Group Leadership

Group Leadership PowerPoint PPT Presentation


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Trait Approach. Was popular in early years of modern leadership researchBased on the idea that there were consistent character traits and attributes associated with effective leadersConsistent with the idea that

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Group Leadership

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1. Group Leadership

2. Trait Approach Was popular in early years of modern leadership research Based on the idea that there were consistent character traits and attributes associated with effective leaders Consistent with the idea that “leaders are born and not made” Has little impact today because of serious limitations to findings and applications Ask students to identify characteristics they typically associate with great leaders. Then ask them to identify leaders who are exceptions.Ask students to identify characteristics they typically associate with great leaders. Then ask them to identify leaders who are exceptions.

3. Styles Approach Identifies advantages and disadvantages to different leadership “styles” Three basic leadership styles: Authoritarian, Democratic, and Laissez-faire Style effectiveness depends on many variables such as culture, time constraints, group compatibility, group task, etc. Ask students to review descriptions on pp. 131-132 and to see if they can identify (1) an effective authoritarian leader, (2) an effective democratic leader, (3) an effective laissez-faire leader. Discuss how/why different styles can be effective.Ask students to review descriptions on pp. 131-132 and to see if they can identify (1) an effective authoritarian leader, (2) an effective democratic leader, (3) an effective laissez-faire leader. Discuss how/why different styles can be effective.

4. Situational Perspective Takes into account the fact that even “great” leaders failed in certain contexts Goes beyond identifying differences in leadership styles by predicting situations in which those different styles will be more and less effective Example: Hersey and Blanchard’s Situational Model of Leadership

5. Discuss in relationship to Fisher’s group development phases: orientation, conflict, emergence, reinforcement.Discuss in relationship to Fisher’s group development phases: orientation, conflict, emergence, reinforcement.

6. Emergent Leadership Most groups do not specifically select leaders Leaders “emerge” naturally through a “method of residues” (process of elimination) Individual members are rejected from leadership consideration until only one remains

7. Emergent Leadership The process of elimination... First: quiet, non-participative members Second: talkative but overly aggressive or inflexible members Third: those who do not seem to have a good “style” fit or who lack task experience and/or competence

8. Emergent Leadership And the winner is... the person who offers good balance to group task and social needs the person who is perceived as highly trustworthy Have groups get together to discuss themselves as potential leaders. What general leadership traits do they possess? Do they consider themselves authoritarian, democratic, or laissez-faire? Based on your current level of group maturity, do you think you need a telling, selling, participating, or delegating leader? Who would you choose, and why? In what ways have you seen “emergent leadership” taking place in your group?Have groups get together to discuss themselves as potential leaders. What general leadership traits do they possess? Do they consider themselves authoritarian, democratic, or laissez-faire? Based on your current level of group maturity, do you think you need a telling, selling, participating, or delegating leader? Who would you choose, and why? In what ways have you seen “emergent leadership” taking place in your group?

9. Functional Perspective Views leadership as any behavior that influences, guides, directs, or controls a group to maximize group effectiveness The focus is not on leaders (individuals) but on leadership (behaviors that may be performed by any or all group members) Emphasizes the shared responsibility of all group members in leading, regardless of formal position

10. Functional Perspective Classifies essential leadership behaviors (guiding behaviors) into… Task-guiding behaviors: requesting information, providing information, clarifying information, guiding/summarizing discussion, analyzing evidence and testing reasoning, negotiating Social-guiding behaviors: encouraging, expressing feelings, harmonizing, energizing Review definitions and examples of behaviors in text (pp. 119-125). Have students get into groups and open text of past chat room session. Analyze each comment by seeing if it can be coded as a particular type of guiding behavior. Review definitions and examples of behaviors in text (pp. 119-125). Have students get into groups and open text of past chat room session. Analyze each comment by seeing if it can be coded as a particular type of guiding behavior.

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