The format of scientific literature
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The Format of Scientific Literature. By: Allison, Leah, Hunter, Jordan. The first information seen…. A catchy title which explains what the author did or what they found. A list of the authors -1 st Author listed: Writer of the first draft

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The format of scientific literature

The Format of Scientific Literature

By: Allison, Leah, Hunter, Jordan

The first information seen
The first information seen…

  • A catchy title which explains what the author did or what they found.

  • A list of the authors

    -1st Author listed: Writer of the first draft

    -The following authors have all contributed in some way

    -The final author is the senior author who oversees the process


  • Shows what the researcher is doing

  • May give a general view of the results

    -In the Arabidopsis paper Kipp stated, “Thus, heat adversely affects growth and development as well as reproductive success in Arabidopsis”


  • Gives the general background on for the experiment, often explaining the reasoning behind research

    -For example, Kipp raised the issue about current Global Warming

Materials and methods
Materials and Methods

  • Lists needed materials to perform the experiment

  • Gives the step by step process of the experiment

    -Kipp showed the different processes involved, such as selection process, germination, seed sowing, and growing conditions

Observations and results
Observations and Results

  • Uses graphs and charts to visualize the results

Discussion and conclusion
Discussion and Conclusion

  • Summarizes the results in paragraph form by explaining data and gives the reason for the research


  • Gives thanks to all who attributed time and effort into the project

    -Such as: ones who give advice, notes, funding, and expertise


  • Citing sources

  • Often this is seen throughout the paper by the contributor’s name or through a number which gives reference to the actual citing


  • What is the most useful method of presenting results in chart form? (clue: use of symbols)

  • Where should background information be presented?

  • What is a common way of presenting authors?

  • When citing the authors, where would the senior author be in the list order?