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MODULE 4 Data-Based Decision Making. Training Modules. Outcomes – Module 4. Participants will understand… Progress Monitoring Graphing Data Data-Based Decisions Linking Cases to PS/RtI . PS/RtI - DATA

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Module 4 data based decision making

MODULE 4Data-Based Decision Making



Outcomes module 4
Outcomes – Module 4

  • Participants will understand…

  • Progress Monitoring

  • Graphing Data

  • Data-Based Decisions

  • Linking Cases to PS/RtI


PS/RtI - DATA

The Problem Solving approach is supported by student progress monitoring data that supports data-based decision making throughout the tiers in the RtI process.


Data-Based Decision Making Process

What do we expect all students to know and do?

State Standards

Progress Monitoring Benchmarks

How do we know if students are meeting the expectations?

Screening

Progress Monitoring

Outcome Assessment

Data

  • What do we do if students are not meeting expectations?

Data Compilation

& Analysis

Diagnostic Assessments

Decision Rules about

Problem Solving / Response to Intervention

Fidelity Checks


Why?

“Until you have data as a backup, you’re just another person with an opinion.”

Dr. Perry Gluckman


Components for implementing data based decision making
Components for Implementing Data-Based Decision Making

  • Collaboration between departments/professionals (PLC)

  • Buy in

  • Tier structure in place

  • Problem Solving Model

  • Progress Monitoring

  • Staff Skills

  • Resources


Essential questions
Essential Questions

How BIG is the GAP?

How much TIME do we have to close it?


A review of what we know about rti

A Review of What We Know About RtI


3 cornerstones of rti

Tiered System of Intervention

Data Monitoring and Analysis

Systematic Problem

Solving

3 Cornerstones of RtI

RtI



Tier 1 is delivery of a scientifically based core program with
Tier 1 is Delivery of a Scientifically Based Core Program with...

  • Fidelity

  • Intensity

  • Rigor

  • Accommodations

  • If Done Well, We Expect to Meet the Needs of Most...SomeWill Need More


  • Tier 2 is more
    Tier 2 is “MORE”

    • (More) Time (Core Program +)

    • (More) Explicit Teacher-Led Instruction

    • (More) Scaffolded Instruction

    • (More) Opportunities to Respond with Corrective Feedback

    • (More) Targeted Specific Skills

    • (More) Intensive Motivational Strategies

    • (More) Frequent Progress Monitoring


    Tier 3 is most
    Tier 3 is “MOST”

    • (Most) Time (Core Program + to Greatest Degree Possible)

    • (Most) Explicit Teacher-Led Instruction

    • (Most) Scaffolded Instruction

    • (Most) Opportunities to Respond with Corrective Feedback

    • (Most) Targeted Specific Skills

    • (Most) Intensive Motivational Strategies

    • (Most) Frequent Progress Monitoring


    Match the intervention to the skill deficit student need
    Match the Intervention to the Skill Deficit/Student Need

    • What is the root cause of the problem?

      • Lack of Phonological Awareness

      • Phonics/Decoding/Text Processing

      • Fluency

      • Comprehension

    • Performance deficit or skill deficit?

    • Without a match, student will be practicing skills that are good, but not directly related to what they need to make progress


    Integrating the tiers
    Integrating the Tiers

    • Tier 1 (Core) instruction present at all three levels

    • Purpose of Tier 2 is to improve success in Tier 1

    • Purpose of Tier 3 is to improve success in Tier 1


    Data based decision making
    Data-Based Decision Making

    • Data types used within the RtI model

      Three purposes for assessment within RTI:

      • Screening: identify students at risk for academic difficulty

      • Diagnostic: provide an in-depth, reliable assessment of targeted skills

      • Progress monitoring: determine whether the student is responsive to given instruction

      • Outcome: student demonstrates accepted level of mastery





    Choose a progress monitoring tool
    Choose a Progress Monitoring Tool




    The basics of curriculum based measurement cbm
    The Basics of Curriculum Based Measurement – CBM

    • Monitors progress throughout the school year

    • Measures at regular intervals

    • Uses data to determine goals

    • Provides parallel and brief measures

    • Displays data graphically


    Cbm resources
    CBM Resources

    • FAIR Tool Kit

    • InterventionCentral.Org

    • EasyCBM.com



    Graphic display
    Graphic Display

    • Current Level of Performance (Baseline)

    • Desired Level of Performance (Goal)

    • Aim Line-Desired Rate of Improvement

    • Trend Line-Actual Rate of Improvement

    • Time to Goal


    Graph components

    Instructional Change Line

    Goal

    Aim Line

    Skill

    equal

    increments

    Trend Line

    Time - equal increments

    Graph Components

    Intervention

    (Group or Individual)

    Baseline


    Making Decisions:

    Using Data

    to

    Move Between Tiers


    Data based decision making1

    Intensive Intervention

    Decision rules

    Supplementary Intervention

    Decision rules

    General Instruction

    Data-Based Decision Making

    Should this student move to Tier 3?

    Should this student move to Tier 2?

    Intensity of Intervention


    Apply decision rules
    Apply Decision Rules…

    • Is rate of progress acceptable?

    • If not, why and what should we do about it?

      • Frequency and amount of intervention

      • Instructional strategy

      • Opportunity for practice and application

      • Other factors?

    • Choices- try another intervention, modify existing intervention, other?


    Positive

    Questionable

    Poor

    Response to Intervention

    Expected Trajectory

    Performance

    Observed Trajectory

    Time


    Decisions what to do if rti is
    DecisionsWhat to do if RtI is:

    • Positive

      • Continue intervention with current goal

      • Continue intervention with goal increased

      • Fade intervention to determine if student(s) have acquired functional independence.


    Decisions what to do if rti is1
    DecisionsWhat to do if RtI is:

    • Questionable

      • Was intervention implemented as intended?

        • If no - employ strategies to increase implementation integrity

        • If yes -

          • Increase intensity of current intervention for a short period of time and assess impact. If rate improves, continue. If rate does not improve, return to problem solving.


    Decisions what to do if rti is2
    DecisionsWhat to do if RtI is:

    • Poor

      • Was intervention implemented as intended?

        • If no - employ strategies in increase implementation integrity

        • If yes -

          • Is intervention aligned with the verified hypothesis? (Intervention Design)

          • Are there other hypotheses to consider? (Problem Analysis)

          • Was the problem identified correctly? (Problem Identification)


    Data based decision making2
    Data-Based Decision Making

    • Is the student’s rate of progress (trend line) less than the expected rate of progress (aim line)?

    • Will the student’s rate of progress (trend line) allow the student to meet identified standard within the specified goal timeline or within a reasonable amount of time?

    • Is the plan able to be maintained in the general education setting?

      • If no, can student maintain rate of progress when interventions are modified or faded?


    Progress monitoring individual student data

    Goal

    Progress Monitoring: Individual Student Data

    Making instructional decisions based on student performance data (always includes graphing)

    Intervention 1

    Intervention 2


    Essential questions1
    Essential Questions

    How BIG is the GAP?

    How much TIME do we have to close it?


    Case Studies:Let’s Practice Using Our

    Data-Based Decision Making Skills…



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