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Philips Nat.Lab. Introduction 1) The Research Department in Context, 2) The Birth of Industrial Research Laboratories, 3) Philips Nat.Lab.’s Knowledge Management Discussion. The Philips Company. The start of Philips in Eindhoven 1891. The Philips Company. The Philips Company.

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Philips Nat.Lab.

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Philips nat lab

Philips Nat.Lab.

Introduction

1) The Research Department in Context,

2) The Birth of Industrial Research Laboratories,

3) Philips Nat.Lab.’s Knowledge Management

Discussion


The philips company

The Philips Company

The start of Philips in Eindhoven 1891


The philips company1

The Philips Company


The philips company2

The Philips Company


The philips company3

The Philips Company

The expansion and diversification in the 1900 - 1920


The philips company4

The Philips Company

Philips Idezet Radio Tube


The philips company5

The Philips Company

Radio as a commercial product – 1927


The philips company6

The Philips Company


The industrial research laboratory

The Industrial Research Laboratory

The historical context of scientific Research Institutes

Francis Bacon’s (1627) ideal:

- science as servant of society in Salomo’s House (Nova Atlantis)

- knowledge is power

Industrial Research Instituties:

  • science and technology as a siametic twin,

  • fundamental research versus applied research.


The birth of university research labs

The birth of University Research Labs

Johannes van der Waals

Heike Kamerlingh Onnes

Liquidization of Helium (~ 1905)


The birth of industrial research labs

The birth of Industrial Research Labs

  • Scientific Research in Industry:

  • At the end of the nineteenth century: invention changed from an individual act into an outcome of an organizational process. Teamwork became important.

  • - Big industrial labs emerged around 1900:

  • GE, Bell, Kodak, Siemens, Philips Nat.Lab.,

  • patents (outcome of scientific research) as market instruments,

  • scientists in servant of capitalism?

  • (Knowledge) Management problem.


Science technology the researcher and the institute

Science, technology: the researcher and the institute

Thomas Edison in his lab


The industrial research laboratory1

The Industrial Research Laboratory

Definition of an industrial research department:

‘…set apart from production facilities, staffed by people trained in science and advanced engineering who work toward deeper understandings of corporate-related science and technology, and who are organized and administered to keep them somewhat insulated from immediate demands yet responsive to long-term company needs’ (Reich, 1985).

Its importance:

The greatest invention of the nineteenth century was the invention of the method of invention (Whitehead).


Philips nat lab1

Philips Nat.Lab.

Period 1914 – 1945, director Gilles Holst.

- humble start as a small organization,

- diversification and organizational growth,

- ‘Knowledge Management’.


Nat lab research and products

Nat.Lab. Research and Products


Nat lab products

Nat.Lab. Products

Penthode tube

Metalix tube


Philips nat lab2

Philips Nat.Lab.

  • The Nat.Lab. Under Holst

  • Early period (1914 – 1923)

  • Patent Law, 1910,

  • Hybrid character with respect to types of work,

  • Small population,

  • Organizational growth after 1923 due to the companies diversification strategy.


  • Philips nat lab3

    Philips Nat.Lab.

    • The Nat.Lab. under Holst

    • Period 1923 – 1946

  • Enabling Philips’ diversification program,

  • Increase of means,

  • Formal management with informal aspects,

  • ORCO meetings, R&D networks.


  • Knowledge management at the philips nat lab

    Knowledge Management at the Philips Nat.Lab.

    • K.M. at the Nat.Lab. on three levels:

    • the individual researchers,

    • groupwork,

    • organizational embeddedness.


    Philips nat lab4

    R&D Knowledge Management on Three Levels

    Individual researcher

    professional scientists with colloquia and notebooks in a growing academic culture, increasing importance of scientific activities, R&D leadership.

    Groups inside the laboratory

    diversification of products and (selection of) research groups, group responsibilities, protocols for innovation patterns.

    Organizatio-nal embedded-ness

    participation in committees with other departments in the company and the upper management, contacts with universities for personnel and knowledge exchange, standardization activities, participation within R&D networks.

    Philips Nat.Lab.


    Successful scientific research teamwork and products

    Successful scientific research: teamwork and products

    Shockley, Bardeen and Brattain: the invention of the transistor at the Bell labs.


    First period embedded

    First Period: Embedded

    • A small Institute as a servant for the company with Holst as director:

    • Anton Philips as dominant company leader,

    • diversification and internationalization,

    • - publications and patents.


    Second period isolated

    Second Period: Isolated

    • A famous international research institute with Casimir as director:

    • science as the endless frontier,

    • growing company and lab with formal structure,

    • fundamental research and scientific freedom,

    • - isolated from production, bad communication.


    Hendrik casimir

    Hendrik Casimir


    Booming science at philips

    Booming Science at Philips

    Philips Cyclotron


    Third period contracted

    Third Period: Contracted

    • Closely connected to the Company with Pannenborg as director:

    • economic crisis, bad sides of industries (environmental polution),

    • contract research (2/3 of the budget), free research (1/3 of the budget),

    • technology roadmaps.


    The philips nat lab

    The Philips Nat.Lab.

    • An industrial research laboratory as a paradox:

    • an investment in uncertainty,

    • organizational context:

    • - entrepreneurial behavior,

      • scientific research as a promising investment.


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