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Activity goals and objectives goals immediate goal

Title of Project Activity:Building Capabilities of Community Volunteers and Faith-Based Organizations as Advocates for Child ProtectionImplementing Organization:National Council of Social Development Foundation of the Phils, Inc. (NCSD)Activity Participants :75 Volunteers From Dagupan City, Ormoc and Tacloban City Duration of Activity:4 day each as a total of 12 days


Activity goals and objectives goals immediate goal

Activity Goals and Objectives

Goals:

Immediate Goal-

To train and mobilize 75 faith-based and community volunteers as Frontline advocates for the promotion on child’s rights.


Activity goals and objectives goals immediate goal

Long-term Goal-

To improve the life situation of 60% of the targetted 400 children in need of special protection in focused areas with social and economic support of 60-75 trained volunteers advocates.


Activity goals and objectives goals immediate goal

  • Specific Objectives

  • At the end of four (4) days, the 75 volunteers in 3 batches of training activities are able to:

  • Acquire a basic understanding on the history and principles of volunteerism and attributes of an effective volunteer;


Activity goals and objectives goals immediate goal

  • Know the situation of CNSP in the country and in their specific communities;


Activity goals and objectives goals immediate goal

  • Understand deeper the basic needs and rights of a child and commit themselves for their protection and development;

  • Explain the causes why children are abused, neglected and exploited and help prevent these in their respective communities;


Activity goals and objectives goals immediate goal

  • Mobilize friends, parishioners, civic leaders in their city to share part of their life personally, financially and others types of assistance for the plight of the CNSP needing protection and support;


Activity goals and objectives goals immediate goal

  • Acquire skills in undertaking volunteer work and various service modalities and strategies for the psychosocial interventions for NCSD


Activity goals and objectives goals immediate goal

  • Organize themselves as a core of volunteers advocating and promoting for child protection and thus making their area as child-friendly communities;

  • Develop a one-year program of work / re-entry plans on how to implement their learning insights from the seminar in their own communities.


Activity goals and objectives goals immediate goal

PROGRAM SCHEDULEDAY 1AM-Opening AmenitiesAdministration of Pre-Post Evaluation / QuestionnairesPresentation of Activity Goals, Objectives and ContentUnderstanding Volunteerism, basic principles and attributes of effective volunteers


Activity goals and objectives goals immediate goal

  • PM-Understanding basic needs and rights of childrenUnderstanding types of abuses on children and root causes of their behaviorsUnderstanding psychodynamics and long term effects on behavior of CNSP.Methodologies – Brainstorming, buzz sessions, case situation analysis (Joselyn and Anna) Lecture, Discussion, Video Presentations (“The Daughter” and “Good Boy”)


Activity goals and objectives goals immediate goal

DAY 2AM-Summary of Day 1 Learning Insights Understanding types of parents, parenting behaviorsFactors that lead to child abuse, neglect and exploitation by parentsProtective Behavior Against Sexual Abuse of Children


Activity goals and objectives goals immediate goal

  • PM-Salient provisions of child welfare laws that volunteers should know in child protection, advocacy and developmentChild and Youth Welfare Code (PO603)Special Protection of Children Against Child Abuse, Exploitation and Discrimination Act – RA 7610Comprehensive Juvenile Justice and Welfare System RA 9344Child Labor Law – RA 9231


Activity goals and objectives goals immediate goal

  • Methodologies – Brainstorming, case situation analysis, exercises, lecture / discussion, large group sharing


Activity goals and objectives goals immediate goal

DAY 3AM-Summary of Day 2 Learning Insights-Areas for Volunteer work in CommunitiesResponding to the needs for survival, protection and development of Street children in the areaPanel Discussion – DSWD, CSWDO, Street educators and street children


Activity goals and objectives goals immediate goal

  • PM-Alternative Family Care for ChildrenFoster Home Care / guardianshipAdoptionFamily-based Program for children survivors of sexual abuse and exploitationCommunity Diversion Services for CICLMethodologies-Brainstorming, Case situation analysis, Video Presentations, Lecture/discussions, large group sharing


Activity goals and objectives goals immediate goal

DAY 4AM-Counseling as effective intervention model in helping CNSP survivors of abuse, neglect and exploitationGround level resource generationNetworking / referral system


Activity goals and objectives goals immediate goal

  • PM-Team and Commitment Building principles and guidesAction Planning for Volunteer Program for Child Protection in the CityFaith-based groupsCommunity Volunteer AdvocatesActivity Evaluation and SynthesisAdministration of Post Test Evaluation QuestionnaireClosing of the Activity


Course content resource references materials

COURSE CONTENT / RESOURCE / REFERENCES MATERIALS

  • VOLUNTEERISM

  • -History, Basic Principles and attributes


History of volunteerism

History of Volunteerism

  • Historically, volunteerism has always been an integrative component of human services anywhere in the world in varying types, scope and purposes.


Activity goals and objectives goals immediate goal

  • When Jesus Christ selected His Twelve (12) Apostles to help Him take care of His Flocks, it was a genuine act of volunteerism (except for Judas Iscariot). The Apostles left their families and assisted Him in His ministry without remuneration until His Ascension.


Activity goals and objectives goals immediate goal

  • It is recorded that the forerunner of modern day volunteerism started in 1617 when St. Vincent de Paul organized the Ladies of Charity (now, Daughters of Charity) and tasked them to help the poor, the sick, the slaves and others in misery in those time. This was follows by the Salesian sisters of St. John Bosco and the Good Shepherd sisters in 1800 serving the women, slavery and child labor.


Activity goals and objectives goals immediate goal

  • Soon after, the Catholic Volunteer Organizations and other Faith-based groups also made extensive use of their members and the laity in reaching out for the poor, victims of war, and those who suffered most as a result of economic depressions.


Activity goals and objectives goals immediate goal

  • During World War I and II, the International Red Cross volunteers worked underground to help wounded soldiers and other victims of war. The Philippine National Red Cross Volunteers (PNRC) are does the same not only during armed conflict but in all situation of natural and man-made disasters and calamities.


Activity goals and objectives goals immediate goal

  • Volunteerism in the Philippines on the other hand, dates back from the history of the country’s struggle against the oppression of the colonizers and its clamor “Katipunan” and the “Guerilla” movements were models of volunteerism


Activity goals and objectives goals immediate goal

  • The first professionally travel social workers who founded several orphanages, YMCA, NCSD were all volunteerism, too.


Activity goals and objectives goals immediate goal

  • Like other developing country, the Philippines was recipient of several direct volunteers service which started with the coming of the Thomasite volunteer teachers during the American occupation and the fielding of the Peace Corps volunteers in the early 60’s up to the present. They are assigned in far village and agencies involved in social welfare, education, agriculture, environmental protection and management.


Activity goals and objectives goals immediate goal

  • At present, the Philippines National Volunteer Service and Coordinating Agency (PNVSCA) is responsible both in supervising foreign volunteers and sending Filipino volunteers in Africa and other thrill world countries


Basic policies philosophy values and principles in effective volunteerism

BASIC POLICIES, PHILOSOPHY, VALUES AND PRINCIPLES IN EFFECTIVE VOLUNTEERISM

  • The development of a functional volunteer program as an alternative resource in the delivery of human services to individuals, groups and communities requires careful planning and understanding basic values, Principles and Guidelines to enhance the quality of human interactions between stakeholders and the exchange of technology in the PLANNED CHANGE OR SOCIAL TRANSFORMATIONS.


1 basic values and philosophy

1. Basic Values and Philosophy

  • Respect for the worth and dignity of the individual in whatever level of status they are.

  • Belief that every individual has the capacity to change and rise above the level person survival the self-efficiency, if they are given access to opportunities. Some are just faster and some low.

  • Upholding the basic human rights and the rights of the child to SURVIVAL, PROTECTION, DEVELOPMENT AND PARTICIPATION.


2 basic principles

2. Basic Principles

  • Confidentiality – not sharing secrets and privileged information with others

  • Self-Determination – acceptance that the individual has the basic right to decide for himself/herself. Volunteers are only facilitators for the change effort.


Activity goals and objectives goals immediate goal

  • Non-Judgemental Attitude – negatively labeling the child such as malikot, magnanakaw, malandi, etc. Helping behaviors are their feelings of hurt, fear, anger, hopelessness, sadness from being separated from sibling, mothers, peers rejected by society, etc.


Attributes of an effective volunteer

ATTRIBUTES OF AN EFFECTIVE VOLUNTEER

1. Emphatic – an effective volunteer

Understand the values of others

Sensitive to other’s culture, beliefs and traditions

Shares other’s hopes, aspirations and hardships t gain trust and confidence

2. Humble

He/she adopts a low – key approach and profile (Hindi mayabang)

Recognizes the wisdom of others

Sheds off authoritarian tendencies


Activity goals and objectives goals immediate goal

3. SensitiveHe/she is aware of and understands the needs and emotion of othersShows concern and lends a hand, especially during crisis situations4. DecisiveHe/she knows when to act and when not to actTakes into account all relevant information on an issue before deciding or taking action


Activity goals and objectives goals immediate goal

  • 5. Self-ConfidentHe/she feels capable of meeting challengesHas positive self-image

  • 6. DependableHe/she is trusted to carry out his/her roles and responsibilities and able to deliver what is expected on time


Activity goals and objectives goals immediate goal

7. CredibleHe/she is trusted to have the intelligence and integrity to provide correct information8. OpennessHe/she is willing to listen, learn and accept new ideas contrary even to his/her own perception or experience


Activity goals and objectives goals immediate goal

  • 9. TransparentHis/her official acts are open to anyone to review or examine and people have access to official documents and records

  • 10. AccountableHe/she accounts for personal actions and those of partnersDoes his/her task with honesty, impartiality and morality.


Activity goals and objectives goals immediate goal

11. Responsible

He/she ensures that actions are carried out and directions properly followed

12. Tenacious

He/she has unyielding, drive to achieve or accomplish something (A Vision, Assignment or Mandate)


Activity goals and objectives goals immediate goal

13. Creative

He/she is innovative, a dreamer, inventive, imaginative and resourceful

14. Productive

He/ she are able to produce “more” with available or limited resources.


Activity goals and objectives goals immediate goal

15. Quality – Oriented

He/She has the desire and passion for excellence

16. Stewarships

He/She has the “caretaker” quality – inspiring, motivating, leading


Activity goals and objectives goals immediate goal

17. Consensus - Seeker

His/Her communication style is geared toward dialogue, understanding and harmony and a non-adversarial, win-win relationship.

18. Sense of Urgency

He/She has a burning desire to act immediately and take advantage of opportunity to help others.


Activity goals and objectives goals immediate goal

19. Anticipatory

He/She can identify effects/impact of issues and events.

20. Futuristic

He/She is able to forecast and tract future events.


B basic needs of a child

B. BASIC NEEDS OF A CHILD

  • Material needs for sufficient bodily care without which the child may not be even surviving such us: Food, Clothing and Shelter.


Activity goals and objectives goals immediate goal

  • Protection from danger, abuse and exploitation.

  • Love, care and affection as unconditional needs of every child.


Activity goals and objectives goals immediate goal

  • New experiences that bring about intellectual stimulation, mastery of his/her social environment


Activity goals and objectives goals immediate goal

  • Praise and recognition. Encouragement and reasonable expectations for their behavior as integral part of the learning process.


C rights of the child un convention on the rights of the child

C. RIGHTS OF THE CHILD-UN Convention on the Rights of the Child

  • Four (4) Broad Categories

    1. Survival Rights

  • Rights of the child for him or her to live. These include food, health, shelter, and clothing’s.


Activity goals and objectives goals immediate goal

2. Development Rights

  • The rights of the child for him or her to attain full potential. These include education, rest and recreation, play, spiritual enrichment, love, car and affection.


Activity goals and objectives goals immediate goal

3. Protection Rights

  • The rights of the child for him or her to be supported and protection. These include protection from mental, physical or sexual abuse, neglect and exploitation.


Activity goals and objectives goals immediate goal

4. Participation Rights

  • The rights of the child which will enable him or her to express his or her feelings and thoughts. These include his or her right to speak his or her opinion; to have access to good and important information; to be with his or her own peers; and his or her right to have a name and nationality which he or she needs to be identified as a member of a family, community or a society.


The rights can be summarized as follows

The Rights can be summarized as follows:

  • Rights to be born, have a name and nationality (no to abortion, to have a birth certificate etc.)


Activity goals and objectives goals immediate goal

  • To have a family who will love and care for them (own family or alternative family such as in adoption, foster home care, guardianship, kinship care)

  • To live in a peaceful community and a wholesome environment (such as living in armed conflict).


Activity goals and objectives goals immediate goal

  • To have adequate food as a healthy active body, thru formal education, alternative learning system (ALS)

  • To be given opportunity to play and leisure/recreation; a universal need of every child


Duties and responsibilities of children pd 306

Duties and Responsibilities of Children (PD 306)

  • Lend an upright and virtuous life

  • Love, respect and obey their parents

  • Love his / her brothers and sisters


Activity goals and objectives goals immediate goal

  • Develop his potentials as an individual

  • Respect his/her elders, visitors and cultural traditions

  • Participate in Civic affairs

  • Help observe human rights of others


D situation of children in need of special protection

D. SITUATION OF CHILDREN IN NEED OF SPECIAL PROTECTION

(46.5% are sexual abuses)


Children in need of special protection

Children in Need of Special Protection

These are children who are. . . . . .

  • In hazardous & exploitative labor

  • On the streets

  • Victims of sexual abuse & commercial exploitation

  • Without primary care givers


Activity goals and objectives goals immediate goal

  • In situation of armed conflict

  • In conflict with the law

  • With various forms of disability

  • Girl children

  • In ethnic / cultural communities

  • Living with HIV/AIDS


Who are in need of alternative parental care or the children in need of special protection cnsp

Who are in need of Alternative Parental Care or the Children in Need of Special Protection (CNSP)

  • Philippine Population

  • 85.2 million (total population as project by NSO for year 2005)

  • 43.4% or 32.8 million are children or below 18 years old

  • 15% or 13.5 million are below 6 years old


Types of alternative parental care

Types of Alternative Parental Care

  • ADOPTION – A socio-legal process which enables a child who cannot be reared by his biological parents acquire legal status wherein he/she can benefit from new relationships with a permanent family. Adoption establishes a parent-child relationship resulting in the same mutual rights and obligations that exist between children and their biological parents


Activity goals and objectives goals immediate goal

  • FOSTER / KINSHIP FAMILY CARE – is the provision of planned substitute parental care to a child by a licensed foster family when his/her biological parents are unable to care for him/her temporarily or permanently


Street children

Street Children

Highly visible children:

More than 4 hours on the streets.

National estimate: 45,000 – 50,000

  • 75% with families

  • 20% refrain from going home

  • 5% without families


Activity goals and objectives goals immediate goal

Commercial Sexual Exploitation of Children

  • Trafficking

  • Child Prostitution

  • Child Pornography

    Victims of commercial sexual abuse are:

  • Mostly females, ages 13-18

  • Initiated into the sex trade as early as age 10

  • Belong to a large family

  • Mostly out of school / drop-outs


Dswd reported cases of csec

DSWD Reported Cases of CSEC


Children working under the worst form of child labor

Children working under the Worst form of Child Labor

  • 4 Million child laborers ages 5 to 7

  • 59.4% or 2.4 million are exposed to hazards

  • 6:10 children are unpaid

  • 60% of them are in agricultural areas


Activity goals and objectives goals immediate goal

  • 36.5% of working children do not go to school

  • Child Labor as defined by ILO

    • Forced Labor

    • Hazardous and exploitative conditions

    • Deprived of education opportunities

  • DSWD – 2002-2003 – 626 cases [male-251 (40%) / female-375(69%)]


Children in conflict with the law

Children in Conflict with the Law

  • Profile of children in Conflict with the law:

  • Usually male

  • Between ages 14-17

  • Elementary graduate

  • Middle child; from a low-income family

  • Charged with property related crimes, rape and murder


Activity goals and objectives goals immediate goal

  • Exposed to drugs or gang influence

  • Youth Offender – over 9 but under 18 years of age at time of commission of Offense

  • As of September 2005, there were over 4,ooo children in jail and detention centers all over the country; more than 10,000 cases involving children were handled by Public Attorney’s Office

  • Most of them were charged with minor crimes such as petty theft, sniffing of glue or solvents, vagrancy and violation


Children without primary care givers

Children without Primary Care Givers

  • 1993 Survey of households – 16% households have children below 12 years old

    1:6 household – children without adult supervision

    DSWD Statistics

    20022003

    Abandoned10791134

    Neglected25492560


Children in situation of armed conflict

Children in Situation of Armed Conflict

  • As combatants, couriers, guides, medical aides or spies

  • 13-18% of armed rebel groups

  • 13-17 years old

  • 55% boys; 45% girls

  • Children of poor farmer

  • Elementary school drop outs

  • 115 child combatants captured or surrendered


Children in various circumstances of disability

Children in Various Circumstances of Disability

  • More boys than girls

  • 1:5 children in 0-6 age bracket has some form of disability

  • 10-14 age group has the highest prevalence rate

  • most common forms of impairment are hearing or visual impairment

  • more than half are acquired and can be prevented


Children and hiv aids

Children and HIV/AIDS

  • Every minute 6 young people 15-24 years old become infected with HIV/AIDS

  • 242 AIDS related deaths

  • 38 children are HIV positive

  • 15 children have feel blown AIDS

  • 9 children have died


Children in ethnic cultural communities

Children in Ethnic / Cultural Communities

  • ­12-15 million (IPs National Commission on IPs, 1998)

  • 2.5 million indigenous children

  • Live I remote areas usually accessible only by foot

  • Have limited access to basic social services

  • Often suffer from discrimination and neglect


E types and immediate effects of child abuse

E. TYPES AND IMMEDIATE EFFECTS OF CHILD ABUSE

A. Definition of Child Abuse

An act when a person inflicts physical or psychological harm or injury, cruelty or neglect, sexual abuse and exploitation of a child.


Activity goals and objectives goals immediate goal

B. Types of Child Abuse

1. Child Physical Abuse / Maltreatment

2. Child Physical Neglect

3. Child Sexual Abuse and Sexual Exploitation


Activity goals and objectives goals immediate goal

4. Emotional Child Maltreatment or Psychological Abuse

5. Child Labor

6. Child Trafficking

7. Child in Conflict with the Law

8. Child Abuse in Armed Conflict Situation

9. Child in Drug / Substance Abuse


Effects of child abuse

Effects of Child Abuse

  • 1. Child Physical Abuse / Maltreatment – immediate effect is injury or even death. Psychologically, a maltreated child has difficulty in relating with adult figures, may develop lack of empathy and social attachment with others, passive-aggressive behavior, may hurt or “boss” other children, hostile, passive or withdrawn. If not helped, they may revisit the abuse experience in their parenting style and may abuse or hurt their own children and others.


Activity goals and objectives goals immediate goal

  • 2. Child Physical Neglect – immediate effect is malnutrition retardation, illness and even death. Normal development will be stunted or delayed, mistrustful, difficulty in socializing and bonding with others, persecution complex, uncaring for others.


Effects of child abuse1

Effects of Child Abuse

  • 3. Child Sexual Abuse and Sexual Exploitation – immediate effects are; severe anger with abuser, injury, loss of virginity, blaming uncooperative mothers and family members in case of incest, separation from family, peer and school; shame and guilt for not reporting abuse or accommodation syndrome. Long-term consequences if not helped by social workers, mental health disciplines and parents may include damaged self-esteem and self-image, mood swings worthlessness, relationship problems including with spouse and children. Sexual problems / sexual identities, difficulty in expressing emotions or tendency to suppress feelings, difficulty in trusting others, distant, an aloof, cannot provide physical affections with children, chronic depression, and worst, psychosis. When they become parents, they may revisit the experience and abuse their own children.


Activity goals and objectives goals immediate goal

  • 4. Children Emotional Maltreatment or Psychological Abuse - immediate effect is low self-esteem, hostile, withdrawn. Hey can be passive-aggressive, low self-image, revengeful and unable to trust others, violent at times.


Effects of child abuse2

Effects of Child Abuse

  • 5. Child Labor – immediate effects are frequent illness and even death due to accidents and exposure to hazardous physical environment, grave danger of being sexually abused, exploited and maltreated or involved in high-risk behaviors such as substances abuse, prostitution and alcohol. The normal growth and development of these children are stunted or delayed due inability to pursue education, participate in appropriate group play and recreation, acquisition of positive new experiences which will enrich their life. <moreover, this sectoral group has tendency to blame their parents and society in general due the culture of poverty and hopelessness they are in.


Effects of child abuse3

Effects of Child Abuse

6. Child Trafficking - immediate effect is fear for security and safety, sadness, due to separation from parents and siblings, severe anger to traffickers and those responsible for the trafficking which may even include family members, shame in case they are pushed to prostitution and others, feelings of helplessness and hopelessness for being trapped to an abuse situation.


Effects of child abuse4

Effects of Child Abuse

7. Child in Conflict with the Law - immediate effect is fear, anger towards authority, aggression and hostility, longing to see mother and siblings, affects normal development, trauma of incarceration which may result to severe anger with parents and society, anti-social behavior and loss of conscience even hurting others and going deep into becoming a career criminal. Some justifies aggression and criminal behaviors for their survival and revenge to the persons who hurt and neglected them.


Effects of child abuse5

Effects of Child Abuse

8. Child in Armed Conflict - immediate effect is fear for safety and security for self and family, anger and hurt for death of some members of the family which may be too traumatic resulting to deep feelings of revenge pushing of them to become child combatants, couriers, guides or spies of the rebel groups. Some children have also become objects of attack, assault, torture and other inhumane treatment. Since many children in armed conflict areas are in evacuation centers, they are unable to pursue education, have limited nutritious foods and other basic amenities for child survival resulting to illness, some disabling conditions and even death to some.


Effects of child abuse6

Effects of Child Abuse

9. Child in Drug / Substance Abuse / Dependency – immediate effect is aloofness, hostility and aggression. Those in chronic drug abuse may be violent and commit acts against persons and property. Intoxification will affect the child’s alertness, thinking, perceptions, decision-making and behaviors that are either different or bizarre. Acute intoxification may also lead to accidents, suffocation, injuries, convulsions or even sudden death.


F psychodynamics behaviors common to abused and exploited children

F. PSYCHODYNAMICS / BEHAVIORS COMMON TO ABUSED AND EXPLOITED CHILDREN


F psychodynamics behaviors common to abused and exploited children1

F. PSYCHODYNAMICS / BEHAVIORS COMMON TO ABUSED AND EXPLOITED CHILDREN


G types of parents and parenting behaviors

G. TYPES OF PARENTS AND PARENTING BEHAVIORS

Types of Parents Characteristics

1. Procreator Parent (Taga-luwal, Taga-anak lamang, child bearer)

  • Low emotions, does not express love and affection to the child

  • Neglected, abusive

  • Does not give herself/himself to the child

  • They only bore, the child, there is no love, emotional bonding between the child and the parent


Activity goals and objectives goals immediate goal

2. Dilettante Parent (inconsistent, pasulpot-sulpot)

  • Emotion is high but does no give much herself/himself to the child: example rich families and many (yaya) takes care of the child


G types of parents and parenting behaviors1

G. TYPES OF PARENTS AND PARENTING BEHAVIORS

3. Determinative Parent (Diktador)

  • Gives a lot of physical attention to the child but has low emotional involvement

  • Experts a lot from the child because he/she has to give too much to the child. Example: Aalagaan kita pero dapat aalagaan mo rin ako


Activity goals and objectives goals immediate goal

4. Generative / Optimal Parent (nakikipagkapwa mapagmahal)

  • High emotional involvement on the child. Gives a lot to the child

  • Look at the children as persons

  • They listen and negotiate with the child

  • Indulgent, accepting but not controlling

  • Consult their children


H factors that influences parenting behaviors which may result to abuse neglect and exploitation

H. FACTORS THAT INFLUENCES PARENTING BEHAVIORS WHICH MAY RESULT TO ABUSE, NEGLECT AND EXPLOITATION

EMERGING ISSUES AND TRENDS AFFECTING PARENTING RESPONSIBILITIES

  • The worsening spectrum of family disintegration threatening family solidarity, the basic unit of society where social functioning is learned ordinarily by all human being. The relationship problems at home often results to separation, annulment, divorce, pushing the children to leave their homes and stay elsewhere, sometimes on the streets.


Activity goals and objectives goals immediate goal

  • Increasing number of common-law and live-in relationship

  • Increasing domestic violence, battering of women in an intimate relationship

  • Increasing number of cases of child sexual abuse perpetuated by family members (fathers, brothers, uncle, siblings, grandfathers, stepfathers) Increasing number of common-law and live-in relationship


Activity goals and objectives goals immediate goal

  • Poverty in the rural areas encourages the families to more to the urban centers for survival and consequently feelings of hopelessness in urban life. The loss of family support, lack of access, advice and protection while in urban centers makes the members of the family vulnerable to exploitation, harassment and other forms of abuse.


Activity goals and objectives goals immediate goal

  • The feminization of industry and overseas employment of parents alienating any of them (father or mother) from their children from deep emotional bonding and attachment between them. Sometimes, this results to sexual abuse and others forms of maladjustments in the family relationships or parent child relationships


Activity goals and objectives goals immediate goal

  • Emergence of new family structures and systems which affects / challenges the traditional value systems. No more or demonizing “buffer zones” or mediation role by the extended family nuclear and in-laws. Grandparents are no longer accepted in the nuclear family home


Activity goals and objectives goals immediate goal

  • The improvement of information technology and tri-media which changes the socio-cultural values among people and which also exposes. The children from undesirable image of violence and sex which are not checked or reviewed by MTRCB and the parents themselves.


Activity goals and objectives goals immediate goal

  • The widespread use of cellphone (text messaging / internet café which bring about negative / adverse effects on the quality of parent-children relationship). It diminishes socialization among family members


Activity goals and objectives goals immediate goal

  • Increasing value of consumerism and materialism by families resulting to “commoditification” of children where parent/s stepparents would even push their children to the flesh trade or prostitution or exploitative child labor for money.


Activity goals and objectives goals immediate goal

  • Social and economic dislocation of families as result of armed conflict, natural calamities affecting family relationships and development


Risk factors in parenting

RISK FACTORS IN PARENTING

The following are some of the risk factors in parenting which they affect quality of parent – child relationship / interactions

1. Childhood history of parents where they were also abused and neglected and had little nurturing.

Resulting Problem:

  • Unable to trust others

  • Fearful about life / situations

  • Main repeat parenting patterns of family abuse

  • Emotionally needy / low self-esteem

  • Unable to establish positive bonding and attachment to their own children, due to lack of nurturing experience themselves


Activity goals and objectives goals immediate goal

2. Parent history – crime, substance abuse, alcohol, mental, illness

Resulting Problem:

  • Unable to attend to the care and needs of the children due to intoxication

  • Mental illness or improvement makes the parent unavailable to this children

  • May harm the children when out of control


Activity goals and objectives goals immediate goal

3. Discipline Problems with children

Resulting Problem:

  • Increased stress of the parents

    4. Low self-esteem, social isolation, depression and poor coping skills of parents.

    Resulting Problem:

  • Delays in the social development of children

  • Poor problem solving skills

  • High stress levels in parents and children may result to low energy and impatience


Activity goals and objectives goals immediate goal

5. Multiple Stresses and Crisis in the Family

Resulting Problems:

  • High stress levels in parents and kids may result to poor coping skills

  • Little time of energy to focus on children needs

  • Domestic violence


Activity goals and objectives goals immediate goal

  • 6. Potential Violence within the Family home

    Resulting Problems:

    • Physical and emotional harm to parent(s) and / or children

    • Parental violence is modeled to the children

    • Little energy to focus on the children


Activity goals and objectives goals immediate goal

  • 7. Unrealistic expectation for the child. Lacks knowledge on child / care development

    Resulting Problems:

    • Parents perceive child as always demanding, provocative

    • Child does not experience mastery, has low self-esteem

    • Parents respond inconsistency to child and child gets confused


Activity goals and objectives goals immediate goal

  • 8. Child is neglected or at – risk for poor bonding or poor parent-child interaction

    Resulting Problems:

    • Attachment disorder

    • Negative feelings towards child

    • Less love or more impatience

    • Less time for the child


Activity goals and objectives goals immediate goal

  • 9. Harsh punishment of the rejected / unwanted child

    Resulting Problems:

    • Harm to the child (physical or emotional)

    • Parental frustration, feeling of hurt, rejection or anger


Activity goals and objectives goals immediate goal

I. SALIENT PROVISON OF CHILD WELFARE LEGISLATIONS THAT VOLUNTEERS SHOULD KNOW FOR EFFECTIVE PARTICIPATION AND ADVOCACY ON CHILD PROTECTION

1. Child and Youth Welfare Code – Presidential Decree 603

  • Article 19 – Absence or death of Parents, Grandparents and in their defaults, the oldest brother or sister who is at least 18 years of age or relative who has actual custody of the child shall exercise parental although in case of absence or death by both parent.


Activity goals and objectives goals immediate goal

  • Article 21 – Dependent, Abandoned and Neglected Child. The dependent, abandoned and neglected child shall be under the parental authority of the suitable or accredited person or an institution that is caring for him/her as provided for under the law. After the child has been declared either by the court or the DSWD. This means that when a child is found abandoned or unattended to in a place, the volunteer must not take the child to the DSWD and not to any private person.


Activity goals and objectives goals immediate goal

  • Article 142 – Petition for Involuntary Commitment of a child.

    The DSWD or his authorized representative or any duly licensed child placement agency having knowledge of a child who appears to be dependent, abandoned or neglected, may file a verified petition for involuntary commitment of said child to the case of a licensed agency or individual to the proper court.

    The court upon hearing the case may terminate the rights of parents under Article 151 and can file for restoration of custody under Article 164 provided the child in the meantime has not been priority given away for adoption nor has left the country with adopting parents or guardian (Article 163). The petition for restoration of custody shall be verified by the court and shall be verified by the court and shall state that the petitioners (parent) is now able to take proper custody and care of the said child.


Activity goals and objectives goals immediate goal

  • Article 154 – Voluntary Commitment of a child to an institution. The parent or guardian of a dependent, abandoned or neglected child may voluntary commit him/her to the DSWD or any licensed child placement agency or individual subject the provision of the court.

    It must be in writing (Art. 155). It can only be restored by parent after six (6) months after surrender or voluntary commitment after verification that they are already capable to care and support the child (Art. 161)


2 domestic adoption act of 1998 ra 8552

2. Domestic Adoption Act of 1998 RA 8552

  • Article 1 Section 3 – Simulation of Birth. This is tampering of the civil registry making it appear in the birth records that a certain child was born to a person who is not his/her biological mother, causing child to lose his/her true identity and status


Activity goals and objectives goals immediate goal

  • Article VII Section 21 - Violations and Penalties. Any Person who shall cause the fictitious registration of a child under the name(s) of a person(s) shall be guilty of SIMULATION OF BIRTH and shall be punished prison major (6 months to 12 years imprisonment) or fine not exceeding fifty Thousand Pesos (P 50,000.00).


Activity goals and objectives goals immediate goal

3. Republic Act 7610 – Special Protection of Children against Child Abuse, Exploitation and Discrimination. Act – July 22, 1991.

  • Age Coverage – persons below eighteen (18) years of age of those over but are unable to fully take over of themselves or protect themselves from abuse, neglect, cruelty, exploitation or discrimination because of a physical or mental disability or condition. This means that 20 years old mentally challenge (retarded) is abused (sexually, physically, and emotionally), she is covered by the law.


Activity goals and objectives goals immediate goal

Types of Abuse covered by the Law

  • 1. Psychological and Physical abuse, neglect, sexual abuse and emotional maltreatment.

    • Incest by fathers, siblings, grandfathers

    • Rape by other persons and relatives including a child below 18 yrs old who will be prosecuted under RA 9344, or comprehensive Juvenile Justice and Welfare System Act

    • Child Prostitution

    • Acts of lasciviousness / molestation

    • Child Trafficking

    • Pornography

    • Child Labor

    • Abandoned, neglect other forms of abuse


Activity goals and objectives goals immediate goal

2. Any act by deeds or words that debases, degrades or demeans the intrinsic worth and dignity of a child as human being.

3. Unreasonable deprivation of the child basic needs for survival such as food and shelter.

4. Failure to immediately give medical treatment to an injured child resulting to serious impairment of his/her growth and development or permanent incapacity or death.


Who may file a complaint

WHO MAY FILE A COMPLAINT

  • The offended party (the child voluntarily or assisted by an adult. If parents are not supportive, she/he can file by herself/himself alone)

  • Parents or guardians

  • Ascendant or collateral relative within the 3rd degree of consanguinity or blood relations


Activity goals and objectives goals immediate goal

  • Officer, social worker or representative of a licensed child-caring institution

  • Officer or social worker of the DSWD / LGU

  • Barangay Chairman

  • At least 3 concerned, responsible, officials citizens where violation occurred

  • Teacher, government workers, officials involved with children

  • Private / Public hospitals / Clinical


Activity goals and objectives goals immediate goal

WHEN TO REPORT

Within forty eight (48) hours upon knowledge of the abused

WHERE TO REPORT

DSWD or LGU Social Welfare and Development Office (M/CSWDO), Law Enforcement (Police), Prosecutor (Fiscal) Court, BCPC (Barangay).


Activity goals and objectives goals immediate goal

IMMUNITY FOR REPORT (Section 7)

A person who, acting in good faith, shall report a case of child abuse shall be free from any civil or administrative liability arising there from. There is shall be a presumption that any such person acted in good faith.


Activity goals and objectives goals immediate goal

4. Republic Act 9231 – An Act Providing for Elimination of the Worst Forms of Child Labor

5. Republic Act 92551 – An Act Allowing Illegitimate Children to use the surname of their fathers

6. Guidelines for Birth Registration of Children: CNSP, Delayed birth registration


Salient provisions of r a 9344 an act establishing the juvenile justice and welfare act

SALIENT PROVISIONS OF R.A. 9344 (An Act Establishing the Juvenile Justice and Welfare Act)

a) Basic Principles and Rights

The passage of the law is pursuant to Art. 40 of UNCRC which provides for the:

  • promotion of worth provides for and legal safeguards for a child accused of having been in conflict with the law


Activity goals and objectives goals immediate goal

  • application of the principle of restorative justice

  • right not to be subjected to fortune and other cruel inhuman or degrading treatment or punishment.


Activity goals and objectives goals immediate goal

  • right not to be imposed a sentence of capital punishment or life imprisonment without possibility of release.

  • right not to be deprived, unlawfully or arbitrarily of his / her liberty; detention or imprisonment being a disposition of last resort and shall be for the shortest appropriate period of time.


Activity goals and objectives goals immediate goal

  • right to privacy, bail, recognizance and diversion

  • right to automatic suspension of sentence, probation as alternative to imprisonment.


Activity goals and objectives goals immediate goal

b. Minimum Age of Criminal / Responsibility / Coverage

  • A child fifteen (15) years of age or under at the time of the commission of the offense shall be EXEMPT from criminal liability. However, the child shall be subjected to an intervention program.


Activity goals and objectives goals immediate goal

  • A child above fifteen (15) years but below eighteen (18) years of age shall likewise be exempt from criminal liability and be subjected to an intervention program, unless HE/SHE HAS ACTED WITH DISCERNMENT (to perceive clearly with the mind or senses or showing good judgment in his / her perception) in which case, such child shall be subjected to appropriate proceedings (in justice system) in accordance with this Law.


Activity goals and objectives goals immediate goal

c.) Determination of Age

  • Birth Certificate

  • Baptismal Certificate

  • Other pertinent documents

  • His / her own testimonies or other persons

  • Physical appearance

  • In case of doubt of his /her age it shall be resolved in his / her favor!

  • In case of contest / complain regarding his age, he court should decide the case within 24 hours upon receipt of case appropriate pleadings of all interested parties.


Activity goals and objectives goals immediate goal

d.) Structures

  • A Juvenile Justice and Welfare Council is created to oversee the implementation of the law. The Council shall be under administrative supervision BUT chaired by the DSWD.


Activity goals and objectives goals immediate goal

e.) Treatment of Children below 15 years old

  • Immediately release the child to the custody of parents or guardian or in absence thereof: to the

  • Nearest relative or if they cannot be located or refuse to take custody of the child to:

    • licensed NGO

    • religious organization

    • barangay official or a member of BCPC

    • Local Social Welfare and Development

    • DSWD

    • if abandoned, neglected or abused or parents will not comply, the DSWD or LSWDO to file petition for involuntary commitment to proper court (PD603)


Activity goals and objectives goals immediate goal

f.) Treatment of Children above 15 but below 18 years but who acted without discernment

-follow the same treatment as (e)

g.) Treatment for those above 15 years but below who acted with discernment:

  • Rather than detention, the CICL shall undergo DIVERSION PROGRAM without undergoing court proceedings. (Diversion refers to an alternative child-appropriate process of determining the responsibility and treatment of CICL)


Activity goals and objectives goals immediate goal

  • If imposable penalty is not more than six (6) years, the law enforcement officer (police) or punong barangay with the help of the local social welfare and development office (city or municipality) or other members of the LCPC shall conduct Mediation, Family Conferences and Conciliation or other Modes of Conflict Resolution modes to achieve restorative justice. The result of mediation shall be in writing and signed by parties concerned and appropriate authorities


Activity goals and objectives goals immediate goal

  • In victimless crimes (no private offended party) where the imposable penalty is not more than six (6) years imprisonment, the local social welfare and development officer shall meet the child and his / her parents or guardians for the development of appropriate diversion and rehabilitation in coordination with the BCPC


Activity goals and objectives goals immediate goal

  • Where the imposable penalty for the crime committed exceeds six (6) years of imprisonment, diversion measures may be resorted only be the court.


Activity goals and objectives goals immediate goal

  • If the impossible penalty exceeds six (6) months and the parents or guardian DOES NOT CONSENT TO DIVERSION, the Punong Baranggay and the law enforcement officer handling the case shall within 3 days forward the record to the prosecutor or to the judge concerned for the conduct of inquest or preliminary investigation to determine need whether or not the child should remain in custody or correspondingly charged in court.


H factors in determining diversion program

h.) Factors in determining diversion program

  • The nature and circumstances of the offense charged.

  • The frequency and severity of the act.

  • The circumstances of the child (e.g: age, maturity, intelligence etc.)

  • The influence of the family and environment on the growth of the child.

  • The reparation of injury to the victims.

  • The weight of the evidence against the child.

  • The safety of the community.

  • The best interest of the child.


I factors in the formulation of the diversion program

i.) Factors in the Formulation of the Diversion Program.

  • The child’s feelings of remorse (deep regret for wrongdoing) for the offense he/she committed.

  • The parents or legal guardian’s ability to guide and supervise the child.

  • The victim’s view about the propriety (correctness of the behavior) of the measures to be imposed

  • The availability of community-based programs for the rehabilitation and reintegration of the child


J kinds of diversion programs only for 45 days

j. Kinds of Diversion Programs (Only for 45 days)

1. At the level of the Punong Baranggay

  • Restitution of property

  • Reparation of the damaged caused.

  • Indemnification of consequential damages (compensation for damaged done)

  • Written or oral apology

  • Care, guidance and supervision orders.


Activity goals and objectives goals immediate goal

  • Counseling for the CICL and the child’s family

  • Attendance in trainings, seminars and lectures on:

  • anger management skills

  • problem solving / conflict resolution skills

  • values formation

  • other skills which will aid the child in dealing with situations which can lead to repetition of the offense.

  • Participation in available community-based programs including community service

  • Participation in education, vocational and life skills programs


Activity goals and objectives goals immediate goal

2. At the level of the law enforcement officer

  • Diversion same at Punong baranggay level

  • Confiscation and forfeiture of the proceeds or instruments of the crime.

    3. At the level of the Appropriate Court

  • Diversion same as Punong Baranggay and Law Enforcement

  • Written or oral reprimand

  • Fine

  • Payment of the cost of proceedings

  • Institutional care and custody


Activity goals and objectives goals immediate goal

k.) If the diversion at different levels is successful and the child and parent cooperate, the social worker recommends to the court to dismiss the case. If not successful, the case is returned to the court for appropriate action / disposition upon reading 18 years old.


Activity goals and objectives goals immediate goal

l.) If the court finds the CICL have failed to willfully complied with conditions of the rehabilitation program. The court may be brought before the court for execution of judgment. The court may also decide extend the rehabilitation program until reaching age 21 years old.


Areas for volunteerism in communities parishes

AREAS FOR VOLUNTEERISM IN COMMUNITIES/ PARISHES

For the Parish and Community to become Child-Friendly environment for children

GOAL -


High risk children

HIGH RISK CHILDREN

Generally, the following children are at risk

  • ILLEGITIMATE

  • NO POSITIVE BONDING AND ATTACHMENT WITH PARENTS DURING EARLY CHILDHOOD – 0 –6 YEARS OLD

  • EMOTIONALLY REJECTED, NEGLECTED BY PARENTS / GUARDIANS

  • BORN WITH DISABILITY (Physically and mentally challenged, down syndrome, hearing or visually impaired, palsy etc)


Activity goals and objectives goals immediate goal

  • PARENTS ARE ABSENT FOR OVERSEAS EMPLOYMENT WHEN STILL A BABY OR UNDER SIX, EXPERIENCED MATERNAL DEPRIVATION

  • EFFEMINATE / TOMBOYISH

  • NOT EDUCATED / OUT OF SCHOOL

  • ENGAGED IN CHILD LABOUR (WORST FORMS)

  • PARENTS SEPARATED, STAYING WITH ABUSIVE STEP PARENTS


Activity goals and objectives goals immediate goal

  • LIVING WITH DYSFUNCTIONAL, SEVERELY DISTURED/CHAOTIC PARENTS

  • PARENTS MENTALLY ILL

  • INSTITUTIONALIZED

  • LOW SELF-ESTEEM

  • FATHER DOMESTICATED “UNDER DE SAYA”

  • CHILDREN OF INCARCERATED PARENTS SUFFERING FROM TRAUMA/SURVIVAL


Activity goals and objectives goals immediate goal

  • PARENTS WERE ABUSED THEMSELVES AS A CHILD AND ARE LIKELY REPEATING/REVISITING THE ABUSE EXPERIENCE WITH OWN CHILDREN

  • CHILDREN WHO EXPERIENCED VIOLENCE AND ARMED CONFLICT

  • INDIGENOUS PEOPLE

  • BIG FAMILY

  • IN POVERTY SITUATION

  • BIRTH NOT REGISTERED


Children in need of special protection1

CHILDREN IN NEED OF SPECIAL PROTECTION

1.ABANDONED / SURRENDERED – Those left in hospitals, clinic, foundlings or given up by parents due to poverty or unwed pregnancy. Recent information says that about 5 –10 children are abandoned by mothers in hospitals a month – 977-2000 data of CWC/UNICEF balding head and other forms of abuse – 1,606 as of 2002 – UNICEF/CWC data


Activity goals and objectives goals immediate goal

2. CHILD LABOUR – Worst forms of child labour includes exploitation in sugar cane plantation, pyrotechniques, deep sea fishing, prostitution, mining, and domestic work – 4 million as of 2003


Activity goals and objectives goals immediate goal

3.NEGLECTED – Unreasonable deprivation of their basic needs for survival such as food, clothing and shelter, health services, lack of physical care, malnourished and others that are prejudicial to their normal development – 2,532 (2002 data of DSWD)


Activity goals and objectives goals immediate goal

4.PSYCHOLOGICAL/EMOTIONAL ABUSE/MALTREATMENT – Behaviors which attacks child’s self-esteem and social competence affecting their intrinsic worth and dignity as a child as a human being. It includes constant nagging, rejecting, being judgemental, terrorizing, ignoring, belittling, calling names, using degrading words and similar behaviors by adults or peers – no available data.


Activity goals and objectives goals immediate goal

5.SUBSTANCE/POLYDRUG USERS – Normally taken by street children and children with deep-seated emotional problems – no available data


Responding to the needs and protection of street children in the city

RESPONDING TO THE NEEDS AND PROTECTION OF STREET CHILDREN IN THE CITY

In close coordination with the City Social Welfare and Development Office focal person handling street children and street educators. The volunteers (community advocates, faith-based) can undertake the following: (some of these can be part of the re-entry plan)


1 1 survival needs protection

1.1 Survival Needs / Protection

Survival Needs / Protection

  • Providing them food at least twice a day. Some of possible strategies are:

  • Supplemented nutrition feeding of CSWDO, NGO, Parish and People’s Organizations


Activity goals and objectives goals immediate goal

  • Mobilizing community / parishioners and volunteers themselves to alternately feed 2 to 3 street children daily while they are not yet reunited with families, referred to a residential facility or placement in other alternative homes.


Activity goals and objectives goals immediate goal

  • Negotiating with the wet market administrator to all the children clean (without child labor) the market place daily but in return motivate fish/meal/vegetable vendors to donate a fish each/day and “buto-buto”, rice and vegetables. Have the street educators supervise the cooking for the children’s meals.


Activity goals and objectives goals immediate goal

  • Negotiating with the food / restaurants to donate food for the street children and “taong grasa” (tramps/beggars). Have these recycled / re-cooked in the identified volunteer kitchen


Activity goals and objectives goals immediate goal

  • Student volunteers to be mobilized for feeding needs of street children

  • Other strategies applicable in the area


2 2 safety and security

2.2 Safety and Security

-From the hazards of the street (accident, harassment by bystanders, police and pollution)


Activity goals and objectives goals immediate goal

  • Assisting Street Educators look a safe house where they can sleep particularly during rainy season and typhoons meanwhile that they are still on the street. (abandoned houses, school, tents, construction of bahay kubo, abandoned jeepney / trucks put together and repainted, abandoned container van / repainted etc)


Activity goals and objectives goals immediate goal

  • Facilitating reunification with parents / relatives or immediate referral in residential care facilities


Activity goals and objectives goals immediate goal

  • Negotiating with LGU (police for curfew hour for street children and placing all of the city and cockfits during nighttime. Street-based education sessions can be conducted her as it is a more controlled settling.


Activity goals and objectives goals immediate goal

  • Constructing improvised sleeping quarters in marketplace.

  • Other Strategies applicable in the area.


2 3 alternative home placement it abandoned or cannot be immediate returned to parents

2.3 ALTERNATIVE HOME PLACEMENT – It abandoned or cannot be immediate returned to parents


Activity goals and objectives goals immediate goal

  • Recruitment of Parish Councils / Faith-based leaders to apply as DSWD Licensed Foster Homes / Parents on Temporary or Long-term


Activity goals and objectives goals immediate goal

  • Some may be motivated to become adoptive parents (thru court) although this may be very expensive-costs ranges from P 20, 000 to P 80,000 due to lawyers’ fee, newspaper publication, court fees etc.


Activity goals and objectives goals immediate goal

  • Street Children may be discussed I the pulpit during masses or announced in the Bulletin Board. The DSWD / CDSWDO technical staff may be requested to conduct Foster Home Care and Adoption clinics on Sundays.


Activity goals and objectives goals immediate goal

  • The volunteers may help the Street Educators search for the Children’s relatives and place them on Kinship Care. Kins may be provided support with jobs so they will be able to finally support the maintenance of the street children. Kins must not be abusive.

  • Other alternative strategic applicable in the area.


Activity goals and objectives goals immediate goal

2.4 HEALTH AND MEDICAL SERVICES

  • Helping the Street Educators take / refer the children for medical consultation and treatment in local clinics / hospitals

  • Conducting regular medical mission in the Parish Church / Community

  • Mobilizing physicians / clinics students to done medicines and vitamins for the street children


Activity goals and objectives goals immediate goal

2.5 PLAY AND RECREATION

  • Soliciting funds for purchased of play equipment / supplies, uniform, shoes

  • Sponsoring sports fest competitions among street children

  • Requesting schools to conduct sports clinics


Activity goals and objectives goals immediate goal

2.6 LIVELIHOOD AND JOB PLACEMENTS

  • Helping the bigger street children undertake livelihood activities appropriate for their age, level of maturity and health without violation of child labor laws. Vending activities


Activity goals and objectives goals immediate goal

  • Finding jobs to street children not violation of child labor laws such as gardener, service crew I restaurants, street sweeper, garbage collectors using carts, wet market baggers, church janitors and similar jobs


Activity goals and objectives goals immediate goal

2.7 SPIRITUAL FUNCTION

  • Catechism with sessions on values education

  • Bible studies


3 abandoned founding and total orphans negelected without primary caregivers

3. ABANDONED / FOUNDING AND TOTAL ORPHANS NEGELECTED WITHOUT PRIMARY CAREGIVERS

  • Referring these children immediately to the City Social Welfare Office or any licensed child caring institution. Volunteers should not take these children in their homes unless they are licensed as foster homes by DSWD. They can be charged of Child Trafficking


Activity goals and objectives goals immediate goal

  • Never give these children to private families and simulate the birth of the child. This is illegal and has corresponding sanctions under existing law (Domestic Adoption Law)


Activity goals and objectives goals immediate goal

  • Report Founding (found in garage, street etc) to the CSWO or to the police for immediate investigation


4 sexually abused sexually exploited child

4. SEXUALLY ABUSED / SEXUALLY EXPLOITED CHILD

  • Request the Priest or Pastor of your parish to report the case to the Barangay Chairman or direct to the City Social Welfare Office or the Local Police within 48 hours upon knowledge of the abuse.


Activity goals and objectives goals immediate goal

  • If the abuser is the father and put to jail and the mother has no source of income for the survival or education of the children. Volunteers should conduct a ground level resource generation so they solicit funds for the family’s livelihood activity.


Activity goals and objectives goals immediate goal

  • Volunteers should provide crisis counseling to the grieving mother and children and help them go through the mourning period.


Activity goals and objectives goals immediate goal

  • Priest / Pastor’s should announce in the pulpit to help child and family not be subject of nasty rumors. After all, the abuse is not the fault of child. She is the victim and should not be blamed or be shamed as result of the abuse experience.


Activity goals and objectives goals immediate goal

  • Helping the child and the parent undertake / supervise the healing and recovery treatment interventions while at home in close coordinator with the local social worker.


Activity goals and objectives goals immediate goal

  • Conducting session on protective behavior against child sexual abuse with the help of the local social workers


Activity goals and objectives goals immediate goal

  • Developing a community program for early detection and prevention of child sexual abuse and sexual exploitation (commercial sex exploitation, pornography, cybersex and similar sexual exploitation illegal activities). Have this reported to the local police or NBI or City Social welfare for arrest.


Activity goals and objectives goals immediate goal

  • Reporting to NBI / Police Child Prostitution Brothers or Sex Dens where children are hired on commercial sex exploitation.


Activity goals and objectives goals immediate goal

  • Facilitating application of avail of the DOJ Victim Assistance and compensation to children victims of sexual abuse with six months after filing of cases. The children can avail of P 10,000 victim compensation assistance.


5 children in conflict with the law

5. CHILDREN IN CONFLICT WITH THE LAW

  • Assisting the CSWO and Barangay in organizing and implementation of Community-based diversion programs in coordination with parents


Activity goals and objectives goals immediate goal

  • Assisting the Barangay leaders in providing counseling for CICL on diversion together with their families or guardians.


6 early childhood and enrichment program

6. EARLY CHILDHOOD AND ENRICHMENT PROGRAM

  • Conducting neighborhood ECCD session with parents (group of 5-10 parents) focused on effective child-rearing, pregnancy health care, nutrition education, sanitation, effects of waterborne disease, oral dehydration etc.


Activity goals and objectives goals immediate goal

  • Conducting session of family planning and values education.


Basic counseling

BASIC COUNSELING

COUNSELING

  • It is a planned interaction between the client and the worker to assist client in altering his present behavior. It is the process of helping the client discover for her/his self the coping mechanisms that have been helpful to him/her in the past and how they can be used or modified for the present situation or how to develop new coping mechanisms.


Activity goals and objectives goals immediate goal

  • Counseling is ENABLING and should be differentiated from ADVICE GIVING. The counselor is not an ADVISER or a person of authority. The counselor is a person who FACILITATES SELF-DISCOVERY


Basic counseling skills

BASIC COUNSELING SKILLS:

OBJECTIVES OF COUNSELING

  • To build a trusting relationship where the client can communicate her concerns and describe her problems, feelings and behaviors without fear of judgment.


Activity goals and objectives goals immediate goal

  • To encourage the client to see the helping or problem-solving process as a mutual responsibility where she makes active decisions and where she can value her ideas and support her endeavors.


Activity goals and objectives goals immediate goal

  • To reduce the client’s fear and distrust of helping/treatment programs and thereby encourage her to continue attending the treatment programs


B an ideal counselor is someone who

B. AN IDEAL COUNSELOR IS SOMEONE WHO:

  • Is creative and imaginative

  • Shows self-awareness by not imposing personal concerns on clients

  • Has good common sense and social awareness

  • Shows respect for clients

  • Is action oriented


C things to avoid in counseling

C. THINGS TO AVOID IN COUNSELING:

  • Ordering and Commanding

  • Warning and Threatening

  • Giving advice or providing solutions

  • Arguing or persuading


Activity goals and objectives goals immediate goal

  • Moralizing

  • Disagreeing, judging and criticizing

  • Ridiculing or labeling

  • Reassuring or sympathizing

  • Withdrawing or distracting


D show empathy rather than sympathy

D. SHOW EMPATHY RATHER THAN SYMPATHY

  • Listen to client’s problems and understand their feeling. Look straight to their eyes and asks “what it is like to be in the place of this person”.


E ask open ended questions and encourage her to elaborate

E. ASK OPEN-ENDED QUESTIONS AND ENCOURAGE HER TO ELABORATE

Do not ask questions answerable by yes or no or one-word answer.

IN TAKE INTERVIEW FOR COUNSELLING

GOALS

WHAT DOES CLIENT DESIRE?

IS CHANGE DESIRED?

ASSESSMENT OF

PROBLEM SITUATION WHAT IS THE SITUATION AND

WHAT CAN BE DONE ABOUT IT?

IS IT A CHANGE IN THE

SITUATION OR A CHANGE IN

RELATIONSHIP THAT IS DESIRED?

APPROACHES TO THEHOW WILL CLIENT APPROACH

PROBLEMTHE SITUATION TO ACHIEVE

THE DESIRED CHANGES?

WHAT ACTIVITIES WILL CLIENT

ACTION PLANNING UNDERTAKE TO ACHIEVE THE

DESIRED CHANGES?


Activity goals and objectives goals immediate goal

THE END

National Council of Social Development


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