Vocational needs of disabled persons in the context of quality of life. Joanna Kossewska Pedagogical University of Krakow Department of Psychology. medical model. The Medical Model of disability and its associations (adapted from Harris and Enfield, 2003, p. 172).
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Vocational needs of disabled persons in the context of quality of life
PedagogicalUniversity of Krakow
Department of Psychology
The Medical Model of disability and its associations (adapted from Harris and Enfield, 2003, p. 172)
The Social Model of disability and its associations (adapted from Harris and Enfield, 2003, p. 172)
The Rights-based Model and its associations
1. social well-being enjoyed by people, communities and their society. (Bach & Rioux)
2. objective and subjective, involving material well-being, health, productivity, intimacy, safety, community and emotional well-being.(Cummins).
3. The discrepancy between a person’s unmet needs and desires. (Brown,Bayer & Macfarlane)
3. experienced when a person’s basic needs are met and when he or she has the opportunity to pursue and achieve goals in major life settings.(Goode)
Fig. 1. Bioecological Model of Human Development (Santrock 2007)
All the above concepts can be applied
to the family with a member with disability
International Family Quality of Life Survey (FQoL)
Respondent: Mean Age = 49yrs Age Range = 32-77 // Child: Mean Age = 15yrs Age Range = 2-41
Respondent: Mean Age = 40yrs Age Range = 27-60 // Child: Mean Age =7.6yrs Age Range =2-13
Autism (n=18) Mean Age: 7.78 yrs Age Range: 6-13
Down (n=33) Mean Age: 7.55 yrs Age Range: 2-12
Parent: Mean age =37.9 Age range =26-58 // Child: Mean age = 5.4 Age Range = Child 1-14
Parent: Mean age =37.7 Age Range =21-51 // Child Mean age =8.4 Age Range = 4-18
Inhabitants from Eastern Countries have lower QOL then from Western
General pattern is reserved.
Families of autistic children - the lowest results in: Support from others, career, community and civil involvement.
family relations -support and successful copying
the lowest QOL results were found in the
Career and career preparation dimension – vocational needs are unsatisfied in families with a member with disability, especially those with autism, as well as in Eastern Countries.
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