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The. Present. Simple. When to use?. To tell about facts which are always true. To tell about regular actions. For example: The sun always rises in the east. To tell about habits. For example: I drink coffee every morning. For example: Tamar washes her teeth 3 times a day.

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slide1

The

Present

Simple

slide2

When to use?

  • To tell about facts which are always true.
  • To tell about regular actions.

For example: The sun always rises in the east.

  • To tell about habits.

For example: I drink coffee every morning.

For example: Tamar washes her teeth 3 times a day.

slide3

The Subject

We divide all pronouns and subjects into 2 groups:

Singular (יחיד)

I + Plural (רבים)

He

I

She

We

They

It

Tomer

You

The boy

The children

Mother

Tamar and I

slide4

The Verb

We divide the verbs into 2 groups:

Verb + s, es, ies

Verb

goes

go

watches

watch

cries

cry

plays

play

slide5

Spelling Rules

1. In general,the third person singular is formed by adding an s

to the base verb.

I work He works

2. Verbs ending in ss,x,ch,sh,o add “es” to the third person singular.

I dress She dresses

You fix He fixes

We watch She watches T.V.

They wash She washes

The boys go It goes !

3. Verbs ending in consonant + y, changes the y toiand add “es”:

I cry – He cries, We fly – She flies,

You terrify - It terrifies

slide7

Helping Verbs

Some sentences in the Present Simple must be written with the use of helping verbs. These verbs are: do / does

  • We use the helping verbs :
  • In negative sentences: do not does not
  • In yes /no questions: Do they…? Does she…?
  • In wh questions: Why do you…? Where does she…?

Very Important!

When we use do / does the verb comes in the base form:

He works He doesn’t work

She washes She doesn’t wash

slide8

Negative Sentences

In order to form negative sentences we use the helping verbs: does not (doesn’t) or do not (don’t)

slide11

Wh Subject Question

This is the only type of question in which:

  • We do not use the helping verb do / does
  • The verb will come with the s, es, ies

For example:

  • Who goes to work every day?

Mothergoes to work every day.

  • What makes so much noise?

The fridge makes so much noise.

slide12

Time Expressions

  • One - word time expressions such as:

always, often, generally, usually, normally, never, sometimes

Will always come between the subject and the verb.

He always gets to school on time.

  • More-than-one –word time expressions such as:

every day, once a week, on Sundays, in the summer

Will come at the beginning or the end of the sentence

Dvir visits his grandma on Saturdays.

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