Warm up
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Warm-Up. Which of these is required by a judge before police can obtain a search warrant? probable cause linking the person to the crime reasonable doubt no other person is responsible plea bargaining to reduce charges a preponderance of evidence against the accused person . Criminal Law.

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Warm up

Warm-Up

  • Which of these is required by a judge before police can obtain a search warrant?

    • probable cause linking the person to the crime

    • reasonable doubt no other person is responsible

    • plea bargaining to reduce charges

    • a preponderance of evidence against the accused person


Criminal law

Criminal Law

Chapter 15

Section 3


Criminal law1

Criminal Law

  • Cases in which the government charges someone with a crime and is the prosecution

  • Most crimes committed break state laws and are tried in state courts

    • However, number of federal crimes increasing

  • If you are found to be guilty in a criminal case, you may pay a fine, go to jail, or both.


People to know in criminal cases

People to Know in Criminal Cases

  • Prosecutor: A lawyer empowered to prosecute cases on behalf of a government and its people

  • Grand Jury: A group of citizens who evaluate accusations against persons charged with crime and determine if there is enough evidence to put the accused on trial

  • Petit Jury : (Trial Jury) hears the evidence in a trial as presented by both sides. After hearing the evidence, the group retires for deliberation to consider a verdict


Types of crime

Types of Crime

  • Petty Offenses – Lowest of all crimes, usually when a person commits these offenses they do not get arrested (ticket or citation)

  • Misdemeanor – a criminal offense defined as less serious than a felony, a person found guilty will either be fined or sentenced to jail usually for a year or less

  • Felony – an offense, graver character than misdemeanors, imprisonment for more than a year


Minors and crime

Minors and Crime

“The teenage brain is like a car with a good accelerator but a weak brake. With powerful impulses under poor control, the likely result is a crash.”

--Laurence Steinberg, Temple University


Steps in a criminal case

Steps in a Criminal Case


Steps in a criminal case continued

Steps in a Criminal Case (Continued)


Oj simpson trial

OJ Simpson Trial


Reviewing what we ve learned

Reviewing What We’ve Learned…

  • Do you think that people are given enough of an opportunity to prove their innocence in the United States criminal court system?

  • Do you think the judge has too much power in the criminal court system?

  • Based on what you’ve learned, do you think juries can be ‘blind’ when deciding a verdict?


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