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Copy the following onto Portfolio p40. Federalism – (allow 3 lines for a definition). Lesson 8.3a : Ratifying the Constitution. Today we will evaluate the major debates that took place during the ratification of the Constitution. Vocabulary. evaluate – to decide value or worth of something

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Copy the following onto portfolio p40
Copy the following onto Portfolio p40

Federalism– (allow 3 lines for a definition)


Lesson 8 3a ratifying the constitution

Lesson 8.3a: Ratifying the Constitution

Today we will evaluate the major debates that took place during the ratification of the Constitution.


Vocabulary
Vocabulary

  • evaluate – to decide value or worth of something

  • debate – a discussion or argument

  • ratification – the process of getting official public approval of a new law or policy


Check for understanding
Check for Understanding

  • What are we going to do today?

  • What is something you might evaluate?

  • Why is it often difficult to win a debate with an adult?

  • Why is ratification important in passing a new law?

  • What is a constitution?


What we already know
What We Already Know

In 1787, many Americans still remembered how hard they had to fight to protect their rights from a government that threatened their rights.


What we already know1
What We Already Know

When the Articles of Confederation failed to provide a government strong enough to meet the needs of the country, state delegates met to create a new constitution and a more effective national government.


What we already know2
What We Already Know

Although compromises were crafted on several issues to create a new constitution, the various debates showed that the delegates had strong differences of opinion about how the government should work.


A

B

C

Using your whiteboards, indicate which of the three causes shown above, that you think was the most important reason why people wanted to change the Articles of Confederation.


Track with me
Track with me!

The men who attended the Constitutional Convention and wrote the Constitution are often referred to as ‘the framers of the Constitution.’


The framers suspected that the people might be afraid the Constitution would take too much power away from the states.

James Madison Father of the Constitution


Framers of the Constitution would take too much power away from the states.Constitution explained that it was based on federalism, meaning that the powers of government are shared between the national government and the state governments.


Those who Constitution would take too much power away from the states.supported the Constitution became known as Federalists.

People who opposedthe Constitution were called Anti-Federalists.


What is federalism
What is Constitution would take too much power away from the states.federalism?

Federalism is a system of government in which power is shared between the national government and the state governments.


Track with me1
Track with me: Constitution would take too much power away from the states.

  • Both Federalists and Antifederalists believed that the government was too weak under the Articles of Confederation.

  • But they disagreed over just how much power should be taken from the states and transferred to the national government.


Leading federalists
Leading Federalists Constitution would take too much power away from the states.

Alexander Hamilton

John Jay

James Madison


Leading antifederalists
Leading Antifederalists Constitution would take too much power away from the states.

George Mason Patrick Henry


Federalists and antifederalists disagreed over how strong the national government should be
Federalists Constitution would take too much power away from the states.andAntifederalistsdisagreed over how strong the national government should be.

from textbook page 235


Federalists and antifederalists disagreed over how strong the national government should be1
Federalists Constitution would take too much power away from the states.andAntifederalistsdisagreed over how strong the national government should be.

from textbook page 235


Federalists and antifederalists disagreed over how strong the national government should be2
Federalists Constitution would take too much power away from the states.andAntifederalistsdisagreed over how strong the national government should be.

from textbook page 235


Federalists and antifederalists
Federalists Constitution would take too much power away from the states.andAntifederalists

  • Federalists wanted a strong central government.

  • They wanted the powers of government to be divided between three branches.

  • The Federalists also wanted the executive branch to be strong enough to enforce federal laws in all the states, especially the collection of taxes and tariffs.

A tariff is a tax on imported goods.


Federalists and antifederalists1
Federalists Constitution would take too much power away from the states.andAntifederalists

  • Most Antifederalists were opposed to a strong executive branch, because they thought that a strong president might become a king.

  • Some Antifederalists thought the Senate might become a powerful aristocracy.

An aristocracy is a government ruled by wealthy nobles.


Federalists and antifederalists2
Federalists Constitution would take too much power away from the states.andAntifederalists

  • Antifederalists thought the Constitution took too much power away from the states.

  • They supported states’ rights, which give the states more power than the national government.

  • Antifederalists also were suspicious of the Constitution because it contained no bill of rights.


Get your whiteboards and markers ready
Get your whiteboards and markers ready! Constitution would take too much power away from the states.


17a what was the federalist positions on states rights and a strong central government
17a. Constitution would take too much power away from the states.What was the Federalist positions on states’ rights and a strong central government?

  • Federalists felt the Articles had created a weak government.

  • Federalists believed that power should be shared between the federal government and the states.

  • Federalists thought the Constitution took too much power away from the states.

  • Federalists were suspicious of the Constitution because it contained no bill of rights.

Choose all that are true!


17b what was the antifederalist positions on states rights and a strong central government
17b. Constitution would take too much power away from the states.What was the Antifederalist positions on states’ rights and a strong central government?

  • Antifederalists opposed the Constitution because it did not create a strong executive branch.

  • Antifederalists strongly supported states' rights.

  • Antifederalists thought the Constitution took too much power away from the states.

  • Antifederalists believed a bill of rights should be added to the Constitution.

  • Antifederalists demanded a stronger federal government.

Choose all that are true!


The federalists wrote essays to answer the antifederalists attacks
The Constitution would take too much power away from the states.Federalistswrote essays to answer the Antifederalists’ attacks.

  • These essays – known as The Federalist papers – were written by three well-known politicians: James Madison, Alexander Hamilton, and John Jay.

  • These essays were published in newspapers, so all the people could read them.

  • In The Federalist papers, Federalists appealed to reason and emotion, explaining why people should support ratification.


Most of the Constitution would take too much power away from the states.newspaperssupported the Constitution, which gave the Federalists an advantage during the battle for ratification.

  • Even so, there was strong opposition to ratification in Massachusetts, North Carolina, Rhode Island, New York, and Virginia.

  • If some of these states failed to ratify the Constitution, the United States might not survive.


Get your whiteboards and markers ready1
Get your whiteboards and markers ready! Constitution would take too much power away from the states.


18 what were the federalist papers

18. Constitution would take too much power away from the states. What were The Federalist Papers?


The Constitution would take too much power away from the states.Federalist Papers were a series of essays in support of the Constitution, written by John Jay, James Madison and Alexander Hamilton to give . . .

  • the reasons for their opposition to the Constitution.

  • an interpretation of the Constitution so that the people would support it.

  • reasons why Congress should restore trade with Britain.

  • an explanation why the United States was supporting the revolution in France.


19. Constitution would take too much power away from the states. How did the Federalistsand the Antifederalists try to win support for their sides in the debate over the Constitution?

  • They made personal attacks on the reputations of the men on the other side.

  • They published their views in newspapers, essays, and pamphlets.

  • They appealed to the fears and emotions of the American people.

  • They traveled through the states giving speeches.


20 what advantage did federalists have over antifederalists in the debate over ratification
20. Constitution would take too much power away from the states.What advantage did Federalists have over Antifederalists in the debate over ratification?

  • Most members of the Constitutional Convention were Federalists.

  • Most newspapers supported the Constitution, and gave the Federalists more publicity.

  • Thomas Jefferson, author of the Declaration of Independence, was himself a Federalist.

  • All the political leaders in Virginia were supporters of the Constitution.


Lesson 8 3b ratifying the constitution

Lesson Constitution would take too much power away from the states.8.3b: Ratifying the Constitution

Today we will detail the major objections some people had to the ratification of the Constitution.


Today s vocabulary
Today’s Vocabulary Constitution would take too much power away from the states.

  • detail – to give descriptive facts

  • ratify – to give support or approval for someone else’s decision or action

  • ratification – the process of getting official public approval of a new law or policy

  • bill of rights – formal list of the basic rights of the people


Check for understanding1
Check for Understanding Constitution would take too much power away from the states.

  • What are we going to do today?

  • Would you ratify your parents’ decision to give you a new iPad?

  • How would you express your ratification of that decision?


What we already know3
What We Already Know Constitution would take too much power away from the states.

Delegates at the constitutional convention hammered out a document that they hoped would serve the country well.


What we already know4
What We Already Know Constitution would take too much power away from the states.

Two groups emerged during the convention: Federalists who supported the Constitution and its stronger central government, and the Antifederalists who felt the Constitution took too much power from the states and did not do enough to guarantee the rights of American citizens.


What we already know5
What We Already Know Constitution would take too much power away from the states.

The Federalists and the Antifederalists waged a war of words in every state in an attempt to win public support for their point of view on the new constitution.


Left tell right
LEFT Constitution would take too much power away from the states.tellRIGHT

  • What two groups fought over ratification of the Constitution?

  • Be sure to re-state the question in your response!

RIGHTtellLEFT


The battle for ratification
The Battle for Ratification Constitution would take too much power away from the states.

  • There was strong opposition to ratification in Massachusetts, North Carolina, Rhode Island, New York, and Virginia.

  • If some of these states failed to ratify the Constitution, the United States might not survive.


States began to vote on the new constitution
States began to vote on the new Constitution. Constitution would take too much power away from the states.

  • By June 1788, enough states had voted in favor, and the Constitution was ratified.

  • Virginia, the largest state, had still not ratified it yet, however.


Virginians Constitution would take too much power away from the states.Patrick Henry and George Mason refused to support the Constitution until a bill of rights was added.

James Madison convinced his fellow Virginians to ratify the Constitution by promising to see to it that a bill of rights would be added later.

Eventually, all thirteen states ratified the Constitution.

George Mason

Patrick Henry


Get your whiteboards and markers ready2
Get your whiteboards and markers ready! Constitution would take too much power away from the states.


21 why did george mason and patrick henry oppose the ratification of the constitution
21. Constitution would take too much power away from the states.Why did George Mason andPatrick Henryoppose the ratification of the Constitution?

  • It did nothing to protect slavery.

  • It did not contain a bill of rights.

  • It gave too much power to the states.

  • They were angry about not being invited to the Annapolis Convention.

Patrick Henry

George Mason


Left tell right1
LEFT Constitution would take too much power away from the states.tellRIGHT

  • How did James Madison convince his fellow Virginians to support ratification?

  • Be sure to re-state the question in your response!

RIGHTtellLEFT


Madison helped win ratification
Madison Constitution would take too much power away from the states. helped win ratification.

  • At Virginia’s convention, James Madison suggested that Virginia ratify the Constitution, and he promised to support the addition of a bill of rights.

  • The news of Virginia’s vote convinced New York to join the Union, also calling for a bill of rights.


Madison helped win ratification1
Madison helped win ratification. Constitution would take too much power away from the states.

  • By 1790 North Carolina and Rhode Island ratified the Constitution.

  • By then, the new Congress had already written a bill of rights and submitted it to the states for approval.


The bill of rights
The Constitution would take too much power away from the states.Bill of Rights

  • At the same time that seven of the states ratified the Constitution, they asked that it be amended to include a bill of rights.

  • Supporters of a bill of rights hoped that it would set forth the rights of all Americans.

  • They believed it was needed to protect people against the power of the national government.


The bill of rights1
The Bill of Rights Constitution would take too much power away from the states.

  • Madison, who was elected to the new Congress in the winter of 1789, took up the cause.

  • He proposed a set of changes to the Constitution, and he started with freedom of religion.

  • In the very first amendment, Madison addressed the issue of religious freedom.


Get your whiteboards and markers ready3
Get your whiteboards and markers ready! Constitution would take too much power away from the states.


22 what is the bill of rights
22. Constitution would take too much power away from the states. What is the Bill of Rights?

  • It is the first part of the Constitution.

  • It protects the rights of states under the federal government.

  • It is a name for the first ten amendments to the Constitution.

  • It protects the exact same set of freedoms as the English Bill of Rights.


23 what was the significance of the bill of rights
23. Constitution would take too much power away from the states. What was the significance of the Bill of Rights?

  • It was the key to getting enough support to ensure ratification of the Constitution.

  • James Madison first gained national attention by writing them.

  • Opposition to it made friends of Thomas Jefferson and John Adams.

  • It was the first set of changes made to the Articles of Confederation.


Freedom of religion
Freedom of Religion Constitution would take too much power away from the states.

  • Both Jefferson and Madison were strong supporters of freedom of religion.

  • Jefferson’s Statute for Religious Freedomhad made religious freedom a right for all Virginians since 1786.


Freedom of religion1
Freedom of Religion Constitution would take too much power away from the states.

  • The Virginia Statute for Religious Freedom assured that “no man shall be compelled to frequent or support any religious worship, place or ministry whatsoever,” and that “all men shall be free to profess, and by argument to maintain, their opinion in matters of religion.”

  • Madison’s First Amendment says that “Congress shall make no law respecting an establishment of religion, or prohibiting the free exercise thereof.”


Left tell right2
LEFT Constitution would take too much power away from the states.tellRIGHT

  • What is one of your rights under the Constitution’s Bill of Rights?

  • Be sure to re-state the question!

RIGHTtellLEFT


Patrick henry was not in favor of separation of church and state
Patrick Henry Constitution would take too much power away from the states.was not in favor of separation of church and state.

  • He was opposed to Jefferson's Statute for Religious Freedom, which Virginia had passed in 1786.

  • While granting complete religious freedom to all Virginians, it also banned tax support for any religious group.

  • Although strongly committed to religious freedom, Henry opposed Jefferson’s plan of total separation of church and state, and instead favored tax support of all recognized religious groups.


The bill of rights2
The Constitution would take too much power away from the states.Bill of Rights

  • Eventually, Congress edited Madison’s list and proposed placing the amendments at the end of the Constitution in a separate section.

  • The amendments went to the states for ratification.


Left tell right3
LEFT Constitution would take too much power away from the states.tellRIGHT

  • What leading Virginian was opposed to the separation of church and state?

  • Be sure to re-state the question!

RIGHTtellLEFT


Get your whiteboards and markers ready4
Get your whiteboards and markers ready! Constitution would take too much power away from the states.


24 how is jefferson s statute for religious freedom reflected in the bill of rights
24. Constitution would take too much power away from the states.How is Jefferson’s’Statute for Religious Freedom’ reflected in the Bill of Rights?

It served as the basis for

  • the Great Compromise.

  • the First Amendment.

  • the Federalist Papers.

  • the Articles of Confederation.


Federalists or antifederalists
Federalists Constitution would take too much power away from the states.orAntifederalists?

Feared a strong executive might become a tyrant

Federalists Antifederalists

Feared a strong executive might become a tyrant


Federalists or antifederalists1
Federalists Constitution would take too much power away from the states.orAntifederalists?

Wanted a bill of rights added to the Constitution

Federalists Antifederalists

Feared a strong executive might become a tyrant

Wanted a bill of rights added to the Constitution


Federalists or antifederalists2
Federalists Constitution would take too much power away from the states.orAntifederalists?

Wanted one person as head of the executive branch

Federalists Antifederalists

Feared a strong executive might become a tyrant

Wanted one person as head of the executive branch

Wanted a bill of rights added to the Constitution


Federalists or antifederalists3
Federalists Constitution would take too much power away from the states.orAntifederalists?

Wanted the legislative branch to have most power

Federalists Antifederalists

Feared a strong executive might become a tyrant

Wanted one person as head of the executive branch

Wanted a bill of rights added to the Constitution

Wanted the legislative branch to have most power


Federalists or antifederalists4
Federalists Constitution would take too much power away from the states.orAntifederalists?

Wanted the states to have less power

Federalists Antifederalists

Feared a strong executive might become a tyrant

Wanted one person as head of the executive branch

Wanted a bill of rights added to the Constitution

Wanted the states to have less power

Wanted the legislative branch to have most power


Federalists or antifederalists5
Federalists Constitution would take too much power away from the states.orAntifederalists?

Wanted a stronger national government

Federalists Antifederalists

Feared a strong executive might become a tyrant

Wanted one person as head of the executive branch

Wanted a bill of rights added to the Constitution

Wanted the states to have less power

Wanted the legislative branch to have most power

Wanted a stronger national government


Federalists or antifederalists6
Federalists Constitution would take too much power away from the states.orAntifederalists?

Favored a government with three branches

Federalists Antifederalists

Feared a strong executive might become a tyrant

Wanted one person as head of the executive branch

Wanted a bill of rights added to the Constitution

Wanted the states to have less power

Wanted the legislative branch to have most power

Wanted a stronger national government

Favored a government with three branches


Federalists or antifederalists7
Federalists Constitution would take too much power away from the states.orAntifederalists?

Wanted states to have the most political power

Federalists Antifederalists

Wanted one person as head of the executive branch

Feared a strong executive might become a tyrant

Wanted a bill of rights added to the Constitution

Wanted the states to have less power

Wanted the legislative branch to have most power

Wanted a stronger national government

Wanted states to have the most political power

Favored a government with three branches


Antifederalists Constitution would take too much power away from the states.

A strong executive might become a tyrant.

A

There was no bill of rights in the Constitution.

B

The legislative branch should have the most power.

C

Most political power should be left to the states.

D


Federalists Constitution would take too much power away from the states.

One person needed to lead the executive branch.

A

The states should have less power.

B

A stronger national government is needed.

C

The government should have three branches.

D


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