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Java Enums. Why have Choice.Yes and Choice.No ?. Old Way. Enumerated types consist of a set of named values Example: Font has BOLD, ITALIC rather than 1, 2 // From class Font: public static int BOLD = 1; public static int ITALIC = 2;

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Java enums

Java Enums

Why have Choice.Yes and Choice.No?


Old way
Old Way

  • Enumerated types consist of a set of named values

  • Example: Font has BOLD, ITALIC rather than 1, 2

    // From class Font:

    public static intBOLD = 1;

    public static intITALIC = 2;

  • It's easier to remember Font.BOLD than 1

  • Font.BOLDin action

    JButton button = new JButton("Courier 24 point Bold");

    button.setFont(new Font("Courier", 24, Font.BOLD));


An int is an int
An int is an int

  • private static ints are also know as "glorified integers"

  • This can lead to problems

    • Can you read the text in the button with a point size of 1?

  • Since Font.BOLD is just an int you can pass in any other int value, like 2314

  • And since the style Font.BOLD is compatible with point size (both int type parameters), you get one (1) point font like above

  • Swap the arguments to get what was intended see next slide


Would be nice to have different type
Would be nice to have different type

  • Since Font.BOLD is just an int, you can pass in any other int value, like 2314 or -123

  • And since the style Font.BOLD is compatible with point size (both int type parameters), you get one (1) point font like above

  • Swap the arguments to get what was intended

    button.setFont(new Font("Courier",24, Font.BOLD));

    button.setFont(new Font("Courier", Font.BOLD, 24));


New way
New Way

  • Use the Java enum type like this

    public enumFontStyle{BOLD, ITALIC};

  • The previous attempt to construct a Font would preferable be a compile-time error

  • With an enum type, we get an improved constructor

    public Font(String name, FontStyle style, intsize)


An enum used in gametree
An Enum used in GameTree

  • playerSelectedusing a String parameter could result in code like this

    public void playerSelected(String yesOrNo) {

    if (yesOrNo.equals("Yes"))

    ; // go left

    else if (yesOrNo.equals("No"))

    ; // go right

    else

    JOptionPane.showMessageDialog(null,

    "Contact vendor!");

    }

    • Just hope the user never types "Y", "yes" or "y"

      • and the programmer used equals, not ==


Must use a choice argument
Must use a Choice argument

  • Here is the actual design of playerSelected

    /**

    * Ask the game to update the current node by going left for

    * Choice.yes or right for Choice.no Example code:

    * theGame.playerSelected(Choice.Yes);

    *

    * @paramyesOrNo

    */

    public voidplayerSelected(Choice yesOrNo) {

    if(yesOrNo == Choice.Yes)

    ; // go left

    if (yesOrNo== Choice.No)

    ; // go right

    }


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