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WARTIME DIPOLMACY. AND THE EMANCIPATION PROCLAMATION SEPT 1862. LINCOLN’S PRIMARY GOAL. AT THE BEGINNING OF THE WAR TO SAVE THE UNION WAS HIS SINGLE. DIPLOMATIC PROBLEM. SOUTH NEEDS FOREIGN RECOGNITION FOREIGN ASSISTANCE TO WIN THE WAR. LINCOLN’S DIPLOMATIC GOAL.

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Wartime dipolmacy

WARTIME DIPOLMACY

AND THE EMANCIPATION PROCLAMATION SEPT 1862


Lincoln s primary goal
LINCOLN’S PRIMARY GOAL

  • AT THE BEGINNING OF THE WAR

  • TO SAVE THE UNION WAS HIS SINGLE


Diplomatic problem
DIPLOMATIC PROBLEM

  • SOUTH NEEDS FOREIGN RECOGNITION

  • FOREIGN ASSISTANCE TO WIN THE WAR


Lincoln s diplomatic goal
LINCOLN’S DIPLOMATIC GOAL

  • PREVENT FOREIGN RECOGNITION OF CONFEDERACY

  • STOP FOREIGN ASSISTANCE TO THE SOUTH

  • SOUTH BELIEVES “KING COTTON” WILL FORCE BRITISH AID


The trent affair
THE TRENT AFFAIR

  • 1861 NAVY STOPS BRITISH SHIP THE TRENT

  • TAKE TWO SOUTHERN DIPLOMATS

    • JAMES MASON & JOHN SLIDELL

  • BRITISH DEMAND RELEASE

  • LINCOLN COMPLIES, FEARS BRITISH INTERVENTION IN THE WAR.


British sell ships to confederates
BRITISH SELL SHIPS TO CONFEDERATES

  • TWO CRUISERS

    • THE FLORIDA

    • THE ALABAMA

  • AGREED TO BUILD “LAIRD RAMS”

  • WOULD BREAK UNION BLOCKADE OF SOUTH


Lincoln needs to prevent delivery
LINCOLN NEEDS TO PREVENT DELIVERY

  • BRITISH UPPER CLASS SUPPORT THE SOUTH

  • BRITISH COMMONERS HATE SLAVERY

  • MAKING THE WAR ABOUT EMANCIPATION COULD HELP DIPLOMATIC PROBLEM


Compensated emancipation
COMPENSATED EMANCIPATION

  • EARLY IF LINCOLN SPOKE OF EMAMCIPATION

  • HE ALWAYS SPOKE OF COMPENSATION AND COLONIZATION


Congress acts the confiscation act of 1862
CONGRESS ACTS: THE CONFISCATION ACT OF 1862

  • ANYONE COMMITTING TREASON HIS SLAVES WERE FREE.

  • CONGRESS PASSED ACT LINCOLN ALMOST VETOED IT.

  • WILLIAM “THE BEAST” BUTLER IN NEW ORLEANS


The militia act 1862
THE MILITIA ACT 1862

  • FREE SLAVES OF ANYONE RENDERING MILITARY SERVICE TO THE SOUTH

  • GENERAL DAVID HUNTER BEGINS TO FREE SLAVES.

  • LINCOLN ORDERS HIM TO STOP.


Why did lincoln resist emancipation
WHY DID LINCOLN RESIST EMANCIPATION?

  • “I CAN’T ENFORCE THE CONSTITUTION LET ALONE FREE SLAVES.”

  • “HALF MY GENERALS WOULD QUIT.”


Horace greeley s prayers of 20 million august 1862
HORACE GREELEY’S “PRAYERS OF 20 MILLION”AUGUST 1862

  • EDITOR OF NEW YORK TRIBUNE

  • ASKS: WHY DELAY?

  • BROADEN THE WAR AIMS

  • MAKE IT A HOLY WAR AGAINST SLAVERY.


Lincoln responds calmly
LINCOLN RESPONDS CALMLY

  • “WHAT I DO ABOUT SLAVERY I DO BECAUSE IT WILL SAVE THE UNION…”

  • WE NOW KNOW HE WAS ALREADY PLANNING THE EMANCIPATION PROCLAMATION.


Why did lincoln change policy
WHY DID LINCOLN CHANGE POLICY?

  • BORDER STATES WERE SECURED.

  • GENERALS HE MIGHT LOSE WEREN’T ANY GOOD.

  • EMANCIPATION HAD DIPLOMATIC ADVANTAGES


Cabinet suggests wait until a union victory
CABINET SUGGESTS WAIT UNTIL A UNION VICTORY

  • DON’T WANT TO LOOK DESPERATE.

  • ANTIETAM SEPT 17TH, 1862 IS DECLARED A UNION VICTORY

  • UNION LOSES 11,650 MEN IN A SINGLE DAY. BUT LEE RETREATS.


The preliminary emancipation proclamation sept 1862
THE PRELIMINARY EMANCIPATION PROCLAMATION. SEPT 1862

  • FREES SLAVES IN AREAS STILL IN REBELLION AS OF JANUARY 1, 1863

  • IT ACTUALLY FREED NO SLAVES.IT ONLY APPLIED TO AREAS OUT OF UNION CONTROL.


British do not recognize the confederacy
BRITISH DO NOT RECOGNIZE THE CONFEDERACY

  • BRITISH PEOPLE SUPPORT UNION BECAUSE OF EMANCIPATION

  • BRITISH REFUSE TO DELIVER LAIRD RAMS.

  • BRITISH RESPECT UNION BLACKADE

  • COTTON IS NOT KING, NORTHERN WHEAT IS MORE IMPORTANT


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