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Warm-Up. Which of these is required by a judge before police can obtain a search warrant? probable cause linking the person to the crime reasonable doubt no other person is responsible plea bargaining to reduce charges a preponderance of evidence against the accused person . Criminal Law.

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Presentation Transcript
warm up
Warm-Up
  • Which of these is required by a judge before police can obtain a search warrant?
    • probable cause linking the person to the crime
    • reasonable doubt no other person is responsible
    • plea bargaining to reduce charges
    • a preponderance of evidence against the accused person
criminal law

Criminal Law

Chapter 15

Section 3

criminal law1
Criminal Law
  • Cases in which the government charges someone with a crime and is the prosecution
  • Most crimes committed break state laws and are tried in state courts
    • However, number of federal crimes increasing
  • If you are found to be guilty in a criminal case, you may pay a fine, go to jail, or both.
people to know in criminal cases
People to Know in Criminal Cases
  • Prosecutor: A lawyer empowered to prosecute cases on behalf of a government and its people
  • Grand Jury: A group of citizens who evaluate accusations against persons charged with crime and determine if there is enough evidence to put the accused on trial
  • Petit Jury : (Trial Jury) hears the evidence in a trial as presented by both sides. After hearing the evidence, the group retires for deliberation to consider a verdict
types of crime
Types of Crime
  • Petty Offenses – Lowest of all crimes, usually when a person commits these offenses they do not get arrested (ticket or citation)
  • Misdemeanor – a criminal offense defined as less serious than a felony, a person found guilty will either be fined or sentenced to jail usually for a year or less
  • Felony – an offense, graver character than misdemeanors, imprisonment for more than a year
minors and crime
Minors and Crime

“The teenage brain is like a car with a good accelerator but a weak brake. With powerful impulses under poor control, the likely result is a crash.”

--Laurence Steinberg, Temple University

reviewing what we ve learned
Reviewing What We’ve Learned…
  • Do you think that people are given enough of an opportunity to prove their innocence in the United States criminal court system?
  • Do you think the judge has too much power in the criminal court system?
  • Based on what you’ve learned, do you think juries can be ‘blind’ when deciding a verdict?
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