Universities and Admission.
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Psychology can be studied at 44 public universities with 690 psychology professors. Admission depends mainly on final school grades. Institutions can also select through entry exams. Most universities charge no tuition fees. Some states recently introduced a fee of €500 per semester.
About 30.000 students are enrolled as psychology majors. About 70-80% of the students are female. Moreover, psychology is often chosen as a minor in combination with a variety of other subjects (e.g., pedagogy, economics, sports). Finally, psychology is a mandatory element of teacher education in Germany. At many universities, teacher students are the largest group, so that several thousand future teachers study at least a minimum of psychology at university.
By now, most universities changed from the diploma degree to bachelor’s and master’s degrees.
Degrees and Curricula
About 55% of psychology professionals work in clinical psychology, 19% in industrial or organisational psychology, 15% in the filed of teaching and research, 5% in forensic psychology, 4% in school psychology, 2% in other fields. According to a survey among psychology graduates, one year after graduation almost all work in their desired psychological field. That means, there is almost no unemployment among psychologists in Germany.
Author contact details:
Prof. Dr. Birgit Spinath, Heidelberg University, Hauptstraße 47-51, 69117 Heidelberg, Germany, e-Mail: [email protected]
Dipl.-Psych. Sebastian Stehle, Heidelberg University, Hauptstraße 47-51, 69117 Heidelberg, Germany, e-Mail: [email protected]