The Early Recovery and Reconstruction Cluster in Pakistan
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Angelika Planitz UNDP BCPR Shelter Meeting May 2006 PowerPoint PPT Presentation


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The Early Recovery and Reconstruction Cluster in Pakistan - From saving lives to restoring livelihoods -. Angelika Planitz UNDP BCPR Shelter Meeting May 2006. Earthquake of 8 October 2005 Richter scale: 7.6 Affected area: 30,000 sqkm: Azad Jammu Kashmir (AJK)

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Angelika Planitz UNDP BCPR Shelter Meeting May 2006

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Angelika planitz undp bcpr shelter meeting may 2006

The Early Recovery and Reconstruction Cluster in Pakistan- From saving lives to restoring livelihoods -

Angelika Planitz

UNDP BCPR

Shelter Meeting

May 2006


The event

Earthquake of 8 October 2005

Richter scale: 7.6

Affected area: 30,000 sqkm:

Azad Jammu Kashmir (AJK)

North Western Frontier Province (NWFP)

Impacts:

Deaths - over 73,000

Seriously injured – over 69,000

Population affected - 3.5 million

Homes damaged and destroyed – 600,000

Food insecure – 2.3 million

The Event


The early recovery reconstruction cluster

The Early Recovery & Reconstruction Cluster

  • Preparation of revised early recovery component of the Flash Appeal

  • Completion of a multi-sector rapid assessment of early recovery needs

  • Formulation of a government approved UN strategic framework for early recovery to guide programme identification

  • Negotiation and agreement on guiding principles for recovery between UN and key donors/IFIs

  • Main platform to discuss livelihoods, governance, disaster reduction and environment

  • Establishment of sector working groups under the umbrella of the ERRC specializing on livelihoods and housing

  • Preparation of selected sector plans under the ERRA-UN Early Recovery Plan


Overall challenges

Overall Challenges

  • Inconsistent understanding of the Humanitarian Cluster Approach

  • Lack of guidance and tools to implement the cluster approach (ToRs, government role, field level, exit strategies, etc.)

  • Inconsistent understanding of early recovery interventions

  • Sub-ordinate priority assigned to early recovery efforts in the overall humanitarian response


The early recovery framework

The Early Recovery Framework

This framework was formulated with assistance from the UN System to inform and support the national strategy for rehabilitation and reconstruction

Framework Objectives:

  • Augment on-going humanitarian assistance

  • Support spontaneous recovery efforts of the affected population

  • Prepare the ground for sustainable long-term reconstruction

  • Reduce disaster risk in the recovery and re-development process


10 guiding principle for recovery

10 Guiding Principle for Recovery

  • Focus on the most vulnerable

  • Restore capacities to manage recovery

  • Rebuild people’s livelihoods

  • Secure human development gains

  • Reduce disaster risk

  • Engage the private sector & civil society

  • Independence and self-sufficiency

  • Transparency and accountability

  • Subsidiarity and decentralization

  • Coordination and coherent approaches to recocery


Sector specific strategies and interventions

Sector-specific Strategies and Interventions

  • Shelter

  • Employment, livelihoods & agriculture

  • Governance & disaster reduction

  • Environment

  • Education

  • Protection

  • Food & Nutrition

  • Health

  • Water & Sanitation

    Basis for preparing “ERRA-UN Early Recovery Plan”:

    • Concrete programme proposals for mobilizing donor pledges

    • Covers residual relief needs and recovery needs until April 2007


Implementation coordination

Implementation & Coordination

ERRA

- The Earthquake Rehabilitation and Reconstruction Authority -

  • Established in mid-October under the PM’s Office

  • Roles: planning, coordination, monitoring, reporting

  • Majority of recovery activities will be implemented at by provincial and local authorities, home-owners, civil society organizations and the private sector

  • ERRA has set up coordination mechanisms at the provincial and district level that will be integrated with Government’s decision-making architecture.


Global iasc working group on early recovery

Global IASC Working Group on Early Recovery

  • In operation since July 2006

  • Addresses early recovery requirements in natural disaster and conflict settings

  • Capacity analysis and mapping of its 17 member agencies

  • Critical gaps in global capacity for early recovery identified; key areas for 2006 work plan:

    • Strategic planning capacity in 5 priority sectors

    • Tools & methodologies

    • Predictable surge & rapid deployment capacity for early recovery

    • Training

    • Information management systems

    • Knowledge management

    • Financing mechanisms for early recovery

    • Inter-Agency cooperation and agreements


Global iasc working group on early recovery1

Global IASC Working Group on Early Recovery

  • Priority sectors where strategic planning capacity needs particular attention:

    • Livelihoods: ILO/FAO

    • Community drive approaches: UNDP

    • Shelter: UN-HABITAT

    • Basic social services: UNICEF

    • Rule of law: UNDP

    • Disaster risk management and governance: UNDP


Cluster architecture

Cluster Architecture

Conflict Platform

(4Rs, UNDG/ECHA WG on Transition Situations, etc. )

Early Recovery Hub

- Integrated Cluster Working Group -

International Recovery Platform

(IRP, UNDG/ECHA WG)


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