Addictions
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Addictions. What is Addiction?. “continued involvement with a substance or activity despite its ongoing negative consequences” Donatelle , 2011. pg 192 Classified by APA as a mental disorder

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What is addiction
What is Addiction?

  • “continued involvement with a substance or activity despite its ongoing negative consequences” Donatelle, 2011. pg 192

  • Classified by APA as a mental disorder

  • Addictive behaviours produce a sense of pleasure and stability where the individual needs to consume the substance or take part in the behaviour to feel normal


A new definition
A new definition

  • "a primary, chronic disease of brain reward, motivation, memory and related circuitry.“

  • The American society of Addiction Medicine

  • (August 16, 2011). Addiction is a brain disease, experts declareLos Angeles Times Accessed August 26, 2011. ^The Definition of AddictionAmerican Society of Addiction Medicine. Accessed August 26, 2011.


4 common symptoms of addictions
4 common symptoms of addictions

  • Compulsion / obsession

  • Loss of control

  • Negative consequences

  • Denial


Addictive behaviour
Addictive behaviour

  • Physiological dependence

  • Tolerance

  • Withdrawal

  • Psychological dependence


Addictions1
Addictions

  • Drug Addictions

    • Alcohol

    • Tobacco

    • Cannabis

  • Behavioural Addictions

    • Gambling

    • Pornography

    • Food

    • Shopping

    • Technologies


Addictive behaviours
Addictive Behaviours

  • Compulsive gambling

  • Compulsive spenders

  • http://www.youtube.com/watch?v=zBynYcy4KPY&feature=related

  • Exercise addiction

    • Muscle dysmorphia

    • http://www.youtube.com/watch?v=VCVM8gYb5ag


Gambling
Gambling

  • Between 10,000 and 60,000 of adults have gambling problems in New Zealand.

  • 10,000 NZ’ers engaged in illegal activities because of their gambling.

  • Over 74,000 NZer’s suffer from inferior mental health because of gambling.

  • 10% of the adult population are regular gamblers

  • 1 in 6 NZ’ers say a family member has gone without something they needed or a bill has gone unpaid because of gambling.


  • Pokie machines are the most harmful form of gambling in NZ

  • A 2009 Ministry of Health study shows that pokie machines are concentrated in the most vulnerable communities.

  • The social costs of gambling are out of proportion to the numbers of problem gamblers

  • Every person with a gambling problem affects 5-10 other people


Addictive behaviours1
Addictive behaviours

  • Technology addictions

    • Facebook

    • cell phone

    • Gaming

    • Disregard for health, sleep, study, work, social relationships

    • http://www.youtube.com/watch?v=fEkqBPdcCNE


Food addiction
food addiction

  • Food addiction can also include eating disorders such as anorexia, bulimia, and binge eating disorder which include extreme emotions, attitudes, and behaviors surrounding weight and food issues. Eating disorders and food addiction are serious emotional and physical problems that can have life-threatening consequences for females and males.


Drug misuse and drug abuse
Drug Misuse and Drug Abuse

  • Misuse = using a drug for a purpose for which it wasn’t intended

  • Abuse = excessive use of a drug


Why drug abuse
Why drug abuse?

  • Human need to alter our consciousness or mental state

  • Need to escape the normal

  • Drugs physical resembele the chemicals produced naturally within the body


How drugs affect the brain
How Drugs Affect the Brain

  • Brain wired for pleasure

  • All addictive drugs activate the brain’s pleasure circuit

  • Psychoactive drugs alter the chemical neurotransmission – enagnacing or suppressing


Types of drugs
Types of Drugs

  • Prescription

  • OTC Drugs

  • Recreational Drugs

  • Herbal preparations

  • Illicit / illegal drugs


Routes of administartion
Routes of Administartion

  • Oral ingestion – reaches the bloodstream in 30 mins

  • Inhalation – sniffing, smoking

  • Injection – IV the fastest route – takes seconds

  • Topically – on the skin e.g. nicotine patch


Recreational drugs
Recreational Drugs

  • The prevalence of having used drugs for recreational purposes in the last 12 months

    was highest for the following drugs:

  • • cannabis (14.6%)

  • • BZP party pills (5.6%)

  • • ecstasy (2.6%)

  • • amphetamines (2.1%)

  • • LSD and other synthetic hallucinogens (1.3%). MOH, 2010


Common drugs of abuse stimulants
Common Drugs of AbuseStimulants

  • Cocaine

  • Amphetamines

  • Methamphetamine

  • Caffeine

  • marijuana


Common drugs of abuse depressants
Common Drugs of AbuseDepressants

  • Alcohol

  • Opioids

  • Benzodiazepines & barbiturates

  • GHB

  • Hallucinogens

  • Inhalants

  • Anabolic steroids


Treatment for addictions
Treatment for Addictions

  • Harm reduction Strategies

  • Capri Trust

    • Residential support

    • 12 step support group

    • Medical detoxification

  • Addictions Treatment Auckland

    • Psychotherapy

    • Counselling


What can i do if i think someone i know is addicted
What can I do if I think someone I know is addicted?

  • Talk about your concerns with a drug and alcohol professional, other concerned family members, or friends.

  • Find out what resources and support services are available.

  • Choose an appropriate time to talk with the person

    concerned and explain how you feel about what is going on.

  • Negotiate a set of guidelines for their behaviour with agreed consequences if the guidelines are broken.

  • .



Help support
Help & Support

  • DARE - Drug Abuse Resistance Education

  • FADE - Foundation for Alcohol and Drug Education

  • New Zealand Drug Foundation

    • alcohol drug helpline 0800 787 797gambling helpline 0800 654 655

  • www.adanz.org.nz


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