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Title of Project Activity:Building Capabilities of Community Volunteers and Faith-Based Organizations as Advocates for Child ProtectionImplementing Organization:National Council of Social Development Foundation of the Phils, Inc. (NCSD)Activity Participants :75 Volunteers From Dagupan City, Ormoc and Tacloban City Duration of Activity:4 day each as a total of 12 days
Activity Goals and Objectives
To train and mobilize 75 faith-based and community volunteers as Frontline advocates for the promotion on child’s rights.
To improve the life situation of 60% of the targetted 400 children in need of special protection in focused areas with social and economic support of 60-75 trained volunteers advocates.
PROGRAM SCHEDULEDAY 1AM-Opening AmenitiesAdministration of Pre-Post Evaluation / QuestionnairesPresentation of Activity Goals, Objectives and ContentUnderstanding Volunteerism, basic principles and attributes of effective volunteers
DAY 2AM-Summary of Day 1 Learning Insights Understanding types of parents, parenting behaviorsFactors that lead to child abuse, neglect and exploitation by parentsProtective Behavior Against Sexual Abuse of Children
DAY 3AM-Summary of Day 2 Learning Insights-Areas for Volunteer work in CommunitiesResponding to the needs for survival, protection and development of Street children in the areaPanel Discussion – DSWD, CSWDO, Street educators and street children
DAY 4AM-Counseling as effective intervention model in helping CNSP survivors of abuse, neglect and exploitationGround level resource generationNetworking / referral system
1. Emphatic – an effective volunteer
Understand the values of others
Sensitive to other’s culture, beliefs and traditions
Shares other’s hopes, aspirations and hardships t gain trust and confidence
He/she adopts a low – key approach and profile (Hindi mayabang)
Recognizes the wisdom of others
Sheds off authoritarian tendencies
3. SensitiveHe/she is aware of and understands the needs and emotion of othersShows concern and lends a hand, especially during crisis situations4. DecisiveHe/she knows when to act and when not to actTakes into account all relevant information on an issue before deciding or taking action
7. CredibleHe/she is trusted to have the intelligence and integrity to provide correct information8. OpennessHe/she is willing to listen, learn and accept new ideas contrary even to his/her own perception or experience
He/she ensures that actions are carried out and directions properly followed
He/she has unyielding, drive to achieve or accomplish something (A Vision, Assignment or Mandate)
He/she is innovative, a dreamer, inventive, imaginative and resourceful
He/ she are able to produce “more” with available or limited resources.
15. Quality – Oriented
He/She has the desire and passion for excellence
He/She has the “caretaker” quality – inspiring, motivating, leading
17. Consensus - Seeker
His/Her communication style is geared toward dialogue, understanding and harmony and a non-adversarial, win-win relationship.
18. Sense of Urgency
He/She has a burning desire to act immediately and take advantage of opportunity to help others.
He/She can identify effects/impact of issues and events.
He/She is able to forecast and tract future events.
1. Survival Rights
2. Development Rights
3. Protection Rights
4. Participation Rights
(46.5% are sexual abuses)
These are children who are. . . . . .
Highly visible children:
More than 4 hours on the streets.
National estimate: 45,000 – 50,000
Commercial Sexual Exploitation of Children
Victims of commercial sexual abuse are:
1:6 household – children without adult supervision
A. Definition of Child Abuse
An act when a person inflicts physical or psychological harm or injury, cruelty or neglect, sexual abuse and exploitation of a child.
B. Types of Child Abuse
1. Child Physical Abuse / Maltreatment
2. Child Physical Neglect
3. Child Sexual Abuse and Sexual Exploitation
4. Emotional Child Maltreatment or Psychological Abuse
5. Child Labor
6. Child Trafficking
7. Child in Conflict with the Law
8. Child Abuse in Armed Conflict Situation
9. Child in Drug / Substance Abuse
6. Child Trafficking - immediate effect is fear for security and safety, sadness, due to separation from parents and siblings, severe anger to traffickers and those responsible for the trafficking which may even include family members, shame in case they are pushed to prostitution and others, feelings of helplessness and hopelessness for being trapped to an abuse situation.
7. Child in Conflict with the Law - immediate effect is fear, anger towards authority, aggression and hostility, longing to see mother and siblings, affects normal development, trauma of incarceration which may result to severe anger with parents and society, anti-social behavior and loss of conscience even hurting others and going deep into becoming a career criminal. Some justifies aggression and criminal behaviors for their survival and revenge to the persons who hurt and neglected them.
8. Child in Armed Conflict - immediate effect is fear for safety and security for self and family, anger and hurt for death of some members of the family which may be too traumatic resulting to deep feelings of revenge pushing of them to become child combatants, couriers, guides or spies of the rebel groups. Some children have also become objects of attack, assault, torture and other inhumane treatment. Since many children in armed conflict areas are in evacuation centers, they are unable to pursue education, have limited nutritious foods and other basic amenities for child survival resulting to illness, some disabling conditions and even death to some.
9. Child in Drug / Substance Abuse / Dependency – immediate effect is aloofness, hostility and aggression. Those in chronic drug abuse may be violent and commit acts against persons and property. Intoxification will affect the child’s alertness, thinking, perceptions, decision-making and behaviors that are either different or bizarre. Acute intoxification may also lead to accidents, suffocation, injuries, convulsions or even sudden death.
Types of Parents Characteristics
1. Procreator Parent (Taga-luwal, Taga-anak lamang, child bearer)
2. Dilettante Parent (inconsistent, pasulpot-sulpot)
3. Determinative Parent (Diktador)
4. Generative / Optimal Parent (nakikipagkapwa mapagmahal)
EMERGING ISSUES AND TRENDS AFFECTING PARENTING RESPONSIBILITIES
The following are some of the risk factors in parenting which they affect quality of parent – child relationship / interactions
1. Childhood history of parents where they were also abused and neglected and had little nurturing.
2. Parent history – crime, substance abuse, alcohol, mental, illness
3. Discipline Problems with children
4. Low self-esteem, social isolation, depression and poor coping skills of parents.
5. Multiple Stresses and Crisis in the Family
1. Child and Youth Welfare Code – Presidential Decree 603
The DSWD or his authorized representative or any duly licensed child placement agency having knowledge of a child who appears to be dependent, abandoned or neglected, may file a verified petition for involuntary commitment of said child to the case of a licensed agency or individual to the proper court.
The court upon hearing the case may terminate the rights of parents under Article 151 and can file for restoration of custody under Article 164 provided the child in the meantime has not been priority given away for adoption nor has left the country with adopting parents or guardian (Article 163). The petition for restoration of custody shall be verified by the court and shall be verified by the court and shall state that the petitioners (parent) is now able to take proper custody and care of the said child.
It must be in writing (Art. 155). It can only be restored by parent after six (6) months after surrender or voluntary commitment after verification that they are already capable to care and support the child (Art. 161)
Types of Abuse covered by the Law
2. Any act by deeds or words that debases, degrades or demeans the intrinsic worth and dignity of a child as human being.
3. Unreasonable deprivation of the child basic needs for survival such as food and shelter.
4. Failure to immediately give medical treatment to an injured child resulting to serious impairment of his/her growth and development or permanent incapacity or death.
WHEN TO REPORT
Within forty eight (48) hours upon knowledge of the abused
WHERE TO REPORT
DSWD or LGU Social Welfare and Development Office (M/CSWDO), Law Enforcement (Police), Prosecutor (Fiscal) Court, BCPC (Barangay).
IMMUNITY FOR REPORT (Section 7)
A person who, acting in good faith, shall report a case of child abuse shall be free from any civil or administrative liability arising there from. There is shall be a presumption that any such person acted in good faith.
4. Republic Act 9231 – An Act Providing for Elimination of the Worst Forms of Child Labor
5. Republic Act 92551 – An Act Allowing Illegitimate Children to use the surname of their fathers
6. Guidelines for Birth Registration of Children: CNSP, Delayed birth registration
a) Basic Principles and Rights
The passage of the law is pursuant to Art. 40 of UNCRC which provides for the:
b. Minimum Age of Criminal / Responsibility / Coverage
c.) Determination of Age
e.) Treatment of Children below 15 years old
f.) Treatment of Children above 15 but below 18 years but who acted without discernment
-follow the same treatment as (e)
g.) Treatment for those above 15 years but below who acted with discernment:
1. At the level of the Punong Baranggay
2. At the level of the law enforcement officer
3. At the level of the Appropriate Court
k.) If the diversion at different levels is successful and the child and parent cooperate, the social worker recommends to the court to dismiss the case. If not successful, the case is returned to the court for appropriate action / disposition upon reading 18 years old.
l.) If the court finds the CICL have failed to willfully complied with conditions of the rehabilitation program. The court may be brought before the court for execution of judgment. The court may also decide extend the rehabilitation program until reaching age 21 years old.
For the Parish and Community to become Child-Friendly environment for children
Generally, the following children are at risk
1.ABANDONED / SURRENDERED – Those left in hospitals, clinic, foundlings or given up by parents due to poverty or unwed pregnancy. Recent information says that about 5 –10 children are abandoned by mothers in hospitals a month – 977-2000 data of CWC/UNICEF balding head and other forms of abuse – 1,606 as of 2002 – UNICEF/CWC data
2. CHILD LABOUR – Worst forms of child labour includes exploitation in sugar cane plantation, pyrotechniques, deep sea fishing, prostitution, mining, and domestic work – 4 million as of 2003
3.NEGLECTED – Unreasonable deprivation of their basic needs for survival such as food, clothing and shelter, health services, lack of physical care, malnourished and others that are prejudicial to their normal development – 2,532 (2002 data of DSWD)
4.PSYCHOLOGICAL/EMOTIONAL ABUSE/MALTREATMENT – Behaviors which attacks child’s self-esteem and social competence affecting their intrinsic worth and dignity as a child as a human being. It includes constant nagging, rejecting, being judgemental, terrorizing, ignoring, belittling, calling names, using degrading words and similar behaviors by adults or peers – no available data.
5.SUBSTANCE/POLYDRUG USERS – Normally taken by street children and children with deep-seated emotional problems – no available data
In close coordination with the City Social Welfare and Development Office focal person handling street children and street educators. The volunteers (community advocates, faith-based) can undertake the following: (some of these can be part of the re-entry plan)
Survival Needs / Protection
-From the hazards of the street (accident, harassment by bystanders, police and pollution)
2.4 HEALTH AND MEDICAL SERVICES
2.5 PLAY AND RECREATION
2.6 LIVELIHOOD AND JOB PLACEMENTS
2.7 SPIRITUAL FUNCTION
OBJECTIVES OF COUNSELING
Do not ask questions answerable by yes or no or one-word answer.
IN TAKE INTERVIEW FOR COUNSELLING
WHAT DOES CLIENT DESIRE?
IS CHANGE DESIRED?
PROBLEM SITUATION WHAT IS THE SITUATION AND
WHAT CAN BE DONE ABOUT IT?
IS IT A CHANGE IN THE
SITUATION OR A CHANGE IN
RELATIONSHIP THAT IS DESIRED?
APPROACHES TO THEHOW WILL CLIENT APPROACH
PROBLEMTHE SITUATION TO ACHIEVE
THE DESIRED CHANGES?
WHAT ACTIVITIES WILL CLIENT
ACTION PLANNING UNDERTAKE TO ACHIEVE THE
National Council of Social Development