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Persian Gulf & Interior. Answers to Packet. #1. #2. What three themes are reflected on the region’s politics and concerns for the future? Oil wealth, preserving the authority of traditional leaders, the role of Islam in a modernizing world. #3 & #4.

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persian gulf interior
Persian Gulf & Interior

Answers to Packet

  • What three themes are reflected on the region’s politics and concerns for the future?
  • Oil wealth, preserving the authority of traditional leaders, the role of Islam in a modernizing world
#3 & #4
  • Place the following peoples in chronological order from earliest to latest: Akkadians, British and Russians, Mongols, Ottoman Turks, Safavids, Sumerians
  • Sumerians, Akkadians, Persians, Mongols, Safavids, Ottoman Turks, British and Russians
  • What is a theocracy? Which country has one? What problems might this cause?
  • A country governed by religious law; Iran; people who don’t follow that religion
#5 & #6
  • What is the Taliban? Where are they? What do they do?
  • Extremist Sunni Muslims who were in power in Afghanistan; destroyed statues of other religions, limit women’s rights
  • How does OPEC influence oil prices?
  • By controlling supply; reducing or increasing oil production, it can affect economies of countries around the world
#7 & #8
  • What type of agriculture is most likely to be practiced here?
  • Subsistence
  • Describe the Bedouins
  • Nomadic herders who live in dry lands; move with herds in a regular patterns based on the seasons
  • n way of life.
#9 & #10
  • What countries are found on the Arabian Peninsula other than Saudi Arabia?
  • Bahrain, Kuwait, Oman, Qatar, UAE, Yemen
  • Which country in this region is landlocked? What does that mean?
  • Afghanistan; it does not have access to the sea or an ocean
11 13
#11 & #13
  • What are exotic rivers? Give two examples. What is the name of the region they form?
  • Rivers that begin in humid region then flow across dry areas; Tigris & Euphrates; Mesopotamia
  • What are among the hottest places in the world?
  • Lowlands of Saudi Arabia along the Persian Gulf
14 15
#14 & #15
  • Describe the vegetation in this region with three facts.
  • Lowlands of Saudi Arabia along the Persian Gulf
  • Give four examples of different animals found in this region.
  • Gazelles, wild goats, hyenas, leopards, lions, tigers, wild camels, donkeys, lizards, poisonous snakes
16 17
#16 & #17
  • What kind of climates dominates this region? What produces humid climates in the region?
  • Hot & dry; orographic effect
  • Why do parts of Saudi Arabia have high temperature variations?
  • Inland areas are very dry; temperature drops quickly at night because dry air losses heat faster than moist air

-Dry climates

-Lack of water

-Clear skies

-Plants adapted to dry conditions

-Humidity at mountain peaks

-Rainfall on mountains

-Trees in mountain ranges


-Bring winter rains

-Cyclonic storms

-Cooler temperatures in highlands

-Resorts in mountains

-Skiing in Iran

19 20
#19& #20
  • What are the region’s two most precious natural resources?
  • Oil & freshwater
  • How can technology expand the region’s supply of freshwater?
  • The desalinization process can make freshwater from seawater
  • Which landforms in the region seem most favorable for human settlement? Which seem least favorable? Why?
  • Where temperatures are more moderates & water more available (highlands or N Iran & T/E river valleys); desert areas without rivers
22 23
#22 & #23
  • Where is the Fertile Crescent?
  • Arc of productive lands north from the gulf through river plains continuing through Turkey to the Mediterranean coast
  • What geographic issues have affect Iraq’s international relations in recent decades.
  • Access to oil and historical claims led Iraq to invade Iran and Kuwait
24 25
#24 & #25
  • Who has the most oil? What fraction on the world’s reserves is controlled by five countries in this region?
  • Saudi Arabia; 63.9%
  • Which resource do you think is more important to the future of Southwest Asia- oil or water? Explain your answer.
  • Water: essential to life and economic activities OR oil: basis of their wealth, best hope for development
26 27
#26 & #27
  • Who is Muhammad? What happened to him? What did he do about it?
  • A prophet who established the religion of Islam because he believed a messenger of God spoke to him
  • What are the two main branches of Islam? How do they differ? Which is more popular?
  • Sunni and Shi’a; belief in who can be an imam- religious leader; Sunni (90%)
28 30
#28- #30
  • How do some of the region’s people maintain their traditional ways of life?
  • Subsistence farming, herding, traditional crafts
  • How do many of the ancient cities in this area operate?
  • Old style 1 or 2 story buildings, narrow twisting streets, open air bazaars, mosques
  • How do the newer cities differ?
  • Modern buildings, air conditioned malls, streets made for cars, high rise apt bldgs., fast food, gas stations
  • Arabs: Largest in region, speak Arabic, Islam
  • Persians: Farsi, dominant in Iran
  • Pashtun: Afghanistan (largest), Pashtu
  • Kurds: Muslims, Iran, Iraq, Syria, & Turkey, related to Farsi, self-rule
32 35
#32- #35
  • Has scarce water supplies?
  • Has large oil deposits?
  • Has had a series of people rule over it?
  • Has diverse cultural groups?