Autism and Employment. Exploring Opportunities. Autism and Employment . Making It Work. Sometimes job placement for a person with a disability, including autism, is like trying to fit a square peg into a round hole!
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Autism and Employment
Making It Work
Job carving is a method of matching job seeker and employer needs, through finding ways to dissect, disseminate, or go outside the standard existing job descriptions to create employment opportunities.
What is Job Carving?
Where it Begins
Job Carving: The Process
Job carving is generally reserved for individuals who are not likely to succeed, even with support, when going through a typical competitive employment application and interview process.
Job carving is used to accentuate the job seeker’s unique interests, gifts and talents.
Job carving should not be used to pull undesirable tasks from other workers’ duties.
“Job carving should always highlight an employee’s gifts, not the tedious tasks of others.” (Griffin, 1996)
(Sometimes the two may not be at odds with one another.)
Job Carving: The Process
Job carving is a unique process for each individual and each employer.
The steps to job carving include:
Exposing the dreams, interests, gifts, and talents of the job seeker to the employer.
Search for employment opportunities that utilize, or highlight the interests, gifts, and talents of the job seeker.
Complete a job analysis in order to determine task sequencing, natural supports, tasks that may require additional instruction, modification, alternative methods, or that may need to be done in partnership with another worker
How is it done?…cont.
Negotiate with the employer, highlighting the individual’s contributionto the workplace and offer a reasonable and understandable re-arrangement of work tasks in order to employ the individual. Negotiate with the assumption that the applicant and the employer both have common desires: one person wants to work and the other needs someone to work.
Provide on-going long-term support to the employer and
Review and Conclusion
Mental retardation (70-80% reported during time when only severe cases came under clinical attention, common but not requirement, may be result of sensory integration errors, new HFA population
should cause re-evaluation of this statistic)
Autism Is NOT...
Savant skill (1-10% have unusual talent with a particular skill or subject)
"Rain Man", the movie with actor Dustin Hoffman (a specific example, not a generalization, but a good reminder that adults can be autistic)
Violent outbursts or complete withdrawal (possible frustration/ overload response, rarely a
spontaneous unprovoked action)
Emotional impairment (feelings exist! although occurrence may be different)
Frequently encountered experiences:
Autistic Strengths Reviewed For the Workplace:
Autistic Weaknesses reviewed for the workplace:
Even at its best, autism may still offer these weaknesses:
Social Concessions cont…
$$$ What may it cost the employer? $$$
Added Value = Big $$$!
We have to change our way of thinking and focus
Regarding education and adult services for people with disabilities…