India and pakistan since independence
Sponsored Links
This presentation is the property of its rightful owner.
1 / 16

INDIA AND PAKISTAN SINCE INDEPENDENCE PowerPoint PPT Presentation


  • 118 Views
  • Uploaded on
  • Presentation posted in: General

INDIA AND PAKISTAN SINCE INDEPENDENCE. PARTITION. NEHRU. FIVE YEAR PLANS SOCIALIST ECONOMY NEUTRAL IN COLD WAR INDIA is a DEMOCRACY Prime minister 1948-1966, when he died. Nehru (1947)>>. Indian Politics. <<Indira Gandhi (1966-77, 80-84). Rajiv Gandhi>> (1984-89). >> Singh (2004-now).

Download Presentation

INDIA AND PAKISTAN SINCE INDEPENDENCE

An Image/Link below is provided (as is) to download presentation

Download Policy: Content on the Website is provided to you AS IS for your information and personal use and may not be sold / licensed / shared on other websites without getting consent from its author.While downloading, if for some reason you are not able to download a presentation, the publisher may have deleted the file from their server.


- - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - E N D - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - -

Presentation Transcript


INDIA AND PAKISTAN SINCE INDEPENDENCE


PARTITION


NEHRU

  • FIVE YEAR PLANS

  • SOCIALIST ECONOMY

  • NEUTRAL IN COLD WAR

  • INDIA is a DEMOCRACY

  • Prime minister 1948-1966, when he died


Nehru (1947)>>

Indian Politics

<<Indira Gandhi (1966-77, 80-84)

Rajiv Gandhi>> (1984-89)

>> Singh (2004-now)


PAKISTAN

  • Originally 2 territories, 1,000 miles apart, speaking 2 unrelated languages

  • West Pakistan Dominated

  • West Pakistan had fertile land in the Indus River system


CREATION OF BANGLADESH

  • East Pakistan was not well protected and has less representation in National Assembly even though they had more people

  • In 1970s, West Pakistani President Yahya Khan cracked down on politicians in East Pakistan.

  • Over 2,500 E. Pakistanis were killed under “martial law”, (more like terrorism by the state)

  • East Pakistan seceded and became independent with help from India.


BANGLADESH

  • Soon after independence, Bangladesh was hit with massive floods and famine


Pakistan’s Ethnic groups

  • Punjabi: majority ethnic group that dominates politics and army

  • Pashtun: mountain region on the border of Afghanistan; government has little control over them; fierce protectors of their land & guests

  • Sindi: mostly rural, it is dominated by feudal families, like the Bhuttos

  • Baluch: sparsely settled; heroin smuggling is high; very poor


POLITICAL HISTORY

  • Pakistan has alternated between elected democracy and military dictatorship

  • Shown at left: Benazir Bhutto; Below: Asif Ali Zardari


Jinnah (1947)>>

Pakistan Politics

<<Zulfikar Bhutto (1973-77)

Benazir Bhutto>> (1988-90, 93-96)

Sharif (1990-93, 97-99)

Zardari (now)

<< Musharraf (1999-2008)


PAKISTANI INTELLIGENCE SECRETLY AIDED THE TALIBAN IN AFGHANISTAN, AND IN TERROR ATTACKS ON INDIA FROM KASHMIR


MADRASAS


NORTHWEST FRONTIER

Little govt. control over armed semi-nomadic tribes

Osama thought to have hidden here at times…instead he was right out in the open!


THE “ISLAMIC BOMB”

  • Pakistan detonated its first nuclear device in 1998. (India had its 1st in 1974)

  • Shares technology with “ROGUE STATES” LIKE LIBYA, NORTH KOREA, MAYBE OTHERS (Abdul Qadeer Khan)


NUCLEAR CRISIS


  • Login