Philips Nat.Lab. Introduction 1) The Research Department in Context, 2) The Birth of Industrial Research Laboratories, 3) Philips Nat.Lab.’s Knowledge Management Discussion. The Philips Company. The start of Philips in Eindhoven 1891. The Philips Company. The Philips Company.
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1) The Research Department in Context,
2) The Birth of Industrial Research Laboratories,
3) Philips Nat.Lab.’s Knowledge Management
The start of Philips in Eindhoven 1891
The expansion and diversification in the 1900 - 1920
Philips Idezet Radio Tube
Radio as a commercial product – 1927
The historical context of scientific Research Institutes
Francis Bacon’s (1627) ideal:
- science as servant of society in Salomo’s House (Nova Atlantis)
- knowledge is power
Industrial Research Instituties:
Johannes van der Waals
Heike Kamerlingh Onnes
Liquidization of Helium (~ 1905)
Thomas Edison in his lab
Definition of an industrial research department:
‘…set apart from production facilities, staffed by people trained in science and advanced engineering who work toward deeper understandings of corporate-related science and technology, and who are organized and administered to keep them somewhat insulated from immediate demands yet responsive to long-term company needs’ (Reich, 1985).
The greatest invention of the nineteenth century was the invention of the method of invention (Whitehead).
Period 1914 – 1945, director Gilles Holst.
- humble start as a small organization,
- diversification and organizational growth,
- ‘Knowledge Management’.
R&D Knowledge Management on Three Levels
professional scientists with colloquia and notebooks in a growing academic culture, increasing importance of scientific activities, R&D leadership.
Groups inside the laboratory
diversification of products and (selection of) research groups, group responsibilities, protocols for innovation patterns.
participation in committees with other departments in the company and the upper management, contacts with universities for personnel and knowledge exchange, standardization activities, participation within R&D networks.
Shockley, Bardeen and Brattain: the invention of the transistor at the Bell labs.