Loading in 2 Seconds...
Loading in 2 Seconds...
\'For what a man had rather be true he more readily believes\' Bacon 16th Century. Causal beliefs can determine how we behave. We cannot tolerate not knowing the cause of important events like illness and death.
Download Policy: Content on the Website is provided to you AS IS for your information and personal use and may not be sold / licensed / shared on other websites without getting consent from its author.While downloading, if for some reason you are not able to download a presentation, the publisher may have deleted the file from their server.
Bacon 16th Century
We cannot tolerate not knowing the cause of important events like illness and death.
The original and only true function of the brain, from and evolutionary viewpoint, is to control movement and interaction with the environment.
That is why plants have no brains.
from all other animals.
It evolved in relation to use of tools. It led to
than 90% of events have causes not easily
accessible to an individual.
Supernatural explanations are common:
communication with spirits
ghosts and angels
From 3 months infants can reason about physical causality ; by 7 months objects remain whole, and require contact to move.
By 18 months they can rake a toy to themselves.
have different beliefs.
Many questions about causes.
Light on box -touch hand/head
the causal and intentional relations that hold
among external entities.
the fruit falls, off would lead no animal
other than a human to shake the branch to
get the fruit.
understanding, but do not ever modify
Kanzi was taught to make tools
the result of a stone breaking when
used on nuts - but causal thinking was
and then some 100,000 years ago new
physical cause, and drove human
gesture and throwing. It helped with
Humans could manipulate their
Dunbar argues that it was social
understanding that drove human
evolution. But what was the big
Religion offered the possibility of asking
for help by praying. All societies have
had religious beliefs.
agents and gods are human-like.
“men create the gods after their own image”
of culturally postulated superhuman beings.
belief, as it removed uncertainty. Such beliefs
may have become genetically programmed.
There is evidence that those with religious
beliefs have better health.
This can reduce the fear of death and so is an
advantage. This involves mystical thinking.
Religion is not based on evidence.
Mostmental illnesses involve false beliefs; common are delusions/hallucinations
I discovered that beauty, revelation,
sensuality, the cellular history of the
past, God, the Devil - all lie inside my
body, outside my mind
Timothy Leary on LSD
We have a mystical mind probably from
mushrooms can trigger a religious experience.
Also electrical stimulation of the brain can also.
an advantage. Sloan Wilson
Religion and the belief in God is most common
in societies that have the most intensive
struggle for existence. Is the USA a counter
technology -and it all comes from the Greeks.
Thales Aristotle Euclid
Egyptians no explanation
Greeks explain heavens
world, but it is unnatural - it goes against
common sense. Archimedes.
Moon; force and motion; quantum mechanics
Galileo and falling body.
evidence was such that it would be miraculous
not to believe in it. David Hume
egg is a human being. Implications for stem
cells and abortion.
There will always be some unanswered
Science is the best way to understand the world.
If the history science were rerun the results
would be the same, but DNA might be googy.
both outside ordinary experience and science.
They offer believers new powers.
possible to contact the dead
to access past lives
horoscopes can predict the future
spiritual healing can cure
angels and ghosts and aliens
read someone else\'s mind
spirits can move objects
levitation is possible
him better, and then gets better, then no power of
reasoning known to medical science can convince
him that it may not have been the treatment that
restored his health’.
representativeness, and anchoring.
Christianity was involved in argument and
rationality. They were concerned about the
nature of the physical world
Aquinas held that theology was science from God
Many religions believed in rebirth.
No good evidence for Gods