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Instructional Planning. Weaving Nutrition Education into Teacher’s Instructional Planning. Presented by: Valerie Parsons, M.A., M.Ed. And Lizett Olivares, R.D. . Monrovia Unified School District. Review of Homework. Understand District’s goals and needs

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Instructional planning

Instructional Planning

Weaving Nutrition Education into Teacher’s Instructional Planning

Presented by: Valerie Parsons, M.A., M.Ed. And Lizett Olivares, R.D.

Monrovia Unified School District


Review of homework

Review of Homework

  • Understand District’s goals and needs

  • Determine adopted curriculum for core subject areas

  • Familiarize yourself with your District’s Pacing Guide or other Instructional Planning Tool

  • Identify potential partners who are already teaching nutrition education effectively

  • Determine what resources are needed

  • Identify professional development opportunities

  • Determine key players or actions for implementation


The changes in today s classroom

The changes in today’s classroom


Single subject

Single Subject

  • Teachers work in a bubble – in charge of their own planning, teaching, and evaluation.

  • Interdisciplinary or thematic instruction is possible. However, it tends to be infrequent and considered “extra” to the regular curriculum.

  • Tested subjects are the focus October – May and “other” subjects (Art, Music, Nutrition, etc.) are the focus in June and September.


Single subject lesson examples

Single Subject Lesson Examples

  • Dairy Council Lessons

  • The Children’s Power Play Campaign

  • Harvest of the Month (HOTM)

  • Monrovia’s Cooking-in-the Classroom Lessons

  • The Daily Nibble

  • And many others…


Ideal vs reality

Ideal vs. Reality

  • Reality-- Just as health standards came out, budget cuts started to happen.

  • The ideal is to teach nutrition as a single subject.

  • In today’s circumstances, integration seems to be the most effective way to ensure nutrition education is taught.

  • Integration teaches nutrition through core subjects.

  • Single-Subject Nutrition Education is fairly easy for teachers if they can find the time.

  • Integration is challenging and is where the focus of Professional Development can developed.


Continuum of integration

Continuum of Integration

Messaging Interdisciplinary Integrated

Adapted from Brazee & Capelluti (1995), Dissolving Boundaries: Toward an Integrative Curriculum.

Single Subject Nutrition Education?


Nutrition messaging

Nutrition Messaging

Level 1

  • Nutrition messages are consistently incorporated into core curriculum.

  • These messages are not skills-based.

  • These messages may or may not meet Health Standard 1: Essential Concepts.

  • The goal is to send consistent nutrition messages throughout the school year

  • Begins to build a healthy culture.


Instructional planning

Share this book


Improving the school culture

Improving the School Culture

  • Begins with collective conversations that create shared understandings.

  • This dialogue is a reflective learning process in which group members seek to understand each other’s viewpoints and deeply held assumptions.

  • Dialogue leads to collective meaning and these shared understandings become the basis of shared missions, visions, values, and goals.

    • Garmston & Wellman, The Adaptive School


Continuum of integration1

Continuum of Integration

Messaging Interdisciplinary Integrated

Adapted from Brazee & Capelluti (1995), Dissolving Boundaries: Toward an Integrative Curriculum.


Interdisciplinary

Interdisciplinary

Level 2

  • Most common approach to integration.

  • It includes one health standard (2-8) integrated with one core standard

  • Often, integration occurs through a major event or unit.

    • A grade level might create a Math Night with a nutrition component.

    • A nutrition theme-based unit with nutrition integrating one subject area.

    • Multiple subjects may contribute but through a parallel approach.

  • At first, it may still seem to be an add-on, but eventually is seen as a way to make core curriculum more meaningful.


Instructional planning

Interdisciplinary: Level 2


Full integration

Full Integration

Level 3

  • Take a step beyond the previous level by incorporating a Health Standard, Nutrition Competency, HOTM and a Nutrition Message into more than one content area.

  • All Health Standards are addressed at some point during the year.

  • Cooperative planning between teachers is a must to make this approach to curriculum powerful and practical.

  • No artificial division of knowledge into the subject areas.

  • Here, integration is not an “add-on” to the regular curriculum instead nutrition education is the vehicle in which to teach core subjects.


Integration higher level thinking

Integration = Higher Level Thinking


Think pair share

Think-Pair-Share

  • Think: What level of nutrition education do you think a majority of your teachers are at?

  • Pair: Share with the person next to you the level of your teachers.

  • Share: Wait for the signal and by a show of hands, indicate what level your teachers are at.


Two minute physical activity break

Two Minute Physical Activity Break


Instructional planning

Components of Lesson Design

Instruction

Curriculum

Standards

Assessment


First step unpacking the standards

First Step: Unpacking the Standards!

  • Standards guide instruction and provide a common language under which objectives can be formed.

  • Teachers are the experts with the content standards, there is no reason for you to be.

  • Pacing Guides provide a platform to ensure all standards are taught by the end of the year.


Instructional planning

Alignment

Pacing

Instruction

Curriculum

Standards

Assessment

Mapping


What is curriculum alignment

What is Curriculum Alignment?

Curriculum alignment refers to the process of interpreting standards, then developing learning objectives that are directly targeted to the standards.


What are pacing guides

A planning tool that helps teachers chart the timing of their instruction so that all tested topics are taught prior to the administration of the state test.

What are Pacing Guides?


Instructional planning

A Pacing Guide

is an outline of the

Intendedcurriculum

Curriculum Mapping

is an outline of the

Implementedcurriculum


Diving deeper into pacing guides

Diving Deeper into Pacing Guides

There is no single format for a pacing guide.

  • Simple: list of weekly topics

  • Comprehensive: includes strategies, assessments, materials, & alignment to standards.

  • Usually involves multiple levels of collaboration.

  • Textbook often have pacing guides to offer suggestions how to cover the material during a given amount of time.

  • Other names


  • Scan and insert hotm overview

    Scan and insert HOTM Overview


    Pacing guides improve student performance

    Pacing Guides Improve Student Performance

    • Lessons designed aligned to pacing guide.

    • Align standards, skills and assessments so all students are getting the same material.

    • They spotlight opportunities for integration.


    Instructional planning

    Alignment

    Pacing

    Instruction

    Curriculum

    Standards

    Assessment

    Mapping


    How can you make this lesson level 1

    How can you make this lesson Level 1?

    • Core Standards Integrated

      • Math: Problem solving and algebra (mean, median, mode)

      • Science: Experimentation/process skills of observing, measuring, hypothesis, predicting, etc.

      • Writing: Introductory paragraphs

      • Technology skills


    Life savers excel spreadsheet project

    Life Savers Excel Spreadsheet Project

    • Which flavor of Life Savers candy will last the longest?

    • The entire 4th grade at John F. Pattie Elementary School ate Life Savers for 2 months to find out!

    • The experiment involved eating Life Savers while being timed, graphing the data in Microsoft Excel, and then publishing their results.


    Steps of the life saver project

    Steps of the Life Saver Project

    • The kids ate a whole lot of Life Savers and tracked the amount of time it took to eat each color.

    • The worked in small groups to make spreadsheets.

    • They created a graph for each color of all times recorded in their class.

    • They used the f(x) icon to calculate averages and then graphed the averages.

    • FINALLY! Each class discovered which color lasts the longest and which is gone the quickest!


    Sean kellyn s lifesaver graphs

    Sean & Kellyn’s Lifesaver Graphs

    Hi , I'm Sean and this is Kellyn. I like Legos, K'nex, video games, and soccer. Kellyn likes soccer, to collect dolls, basketball and writing. We are doing a lifesaver test to see how long a lifesaver takes to melt in our mouths. After it melted in our mouths we recorded it and put it in graphs on the computer. Red lasted the longest in our mouths. We hope you liked our graphs.


    Instructional planning

    Reflection on Messaging

    • Do you think using Life Saver candy made students want to eat them more?

    • How could you make this lesson have a healthy nutrition message?

    • Look at the 4th grade competencies for Essential Concepts, could you integrate one of those into this lesson?

    • Do you think your teachers are consistently incorporating nutrition messages into the school day?


    Keeping the message consistent

    Keeping the message consistent…

    How do we remind teachers to incorporate nutrition messages throughout the entire year?

    Pacing Guides!


    Instructional planning

    HOW????

    How do we get teachers to incorporate nutrition messages into their pacing guides?

    It’s all about the

    Process!


    Continuum of integration2

    Continuum of Integration

    Messaging Interdisciplinary Integrated

    Adapted from Brazee & Capelluti (1995), Dissolving Boundaries: Toward an Integrative Curriculum.

    Review: Turn to your partner and describe one or two ways interdisciplinary integration is different than messaging.


    Interdisciplinary1

    Interdisciplinary

    Level 2

    • Most common approach to integration.

    • It includes one health standard (2-8) integrated with one core standard

    • Often, integration occurs through a major event or unit.

      • A grade level might create a Math Night with a Nutrition component.

      • A Nutrition theme-based unit Nutrition integrating one subject area.

      • Multiple subjects may contribute but through a parallel approach.

    • At first, it may still seem to be an add-on, but eventually is seen as a way to make core curriculum more meaningful.


    Now it s your turn

    Now it’s your turn!

    • Review some 4th Grade Math Standards

    • Experience their application with a Math in the Garden sample lesson

    • Add new ideas that incorporate a 4th Grade Nutrition Competency.


    Reflection on an interdisciplinary nutrition education lesson

    Reflection on an Interdisciplinary Nutrition Education lesson


    Questions comments

    Questions/Comments?


    Working towards full integration

    Working Towards Full Integration

    • Level 3 is a process and can always be improved by integrating more core subjects.

    • Cooperative planning between teachers

    • Requires effective instruction to be successful.

    • Use effective teachers to model for others.


    Indisputable evidence

    Indisputable Evidence

    What teachers do has six to ten times as

    much impact on achievement as all other

    factors combined.

    -Mortimer Simmons

    The single greatest determinant of learning is

    NOT socioeconomic factors or funding levels,

    IT IS INSTRUCTION.

    -Mike Schmoker


    Continuum of integration3

    Continuum of Integration

    Messaging Interdisciplinary Integrated

    Adapted from Brazee & Capelluti (1995), Dissolving Boundaries: Toward an Integrative Curriculum.


    Full integration1

    Full Integration

    Level 3

    • Take a step beyond the previous level by incorporating a Health Standard, Nutrition Competency, HOTM and a Nutrition Message into more than one content area.

    • All Health Standards are addressed at some point during the year.

    • Cooperative planning between teachers is a must to make this approach to curriculum powerful and practical.

    • No artificial division of knowledge into the subject areas.

    • Here, integration is not an “add-on” to the regular curriculum instead nutrition education is the vehicle in which to teach core subjects.


    Level 3 integrated model lesson

    Level 3: Integrated Model Lesson

    Lizett Olivares, R.D.,

    Monrovia Unified School District

    • Listen carefully for these items that are integrated into the lesson:

      • 2 Core Standards

      • 2 Health Standards

      • A Nutrition Message

        There will be a quiz after!


    Physical activity break

    Physical Activity Break


    Application

    Application

    • Each table will be assigned 1 of the 8 Health Standards (CHECS).

    • Become familiar with the Nutrition Competencies in 4th grade for your assigned Health Standard.

    • As a group, using the lesson plan form, design a lesson that integrates: (20 minutes)

      • HOTM

      • Assigned CHECS

      • Correlating Nutrition Competency

      • One Core Standard

    • Using chart paper to highlight the integrated components, each group will have 3 minutes to present their lesson idea.

    • During the presentations, take notes! By the end, you will have all 8 Health Standards integrated into the 4th grade Core Standards!


    Action steps to implementation

    Action Steps to Implementation

    • Determine what level your district is at now.

    • What level will you strive towards next?

    • Use your completed 4th grade Pacing Guide as an example for teachers, curriculum coordinators and other partners


    Getting started

    Getting Started

    • Assemble a core group of teachers.

    • Training should focus on Health Standards so teachers have a common language to discuss integration.

    • Professional development should move away from lecture to more hands-on work with integration.

    • Give teachers time to discuss, plan, and present their ideas.

    • Establish the understanding that this is an on-going process and Pacing Guides are a working document.

    • Create an environment that encourages a cycle of continuous learning.

    • Encourage higher-level thinking.

    • Network staff does not need to be the experts, they just need to create the environment.

    • Remember this takes time—it has been a 3 year process for us!


    3 year implementation highlights

    3-Year Implementation Highlights

    Year One

    • Start by focusing on consistent messaging in all lessons and making changes to the overall school culture.

      • Focus professional development on the Health Standards, Nutrition Competencies, consistent messages, and modeling effective classroom lessons with Level 1 & 2 integration.

      • Develop a climate of Professional Learning Communities during trainings.


    3 year implementation highlights1

    3-Year Implementation Highlights

    Year Two

    • Use your districts instructional planning tool to help teachers match Core Standards to Health Standards and start integrating.

      • Focus on integrating all 8 standards and the Nutrition Competencies.

      • Model lessons to show how nutrition education can be the vehicle to teach core subjects (full integration).


    3 year implementation highlights2

    3-Year Implementation Highlights

    Year Three

    • Full Integration is a continual process

      • Start by adding the components your teacher’s feel most comfortable integrating.

      • Develop the PTRA cycle (Plan, Teach, Reflect, and Apply) establishing a continual process of reflection and growth


    In closing

    In Closing….

    • Questions

    • Comments

    • Review


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