics

  • Genetic Ethics

  • Summary


Contents1
Contents

  • Introduction

  • Ethics and the State

  • Effect of DNA Database on Public Safety

  • Genealogical Ethics

  • Mathematical Ethics

  • Genetic Ethics

  • Summary


A murder study
A Murder Study

  • All people murdered in England and Wales in 2009-10 and 2011-12 (the date of the offence is key)

  • Asked each force, for each murder – what did you do forensically?

  • Was it of use to the senior detective in the case?




DNA in Major Crime

Search on

DNA Database

238 Homicides

526 rapes

in 2012-13

Cold Case

Reviews

Familial

Searching

M3 Murder

(First Use)

Damilola

Taylor

Rachel

Nickell

Ipswich

Murders

Sheffield Shoe Rapist


Contents2
Contents

  • Introduction

  • Ethics and the State

  • Effect of DNA Database on Public Safety

  • Genealogical Ethics

  • Mathematical Ethics

  • Genetic Ethics

  • Summary



Family Relations and Profiles

15 18; 6 9; 11 13; 22 22; 31 32.2; 14 17; 17 20; 11 12; 13 16.2; 15 16; M


Paternity Tests

  • Mother

  • 12 18; 5 6; 11 16; 16 22; 30 32.2; 12 14; 20 23; 12 17; 13 14; 15 15;

  • Child

  • 15 18; 6 9; 11 13; 22 22; 31 32.2; 14 17; 17 20; 11 12; 13 16.2; 15 16;

  • Father

  • 14 15; 8 9; 10 13; 22 17; 26 31; 12 17; 17 27; 11 15; 18 16.2; 16 19;

  • Familial Searching



Contents3
Contents

  • Introduction

  • Ethics and the State

  • Effect of DNA Database on Public Safety

  • Genealogical Ethics

  • Mathematical Ethics

  • Genetic Ethics

  • Summary


Random match probabilities
Random Match Probabilities

  • Probability Distribution Curve. In UK it is said less than 1 in a billion chance of matching a person chosen at random.

  • Peak of Curve

  • SGM+ Random Match Probability 1.2x10^-12

  • Newer Techniques (Source STR Base)

  • NGM Random Match Probability 1.85x10^-22

  • Powerplex Random Match Probability 6.58x10^-29


One in a million rmp
One in a million RMP

Gets worse for higher probabilities

Royal Statistical Society Fundamentals of Probability and Statistical Evidence in Criminal Proceedings Aitken, Roberts and Jackson


Contents4
Contents

  • Introduction

  • Ethics and the State

  • Effect of DNA Database on Public Safety

  • Genealogical Ethics

  • Mathematical Ethics

  • Genetic Ethics

  • Summary


Genomes
Genomes

  • Retention of Genomes / DNA Samples

  • 1995

  • Medical Information

  • Protection of Freedoms Act – 7.7 million destroyed by May 2013

  • Germany, Sweden and Belgium

  • Casework vs Databases


Summary
Summary

  • Ethics and the State

  • Effect of DNA Database on Public Safety

  • Genealogical Ethics

  • Mathematical Ethics

  • Genetic Ethics


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