A ir b orne l aser
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A ir B orne L aser. C/3 Jonathan Kim February 13, 2004. OVERVIEW. History AirBorne Laser (ABL) ABL Laser System Conclusion. HISTORY. Edward Teller, world-renowned expert in thermonuclear energy Envisioned large aircraft armed with high-powered lasers KC-135A originally used

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A ir b orne l aser

AirBorne Laser

C/3 Jonathan Kim

February 13, 2004


Overview

OVERVIEW

  • History

  • AirBorne Laser (ABL)

  • ABL Laser System

  • Conclusion


History

HISTORY

  • Edward Teller, world-renowned expert in thermonuclear energy

    • Envisioned large aircraft armed with high-powered lasers

  • KC-135A originally used

    • ALL (Airborne Laser Laboratory)

    • Carbon dioxide dynamic laser

    • Shot down first target – a towed drone – May 2, 1981

    • July 26, 1983 – shot down five sidewinder air-to-air missles

    • Showed that laser mounted aircraft could be a formidable defensive weapon

    • Returned in 1984

      • Viewed as impractical

      • Laser was too bulky; was dependent on external power source; did not generate enough power to be effective at extended ranges

    • After Saddam Hussein started using Scuds at US troops and its allies in Persian Gulf War, concept of air-to-air missile was revitalized

  • Received $1.1 billion contract for development in 1996

  • Boeing 747-400F

  • Flown to Edwards AFB on December 2002 for installments

  • Will be fully operational along with seven other aircraft by 2008


Abl yal 1a

ABL YAL-1A


Airborne laser abl

AirBorne Laser (ABL)

  • Boeing 747-400F

  • Carries

    • COIL Laser

    • Infrared Surveillance

    • High speed target acquisition system

    • High precision laser target tracking beam control system

  • Designed to detect and destroy ballistic missiles in its boost phase of flight immediately after missile is launched

  • Flies at an altitude of 40,000 ft

  • Detection of ballistic missiles

    • First detected by

      reconnaissance system

    • Data transferred to ABL

    • ABL searches and destroys

  • Able to shoot down 20-40 missiles

    before having to re-supply

    hydrogen peroxide


Abl laser system

ABL LASER SYSTEM

  • Killing Laser Beam / Primary Beam (COIL)

    • Chemical Oxygen Iodine Laser

      • Hydrogen peroxide, potassium chloride, chlorine gas, water

      • Number of times more powerful than ALL’s gas dynamic laser

      • Much more compact

      • Internal source power

      • Capable of producing lethal beam over long distance

      • Operates at infrared wavelength of 1.315 microns

    • Located at rear end of fuselage


Abl laser system1

ABL LASER SYSTEM

  • Tracking Illuminating Laser Beams (TILL)

    • Determines target’s range

    • Provies initial information about atmosphere

    • Provides aiming data for primary beam

  • Beacon Illuminating Laser (BILL)

    • Provides data of rapidly changing characteristics of the atmosphere along the path of the laser

    • Gives the laser a “clear” view


Operation

OPERATION


Conclusion

CONCLUSION

  • History

  • ABL

  • ABL

    Laser

    System


Questions

QUESTIONS


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