Animal behavior
This presentation is the property of its rightful owner.
Sponsored Links
1 / 16

Animal Behavior PowerPoint PPT Presentation


  • 167 Views
  • Uploaded on
  • Presentation posted in: General

Animal Behavior. What is animal behavior?. Anything an animal does in response to a stimulus (change) in its environment. 2 Kinds Innate behavior- inherited behavior, you carry it in your genes. Learned behavior- changes with practice or experience.

Download Presentation

Animal Behavior

An Image/Link below is provided (as is) to download presentation

Download Policy: Content on the Website is provided to you AS IS for your information and personal use and may not be sold / licensed / shared on other websites without getting consent from its author.While downloading, if for some reason you are not able to download a presentation, the publisher may have deleted the file from their server.


- - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - E N D - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - -

Presentation Transcript


Animal behavior

Animal Behavior


What is animal behavior

What is animal behavior?

  • Anything an animal does in response to a stimulus (change) in its environment.

    • 2 Kinds

      • Innate behavior- inherited behavior, you carry it in your genes.

      • Learned behavior- changes with practice or experience.

        *** One things that makes animals special is that they can LEARN! 


Animal behavior

“It would seem that grooming one another is very important in maintaining social order.”


Innate behavior 2 types

Innate Behavior – 2 types

  • 1. Automatic- simple, quick, no conscious control, reflex behavior

    Examples:

    • Toad’s tongue flips out to get an insect

    • Fight or flight response if scared

    • Moving your hand away from the hot stove

      ****Response!


2 instinct

2. Instinct

  • Instinct- more complex innate behavior

    1.Courtship- male spider gives gifts to the female, flash a pattern of lights

    2. Territoriality- defend or mark it; some use pheremones (chemicals that communicate info to other individuals of the same species)


Instinct

Instinct

3. Aggression- growling to deliver message of keep away

4. Hierarchies- , pecking orders, lion prides, alpha male in chimps


Instinct1

Instinct

4. Circadian rhythm- 24 hour light regulated behavior (sleep/wake)


Instinct2

Instinct

5. Migration - instinctive, seasonal movement of animals


Instinct3

Instinct

6. Hibernation- go into inactivity during cold, winter months

7. Estivation- become inactive during intense heat periods


Learned behavior

Learned Behavior

  • Habituation- Learning from repeated stimulus

    • Horse ignores car sounds

    • You get used to the feel of clothes on your body


Learned

Learned…

  • Imprinting- critical social attachment; takes place at certain time period in animal’s life; irreversible

    • Ex. Ducklings follow mother


Learned1

Learned…

  • Trial and Error- learn from mistakes

    • Ex. Try different keys to unlock door

    • Ex. Practice shooting a basket until your shot improves


Learned2

Learned…

  • Conditioning- learn by association

    EX: Dog salivates to dinner bell (Pavlov’s conditioning)


Learned3

Learned…

  • Insight- highest form of learning many methods to achieve.

    Ex. Solving math problems you have never seen- EOC’s!


So what is a tropism

So what is a tropism?

  • Tropism- a plant’s response to any environmental stimulus

    • Light- Phototropism

    • Gravity- Geotropism


So what is a taxis

So what is a taxis?

  • Taxis- the movement of an animal toward or away from any stimulus

    • Light- phototaxis ex. Euglena

    • Chemicals- chemotaxis

    • Gravity- geotaxis


  • Login