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PBL for Middle School Social Studies. Shelagh A. Gallagher, Ph.D. [email protected] Presentation at the annual meeting of the South Carolina Consortium for Gifted Education, Greenville, SC December 1-3, 2008.

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Pbl for middle school social studies
PBL for Middle School Social Studies

Shelagh A. Gallagher, Ph.D.

[email protected]

Presentation at the annual meeting of the South Carolina Consortium for Gifted Education, Greenville, SC December 1-3, 2008


I can see only one safe rule for the historian: that he should recognize in the development of human destinies the play of the contingent and the unforeseen.H(erbert) A(lbert) L(aurens) Fisher


The causes of events are ever more interesting than the event themselves cicero
The causes of events are ever more interesting should recognize in the development of human destinies the play of the contingent and the unforeseen.than the event themselves.Cicero


Historians are left forever chasing shadows, painfully aware of the inability ever to reconstruct the world in its completeness however thorough or revealing their documentation. We are doomed to be forever hailing someone who has just gone around the corner and out of earshot.Simon Schama


the historian’s passion for manuscripts and sources is not the desire to confirm facts and dates or to correct occasional points of error…, but the desire … to see at first hand how an important decision comes to be made. …

It is a study of the complexity that underlies any generalization that we can make.

Butterfield, 1931


Checklist
Checklist the desire to confirm facts and dates or to correct occasional points of error…, but the desire … to see at first hand how an important decision comes to be made. …

The facts AND…

  • History is uncertain

  • History is created by whoever was in the right place at the right time

    (and what determines the ‘right place’ and the ‘right time’…)

  • History is ascension and suppression

  • History is arbitrary (but not chance)


Differentiation that is faithful to discipline and child an organic approach
Differentiation that is Faithful to the desire to confirm facts and dates or to correct occasional points of error…, but the desire … to see at first hand how an important decision comes to be made. …Discipline and Child: An Organic Approach

  • …arising as a natural outgrowth

  • constituting an integral part of a whole; fundamental


Which approaches fit naturally
Which Approaches Fit Naturally? the desire to confirm facts and dates or to correct occasional points of error…, but the desire … to see at first hand how an important decision comes to be made. …


Welcome to the house
Welcome to the House! the desire to confirm facts and dates or to correct occasional points of error…, but the desire … to see at first hand how an important decision comes to be made. …


Learning Issues Board the desire to confirm facts and dates or to correct occasional points of error…, but the desire … to see at first hand how an important decision comes to be made. …

What are our Learning Issues?

What do we know?

What is our Action Plan?


Instructional goals of pbl
Instructional Goals of PBL the desire to confirm facts and dates or to correct occasional points of error…, but the desire … to see at first hand how an important decision comes to be made. …

Core Content

Problem Solving

Conceptual Reasoning

Research

Dispositions

Thinking Skills

Ethics


Key components of pbl
Key Components of PBL the desire to confirm facts and dates or to correct occasional points of error…, but the desire … to see at first hand how an important decision comes to be made. …

  • Initiating Instruction with an Ill-Structured Problem

  • Student-as-Stakeholder

  • Teacher as (Metacognitive) Coach


The ill structured problem
The Ill-Structured Problem the desire to confirm facts and dates or to correct occasional points of error…, but the desire … to see at first hand how an important decision comes to be made. …

  • Needs more information before it becomes clear

  • Can be solved in more than one way

  • Has more than one resolution

  • Changes sometimes with new information

  • Is ambiguous and unclear


Student as stakeholder
Student-As-Stakeholder the desire to confirm facts and dates or to correct occasional points of error…, but the desire … to see at first hand how an important decision comes to be made. …

  • Real world problem solvers are not objective: we have perspective (bias)

  • Increases ownership

  • Provides a form of apprenticeship in a discipline

  • Authority, Responsibility, Accountability


Teacher as metacognitive coach
Teacher as the desire to confirm facts and dates or to correct occasional points of error…, but the desire … to see at first hand how an important decision comes to be made. …“Metacognitive Coach”


Laying out the plan
Laying out the Plan... the desire to confirm facts and dates or to correct occasional points of error…, but the desire … to see at first hand how an important decision comes to be made. …

The Flow of the Problem


Engagement the desire to confirm facts and dates or to correct occasional points of error…, but the desire … to see at first hand how an important decision comes to be made. …

The Flow

of

the Problem

Inquiry and Investigation

Problem Definition

Problem Resolution

Problem Debriefing


Engagement the desire to confirm facts and dates or to correct occasional points of error…, but the desire … to see at first hand how an important decision comes to be made. …

The Flow

of

the Problem

Inquiry and Investigation

Problem Definition

Problem Resolution

Problem Debriefing


Embedded instruction scaffolds for self direction
Embedded Instruction: Scaffolds for Self-Direction the desire to confirm facts and dates or to correct occasional points of error…, but the desire … to see at first hand how an important decision comes to be made. …

  • Research Skills

  • Interview Techniques

  • Letter Writing

  • Analysis of Information

  • Rules of Historical Interpretation

  • Question Asking

  • Reflection


Authentic Analysis: the desire to confirm facts and dates or to correct occasional points of error…, but the desire … to see at first hand how an important decision comes to be made. …History as Interactions Among Individuals, Groups and Institutions


Concept icons
Concept Icons the desire to confirm facts and dates or to correct occasional points of error…, but the desire … to see at first hand how an important decision comes to be made. …

An Individual is a particular being or thing as distinguished from a collection.

Groups are a sets of people who see themselves as belonging to a common entity; share a set of goals.

An Institution is an organization that is a hierarchy and has special goals; status lies within the hierarchy and structure defines position; each status has a role that is goal directed.


Engaging for ALL the desire to confirm facts and dates or to correct occasional points of error…, but the desire … to see at first hand how an important decision comes to be made. …

Differentiated for Gifted

Research

Critical Thinking

Collaboration

Ethics

Problem Solving

Meaningful Content

Concept of Significance

Communication


Assessment the problem log classroom rubrics
Assessment the desire to confirm facts and dates or to correct occasional points of error…, but the desire … to see at first hand how an important decision comes to be made. …The Problem Log Classroom Rubrics


Class Engagement Rubric the desire to confirm facts and dates or to correct occasional points of error…, but the desire … to see at first hand how an important decision comes to be made. …

Gallagher, S. A. (2008). Excluded!. Unionville, NY: Royal Fireworks Press


To know them is to love them pbl resources
To Know them is to Love Them…PBL Resources the desire to confirm facts and dates or to correct occasional points of error…, but the desire … to see at first hand how an important decision comes to be made. …

  • ASCD Materials

  • PBL and the Internet http://zephyrpress.com/


New! the desire to confirm facts and dates or to correct occasional points of error…, but the desire … to see at first hand how an important decision comes to be made. …

http://www.rfwp.com/


A Sizable Dilemma the desire to confirm facts and dates or to correct occasional points of error…, but the desire … to see at first hand how an important decision comes to be made. …


Dreaded diseases

Dreaded Diseases the desire to confirm facts and dates or to correct occasional points of error…, but the desire … to see at first hand how an important decision comes to be made. …

A Pox on You! Mosquito Coast


Spud? the desire to confirm facts and dates or to correct occasional points of error…, but the desire … to see at first hand how an important decision comes to be made. …


Thompson s truths about curriculum
Thompson’s Truths about Curriculum the desire to confirm facts and dates or to correct occasional points of error…, but the desire … to see at first hand how an important decision comes to be made. …

  • The more academic learning is, the less academic it seems

  • Students acts as hero willing to become an unknown self

  • Creates a quake in the state of assumptions

  • Cognition without Imagination is shallow

  • Phasing of engagement and scholarship


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