Ornamental fish dr craig kasper hcc brandon
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Tampa. Ornamental Fish Dr. Craig Kasper HCC Brandon. So far...it’s been all about the food!. Aquaculture has been (and may always be) about feeding people. . “But Dr. K.... What else is there??”. Ornamentals. “Feel good” fish!. First...lets revisit food fish aquaculture. (Tlusty 2005).

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Ornamental Fish Dr. Craig Kasper HCC Brandon

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Ornamental fish dr craig kasper hcc brandon

Tampa

Ornamental FishDr. Craig KasperHCC Brandon


Ornamental fish dr craig kasper hcc brandon

So far...it’s been all about the food!


Ornamental fish dr craig kasper hcc brandon

  • Aquaculture has been (and may always be) about feeding people.


Ornamental fish dr craig kasper hcc brandon

“But Dr. K....

What else is there??”


Ornamental fish dr craig kasper hcc brandon

Ornamentals

“Feel good” fish!


Ornamental fish dr craig kasper hcc brandon

  • First...lets revisit food fish aquaculture.


Ornamental fish dr craig kasper hcc brandon

(Tlusty 2005)


Introduction

Introduction

  • Aquarium trade a rapidly growing sector of aquaculture.

  • Approximately $15 billion industry (Bartely 2000).

  • High demand drives industry ($$$).

  • Several pros and cons concerning this industry.


Ornamental fish dr craig kasper hcc brandon

Making fish makes money!

Source: 1998 Census of Aquaculture, USDA-NASS


Ornamental fish

Ornamental Fish

  • Influence of capture fisheries still applies.

  • As restrictions on animal collection

    intensify, culture of ornamental fish

    (OF) will assume a larger roll.

  • Currently, 90% of aquarium freshwater

    fish cultured. (Reverse for marine fish—major issue!)


Ornamental fish1

Ornamental Fish

  • Production of OF is a global industry with global impacts (globalization = bad news?)

  • Has accounted for 40-60% of total exports in Singapore, Brazil, Phillipines (Tay, 1977; Chao 1997; Dowd and Tlusty 2000; Baquero).

  • However, this has all been at the EXPENSE of the capture industry!


Ornamental fish2

Ornamental Fish

  • Production of OF doubled between 1985-1997.

  • In U.S., OF production is ranked fourth behind catfish, trout, and salmon; 7% of total aquacultural production (JSA, 1999).

  • Florida produces over 800 varieties of freshwater ornamental fish through captive breeding accounting for nearly 80% of total U.S. value (FASS 1999).

  • U.S. demand accounts for ~60% of total industry!


Ornamental fish3

Ornamental Fish

  • Lucrative industry (average value $35-60/lb.; marine even higher at $400-600/lb.)

  • Captive breeding of marine fish accounts for much less (~13% of marine fish traded are cultured, 3% commercially feasible (Dawes 1998; Schiemer 2001).


Ornamental fish4

Ornamental Fish

  • Greed has led to habitat destruction.

    • - Mangrove destruction, reefs, illegal collection

    • - Conservation groups, government influence.

    • - Clearly another black-eye for aquaculture!

  • How do we combat this?

    • - Limitations on collection.

    • - Limit number of fish (Bahamian 50 fish/permited species).

    • - Limit number/size of speices (FL restrictions on 49 spp.)

    • - More reliance on aquaculture (HBOI 2000)

    • - Artificial propigation (“just borrow some”)


Culture of ornamental fish

Culture of Ornamental Fish

  • Variety of culture methods

    • - Closed systems (tanks, ponds)

    • - Florida- 0.1 acre sandy loam or coral bedrock (

  • Semi-intesive densities

    • - tiger barb fry (pond) = 10k/m3

    • - clown fish (tanks) = 700-3800/m3


Ornamental fish dr craig kasper hcc brandon

(Tlusty 2005)


Ornamental fish dr craig kasper hcc brandon

Dr. Craig S. Kasper

HCC Brandon

[email protected]


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