Alexander the Great
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Alexander the Great. Section 3 Overview. This section discusses Alexander the Great, his wide-reaching empire, and how his conquest spread Hellenism throughout southwest Asia. Alexander the Great. Locating Places. Macedonia ( MA ·suh·DOH·nee·uh ) . Chaeronea ( KEHR ·uh·NEE·uh) .

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Alexander the Great

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Alexander the Great

Section 3 Overview

This section discusses Alexander the Great, his wide-reaching empire, and how his conquest spread Hellenism throughout southwest Asia.


Alexander the Great

Locating Places

  • Macedonia (MA·suh·DOH·nee·uh)

  • Chaeronea (KEHR·uh·NEE·uh) 

  • Syria (SIHR·ee·uh) 

  • Alexandria (A·lihg·ZAN·dree·uh) 

Meeting People

  • Philip II 

  • Alexander the Great


Alexander the Great

Building Your Vocabulary

  • legacy (LEH·guh·see) 

  • Hellenistic Era (HEH·luh·NIHS·tihk) 


Alexander the Great

Macedonia Attacks Greece

  • Macedonia was a powerful kingdom that lay north of Greece.

  • Philip II needed to unite Greece with Macedonia to defeat the Persian Empire. 

  • After training a vast army, Philip began taking over the Greek city-states.


Alexander the Great

Macedonia Attacks Greece

  • A lawyer named Demosthenes tried to warn the Athenians about Philip, but it was too late.

  • The Macedonians defeated the Greeks at the Battle of Chaeronea. 

  • After this battle, Philip controlled all of Greece.


Alexander the Great

Alexander Builds an Empire

  • Alexander the Great became king of Macedonia after his father, Philip, died.

  • Alexander began his conquest of the Persian Empire in 334 B.C. with the Battle of Granicus. 

  • Alexander’s forces destroyed the Persian forces. 

  • A year later, Alexander defeated the Persian army at Issus and freed the Greek cities in Asia Minor.


Alexander the Great

Alexander Builds an Empire

  • He then captured Syria and Egypt.

  • Alexander built the city of Alexandria as the center of business. 

  • It became one of the most important cities in the ancient world. 

  • Alexander continued his conquest of the Persian Empire by fighting in modern Pakistan, India, and Iran.


Alexander the Great

Alexander Builds an Empire

  • In 323 B.C., Alexander planned to invade southern Arabia, but he became ill and died.

  • A legacy is what a person leaves behind when he or she dies. 

  • Alexander’s legacy is his skill and daring. 

  • Alexander’s conquests marked the beginning of the Hellenistic Era.


Alexander the Great

Alexander Builds an Empire

The lighthouse of Alexandria was one of the Seven Wonders of the Ancient World. A fire in its tall tower guided ships into harbor.


Alexander the Great

Alexander Builds an Empire

  • This was a time when Greek language and ideas spread to non Greek areas of southwest Asia.

  • After Alexander’s death, his generals fought for power, and Alexander’s empire ended. 

  • Four kingdoms emerged in its place. 

  • Government business in the four kingdoms was conducted in the Greek language.


Alexander the Great

Alexander Builds an Empire

  • People who did not speak Greek could not hold government jobs.

  • This helped the Greeks maintain control. 

  • New cities were created in the Hellenistic Era, and these cities needed architects, engineers, and philosophers. 

  • The rulers of the four kingdoms sent Greek colonists to southwest Asia to help build the cities. In this way, Greek culture spread.


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