Grammar Teaching
This presentation is the property of its rightful owner.
Sponsored Links
1 / 63

Grammar Teaching In a Simple Way 台北市興雅國中 林淑媛  Chere Lin PowerPoint PPT Presentation


  • 228 Views
  • Uploaded on
  • Presentation posted in: General

Grammar Teaching In a Simple Way 台北市興雅國中 林淑媛  Chere Lin. Teaching & BCTest. Simple, But Useful. 聲音的刺激 圖表輔助 結構比較 複雜文法簡單說. Jim. Ted. run. come. Sue. open the door. 三單現.  第三人稱單數現在式動詞字尾加 S T: He i S a student. He open S the door. T: He, run.  S: He run s .

Download Presentation

Grammar Teaching In a Simple Way 台北市興雅國中 林淑媛  Chere Lin

An Image/Link below is provided (as is) to download presentation

Download Policy: Content on the Website is provided to you AS IS for your information and personal use and may not be sold / licensed / shared on other websites without getting consent from its author.While downloading, if for some reason you are not able to download a presentation, the publisher may have deleted the file from their server.


- - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - E N D - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - -

Presentation Transcript


Grammar teaching in a simple way chere lin

Grammar Teaching

In a Simple Way

台北市興雅國中

林淑媛 Chere Lin


Grammar teaching in a simple way chere lin

Teaching & BCTest


Grammar teaching in a simple way chere lin

Simple, But Useful

  • 聲音的刺激

  • 圖表輔助

  • 結構比較

  • 複雜文法簡單說


Grammar teaching in a simple way chere lin

Jim

Ted

run

come

Sue

open the door

三單現

 第三人稱單數現在式動詞字尾加S

T: He iS a student. He openS the door.

T: He, run.  S: He runs.

T: He, come.  S: He comes.

T: Jim, open the door.  S: Jim opens the door.


Grammar teaching in a simple way chere lin

感官動詞

 感官動詞 + O + VR / Ving / Vpp

Take Turns:

T: Oh! Linda, I see John writing his homework.

J: I see 照東 playing his cellphone.

照: I see 班長 sleeping.

班: I see 佩雯 drinking water.


Grammar teaching in a simple way chere lin

關係子句教學

One of them is my ideal man. I love the man who can sing well. I love the man who is handsome. I love the man who is gentle. I love the man who doesn’t drink. Which is my favorite singer?


Grammar teaching in a simple way chere lin

關係子句教學

I love the man.

He wears a hat.

1. I love the man, and he wears a hat.

 I love the man, and he wears a hat.

 I love the man, and he wears a hat.

 I love the man who wears a hat.


Grammar teaching in a simple way chere lin

句子的基本結構

經常強調英語句子的基本結構: S+V

1 我跑。

2 我愛妳。

3 我吃早餐。

4 我八點吃早餐。

5 我今天早上八點吃早餐。

6 我今天早上八點在學校吃早餐。

7 因為我愛妳,所以今天早上八點我和妳一起 吃早餐。


Grammar teaching in a simple way chere lin

句子的基本結構

經常強調英語句子的基本結構: S+V

1 我跑。

2 我愛妳。

3 我吃早餐。

4 我八點吃早餐。

5 我今天早上八點吃早餐。

6 我今天早上八點在學校吃早餐。

7 因為我愛妳,所以今天早上八點我和妳一起吃早餐。


Grammar teaching in a simple way chere lin

祈使句

94-1-19

? up early, and you won’t miss it.

(A) Get(B) To get(D) Getting(D) Gets

 (You) Get up early, …

12

開頭出現空格填適當動詞型態


Grammar teaching in a simple way chere lin

 扣除子句不看,找後面有無主動作:

1 若無祈使句92-1-11

(D) Thinkcarefully(before you buy a new house).

2 若有不定詞 / 動名詞當主詞93-1-11

(D) Previewing the lesson before class gives me a better idea……

(…) 副詞子句

開頭出現空格填適當動詞型態


Grammar teaching in a simple way chere lin

There is / are + 時態變化

1 過去式

90-1-16

Paul: What did you find under his desk?

Tom: Oh, there were all kinds of things:..

2 未來式

94-1-15

There will be a welcome party next week for the new students.


Grammar teaching in a simple way chere lin

There is / are + 時態變化

2 未來式 There will be  Thereis / are going to bewill

92-2-19

There is going to(A) be a dance show on Sunday.(A) be (B) do (C) get (D) have

95-1-22There(D) are going to beso many tests.


Grammar teaching in a simple way chere lin

台北市興雅國中 林淑媛Chere Lin

搶救基測

基測英語科全國答對率偏低題目探討


Grammar teaching in a simple way chere lin

搶救基測

No. 1

過去式

VS現在完成式


Grammar teaching in a simple way chere lin

No. 1 時態

  • 過去式 VS 現在完成式

? + for一段時間

(A) 過去式

(B) 現在完成式

91-1-17,92-1-21,92-2-23, 93-2-22,94-2-19


Grammar teaching in a simple way chere lin

91-1-17,18考題

One day, our teacher Miss Hsieh walked up to Ted. Without saying anything, she took Ted to the washroom. Slowly, Miss Hsieh washed his hands and told him that he should keep himself clean. She _____ that every day for him for one month. Finally, Ted understood. …….

(A) did(B) has done (X)(C) was doing(D) was going to do


Grammar teaching in a simple way chere lin

觀念釐清

  • 文法很重要?

  • 文法更要拿到上下文來學!

    光會時態還不夠,更要瞭解文 章裡事件先後次序,才能使用 適當的時態。


Grammar teaching in a simple way chere lin

Past 過去

Present 現在

I studied last night.

觀念釐清

  • 過去式

過去事件發生、結束都在過去, 與現在無關。


Grammar teaching in a simple way chere lin

觀念釐清

  • 現在完成式

1 過去發生的事持續到現在。

2 單純過去發生也停止動作了,但 影響持續到現在,特別是個人情 感與經驗。

例:我去過美國。I’vebeen to America.


Grammar teaching in a simple way chere lin

Past 過去

Present 現在

I have studied for 3 hours.

觀念釐清

  • 現在完成式

3 總之,過去事件要具有現在關連 的意義才用現在完成式。


Grammar teaching in a simple way chere lin

Past 過去

Present 現在

I studied last night.

Past 過去

Present 現在

I have studied for 3 hours.

林淑媛 Chere


Grammar teaching in a simple way chere lin

Past 過去

Present 現在

I studied for 3 hours last night.

Past 過去

Present 現在

I have studied for 3 hours.

林淑媛 Chere


Grammar teaching in a simple way chere lin

92-1-21, 94-2-19考題

92-1-21書信,過去在學校的生活

I (A) met him for the first time.

(for the first time 第一次,應用過去式,而非(B) have met)

94-2-19 A-fu遲到的對話

If you keep being late, I (D) will make you dump garbage for the class for one month!


Grammar teaching in a simple way chere lin

搶救基測

No. 2

祈使句

VS不定詞 / 動名詞當主詞


Grammar teaching in a simple way chere lin

No. 2 結構

  • 祈使句VS不定詞 / 動名詞當主詞

(1) ? up early, and you will be healthy.

(2) ? up early helps your health.

(A) Get(B) To get(D) Getting(D) Got


Grammar teaching in a simple way chere lin

No. 2 結構

  • 英語句型的主要結構

S+ V+~

12 3

主角動作~


Grammar teaching in a simple way chere lin

No. 2 結構

  • 祈使句

(1) ? up early, and you won’t miss it. (94-1-19) (You) Get up early, …

12

(A) Get(B) To get(D) Getting(D) Gets


Grammar teaching in a simple way chere lin

No. 2 結構

  • 不定詞 / 動名詞當主詞

(2) ? up early helps your health.

 ? up earlyhelps …

12

(A) Get(B) To get(D) Getting(D) Got


Grammar teaching in a simple way chere lin

觀念釐清

  • 主詞(S)的情形

1 「人」當主詞The students like the dog.

2 「物」當主詞The dog likes to play frisbee.

3 「事」當主詞,有動作在內Learning English is fun. To learn English is fun.


Grammar teaching in a simple way chere lin

觀念釐清

  • 主詞(S)的情形

3 「事」當主詞,有動作在內

Learning Englishis fun.

To learn Englishis fun.SV~12~

學習英語 是 有趣的。


Grammar teaching in a simple way chere lin

觀念釐清

  • 主詞(S)的情形

3 「事」當主詞,有動作在內

Ving… + V

To VR… + V

It + V…to VR(It = to VR)

*一事當主詞,後面動詞用單數


Grammar teaching in a simple way chere lin

觀念釐清

  • 主詞(S)的情形

3 「事」當主詞,有動作在內

Learning Englishis fun.

To learn Englishis fun.

Itis fun to learn English.

*一事當主詞,後面動詞用單數


Grammar teaching in a simple way chere lin

觀念釐清

  • 主詞(S)的情形

3 「事」當主詞,有動作在內

*一事當主詞,後面動詞用單數

94-2-11

Asking questions (B) helpsHenna learn more and better.(A) help(B) helps(D) helping(D) to help


Grammar teaching in a simple way chere lin

開頭出現空格填適當動詞型態

扣除子句不看,找後面有無主動作:

1 若無 祈使句 92-1-11

(D) Think carefully(before you buy a new house).

2 若有 不定詞 / 動名詞當主詞93-1-11

(D) Previewing the lesson before classgives me a better idea……


Grammar teaching in a simple way chere lin

搶救基測

No. 3

There is / are


Grammar teaching in a simple way chere lin

No. 3 倒裝句法

  • 英語句型的主要結構

S+ V+~

12 3

主角動作~


Grammar teaching in a simple way chere lin

No. 3 倒裝句法

  • 倒裝句法

12 3  3 21

+ V+ S3 21

~ 動作 主角

There

Here


Grammar teaching in a simple way chere lin

No. 3 倒裝句法

  • 123321

  • 1 是代名詞,調3312

The buscomes here.

 Here comesthe bus.

Itcomes here.

Here it comes.


Grammar teaching in a simple way chere lin

觀念釐清

  • 單複數由動詞後方的名詞決定

1 原句:

25 studentsare in the classroom.12

2 改成:There is / are

There are25 students in the ~21


Grammar teaching in a simple way chere lin

觀念釐清

  • There is / are 的時態變化

1 過去式 There was / were

There were25 students in ~.

2 現在完成式 There have / has been

There have been 25 studentsin~.

(X)There have 25 students ~.


Grammar teaching in a simple way chere lin

觀念釐清

  • There is / are 的時態變化

3 未來式 There will be

There will be25 students in ~

未來式 will  be going to

There are going to be 25 students in~. will


Grammar teaching in a simple way chere lin

There is / are + 時態變化

1 過去式

90-1-16Paul: What did you find under his desk?

Tom: Oh, there were all kinds of things:..

2 未來式

94-1-15

There will be a welcome party next week for the new students.


Grammar teaching in a simple way chere lin

There is / are + 時態變化

2 未來式變化 There will be There is / are going to be

92-2-19

There is going to(A) bea dance show on Sunday.(A) be (B) do (C) get (D) have

95-1-22There(D) are going to beso many tests.


Grammar teaching in a simple way chere lin

其他提醒

  • V1 + V2的型態

  • 詞類變化

  • 代名詞、代動詞指涉

  • 面對長篇閱讀測驗


Grammar teaching in a simple way chere lin

其他提醒

  • V1 + V2的型態

1 大部分 V1 +(O)+ toV2R

2 小部份V1 +(O)+ V2ing

不定詞to VR隱含「意欲」、「要去 做」、「不確定性」。

Ving 動名詞 / 現在分詞表「正在進 行」、「持續的」、「已發生」


Grammar teaching in a simple way chere lin

其他提醒

  • V1 + V2的型態

2 一部份V1 +(O)+ V2ing

 Ving 動名詞 / 現在分詞表「正在進 行」、「持續的」、「已發生」

enjoy practice + V2ing finish:


Grammar teaching in a simple way chere lin

其他提醒

  • V1 + V2的型態

3 感官動詞 see, watch, listen to…

感官V1 + O + 主動V2R / V2ing被動V2pp

93-1-7I sawhim(D) selling watches on the street corner.


Grammar teaching in a simple way chere lin

其他提醒

  • V1 + V2的型態

4 使役動詞 have, make, let, *help

使役V1 + O + 主動V2R 被動V2pp

92-1-10Mother makesme(A) finish my homework everyday….


Grammar teaching in a simple way chere lin

命令、要求他人

1 一般動詞 ask, tell

一般V1 + O + toV2R

He askedmeto wash the car.

2 使役動詞 have, make, let, *help

使役V1 + O + 主動V2R 被動V2pp

He mademewash the car.


Grammar teaching in a simple way chere lin

其他提醒

  • 詞類變化

1 意似動詞的形容詞

be + angry, busy, proud連綴動詞

2 形似副詞的形容詞lovely, friendlyPeteris very friendly. You will like him.


Grammar teaching in a simple way chere lin

其他提醒

  • 詞類變化

3 情緒動詞的三種變化

interest, satisfy, embarrass,…

The book interests me.

The book is interesting to me.

I am interested in the book.


Grammar teaching in a simple way chere lin

其他提醒

  • 詞類變化

4 形容詞轉化成副詞

He is a lucky man. He luckily won the prize.

形容詞adj修飾「名詞」

副詞adv修飾動詞、形容詞、副詞 、句子。


Grammar teaching in a simple way chere lin

其他提醒

  • 詞類變化

5 單字不能只記中文,更要記詞性, 還要放到句子或文章裡,從上下文 來學習適當的用字。


Grammar teaching in a simple way chere lin

其他提醒

  • 代名詞、代動詞指涉

1 英語強調結構,會出現代名詞、代 動詞,讓結構完整。

2 為避免同一人、事、物重複出現, 用代名詞、代動詞,使文句簡鍊。

3 代名詞、代動詞在句子裡是小兵, 但具有其功能,基測每年最少必考 一題。


Grammar teaching in a simple way chere lin

代名詞指涉

93-1-31, 32

( An e-mail to Daphne from her brother)

32. What does one mean?

(A) A radio. (B) A student. (C) An office. (D) An e-mail.

 文法要從文章上下文來學習


Grammar teaching in a simple way chere lin

代名詞指涉

91-1-17,18綜合觀念:

理解+代名詞+代動詞+時態

Slowly, Miss Hsieh washed his hands and told him that he should keep himself clean. She ____ that every day for him for one month.

(A) did (B) has done

(C) was doing (D) was going to do

 文法要從文章上下文來學習


Grammar teaching in a simple way chere lin

代動詞指涉

91-1-17,18綜合觀念:

理解+代名詞+代動詞+時態

Slowly, Miss Hsieh washed his hands and told him that he should keep himself clean. She ____ that every day for him for one month.

(A) did (B) has done

(C) was doing (D) was going to do

 文法要從文章上下文來學習


Grammar teaching in a simple way chere lin

其他提醒

  • 面對長篇閱讀測驗

測驗能力分析:

1 綜合能力:文法、語意理解應用

2 圖文生活題:圖文轉換,推理

3 由上下文判斷字意、猜字意

4 高階思考


Grammar teaching in a simple way chere lin

圖文綜合能力測驗

95-1-38考題從上下文推敲字意圖表

…it has a big head, but doesn’t have a body. ……

38. What may Mola mola look like?

(A)

(B)

(C)

(D)


Grammar teaching in a simple way chere lin

其他提醒

  • 面對長篇閱讀測驗

  • 4. 高階思考

  • 文意理解高層次思考能力綜合 / 總結、推論、分析、應用

  • conclusion, main idea, infer, imply

  • 勿落入「以偏概全」的答案。


Grammar teaching in a simple way chere lin

高階思考

91-2-39-37 關於 John Keats的生平

37. What can we conclude from the reading?

(A) Life could be short but art is long.(B) Everyone should learn to readpoems.(C) Being a doctor is better than being a poet.(以偏蓋全)(D) A poet usually becomes famousafter he dies. (以偏蓋全)


Grammar teaching in a simple way chere lin

最後叮嚀

  • 單字背熟,不放棄長篇閱讀

  • 單字、文法記住規則後,更要 放到文章上下文來應用。

  • 每天必做:-- 2回克漏字測驗綜合文法應用-- 1、2篇長篇閱讀,培養思考 能力(至少熟悉單字)。


  • Login