Aftermath of ww2
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Aftermath of WW2. Roots of the Cold War. Post-WW2 Realities. Devastation Europe, Japan, China, USSR destroyed Refugees, orphans, homeless, hunger, sick Holocaust Nazi inhumanity >> Nuremberg Trials “ Crimes Against Humanity ” + “ War Crimes ” Occupation

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Aftermath of WW2

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Aftermath of ww2

Aftermath of WW2

Roots of the Cold War


Post ww2 realities

Post-WW2 Realities

  • Devastation

    • Europe, Japan, China, USSR destroyed

    • Refugees, orphans, homeless, hunger, sick

  • Holocaust

    • Nazi inhumanity >> Nuremberg Trials

    • “Crimes Against Humanity” + “War Crimes”

  • Occupation

    • USSR occupies Eastern part of Europe

    • US occupies Japan

    • US-GB-F occupy Western Germany + Austria


Occupation zones

Occupation Zones


United nations un

United Nations (UN)

  • 4/45 created in SF >> NYC

  • UN Charter sets up

  • Purpose:

    • Maintain peace & collective security

    • Promote co-operation

    • Protect human rights

    • Provide global assistance


Usa ussr breakup why

USA-USSR Breakup: Why?

  • US & USSR emerge as “superpowers”

    • US A-bomb ’45 >> USSR A-bomb ‘49

  • Different experiences = Mistrust:

    • US unharmed + late counterattack in West + $$

    • USSR destroyed + high death rate + no $$

  • Different goals:

    • US: Promote democracy, Free trade

      • Strong Germany as ally

    • USSR: Promote communism, buffer zone, status

      • Weak Germany, neutral


1940s tensions responses

USSR > initiates communist revolt in Greece/Turkey

USSR remains in Eastern Europe with no Free Elections as promised, strips G of resources

Berlin Blockade ’48, cuts off Berlin

NATO formed ‘49

Truman Doctrine = US to “contain” communism > G/T aid

W. Germany created +

Marshall Plan = US aid to rebuild Europe, US biz ↑↑ $$

Berlin Airlift ’48-’49 = Operation Vittles

Warsaw Pact ‘55

1940s Tensions >> Responses


Berlin blockade berlin airlift

Berlin Blockade >> Berlin Airlift


Nato 49 vs warsaw pact 55

NATO ’49 vs. Warsaw Pact ‘55


The result

The Result?

  • Cold War

    • High tension between US – USSR 1945 - 1992

    • Global alignment & division

      • Blocs: Economic & Political alliances

      • Non-Aligned nations: India

    • No direct US – USSR war but…

      • Indirect War thru “proxy”:

        • China, Korea, Vietnam, Middle East, Africa, Central America

      • Indirect War thru “propaganda”

        • Film, Books, TV, Radio, Sports (Olympics)

      • Indirect War thru espionage

        • CIA vs. KGB, “intelligence gathering”


A world divided in late 20 th c

A World Divided in Late 20th C.

China turns Communist in 1949 under Mao Zedong


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