slide1
Download
Skip this Video
Download Presentation
Intraseasonal variations Sensitivity experiments Alice Grimm - Silvina Solman Pablo Reyes

Loading in 2 Seconds...

play fullscreen
1 / 16

Intraseasonal variations Sensitivity experiments Alice Grimm - Silvina Solman Pablo Reyes - PowerPoint PPT Presentation


  • 95 Views
  • Uploaded on

SIMULATION OF THE MONSOON SEASON IN SOUTH AMERICA DURING EXTREME PHASES OF ENSO: 1997-1998 AND 1998-1999. Intraseasonal variations Sensitivity experiments Alice Grimm - Silvina Solman Pablo Reyes. ICTP, Workshop on the Theory and Use of Regional Climate Models, 26 May – 6 June 2003.

loader
I am the owner, or an agent authorized to act on behalf of the owner, of the copyrighted work described.
capcha
Download Presentation

PowerPoint Slideshow about ' Intraseasonal variations Sensitivity experiments Alice Grimm - Silvina Solman Pablo Reyes' - agostino-kearns


An Image/Link below is provided (as is) to download presentation

Download Policy: Content on the Website is provided to you AS IS for your information and personal use and may not be sold / licensed / shared on other websites without getting consent from its author.While downloading, if for some reason you are not able to download a presentation, the publisher may have deleted the file from their server.


- - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - E N D - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - -
Presentation Transcript
slide1

SIMULATION OF THE MONSOON SEASON IN SOUTH AMERICADURING EXTREME PHASES OF ENSO: 1997-1998 AND 1998-1999

Intraseasonal variations

Sensitivity experiments

Alice Grimm - Silvina Solman

Pablo Reyes

ICTP, Workshop on the Theory and Use of Regional Climate Models, 26 May – 6 June 2003

motivation
MOTIVATION
  • The monsoon season is the peak rainy season in most of South America.
  • Anomalies that are strong and consistent during shorter periods within the season are smoothed out in a seasonal analysis.
  • There are significant intraseasonal changes in the ENSO impacts possibly due to regional processes that are best represented in regional models.
  • The climate forecast for the monsoon season needs improvement and higher temporal resolution.
domain and topography
Domain and topography

Resolution: 100 km

experiments
EXPERIMENTS

a) Seasonal runs to examine the intraseasonal variationsCumulus convection scheme: Grell, with Fritsch and Chappell convective closureassumption.ENC - 16 Oct 1997 to 02 Mar 1998LNC - 16 Oct 1998 to 02 Mar 1999b) Short runs to test the cumulus convection schemesPeriod: 16 Dec 1997 to 02 Feb 1998ENJ/Grell - FC: Grell scheme, with Fritsch-Chappell convective closure assumption.ENJ/Grell - AS: Grell scheme, with Arakawa-Schubert convective closure assumption.ENJ/KUO: Anthes-Kuo scheme.

conclusions
Conclusions

SEASONAL RUNS & INTRASEASONAL VARIATIONS

  • Although the rainfall maxima are not always in the right places, a seasonal evolution is evident in the simulation, as is the intraseasonalreversal of the rainfall anomalies in certain regions, mainly between South and Southeast Brazil.
  • In November of EN and LN year, when remote influences are larger, rainfall is well reproduced. During December and January rainfall is reasonably represented in the southern regions, but the tropical convection in northwestern SA is missing. In February again the rainfall is better represented, although here is underestimation in northern Brazil. Rainfall maxima are generally shifted southward.
  • The rainfall patterns are consistent with the divergence of the moisture flux. When the precipitation is underestimated, the model shows moisture divergence. There is a tendency for the model to direct moisture flux into southern SA during austral spring and late summer, while in January the moisture flux is directed towards Southeast Brazil.
  • The regional scale circulation features generally observed in November and January of EN and LN years in Southeast Brazil are visible.
  • The sign of the anomalies (differences between the rainfall patterns during EN and LN episodes) is consistent with observations. Furthermore, the reversal of the sign of the anomalies between November and January is captured.
  • The reversal of the temperature anomalies is well represented for November and January, though overestimated in northwestern South America.
conclusions1
Conclusions

SHORT RUNS & SENSITIVITY TO CUMULUS CONVECTION

SCHEMES

  • It is worth mentioning that there are differences between the CRU data set and the station data from Brazil.
  • There are not great differences between the rainfall patterns obtained for different starting dates.
  • The cumulus convection scheme that best represents the entire observed rainfall field is Grell with Arakawa-Schubert closure assumption, because it includes some amount of tropical rainfall, though underestimated. On the other hand, the Kuo scheme better represents the subtropical precipitation, but does not reproduce any tropical precipitation.
ad