Animal behavior
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Animal Behavior. What is animal behavior?. Anything an animal does in response to a stimulus (change) in its environment. 2 Kinds Innate behavior- inherited behavior, you carry it in your genes. Learned behavior- changes with practice or experience.

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What is animal behavior
What is animal behavior?

  • Anything an animal does in response to a stimulus (change) in its environment.

    • 2 Kinds

      • Innate behavior- inherited behavior, you carry it in your genes.

      • Learned behavior- changes with practice or experience.

        *** One things that makes animals special is that they can LEARN! 



Innate behavior 2 types
Innate Behavior – 2 types in maintaining social order.”

  • 1. Automatic- simple, quick, no conscious control, reflex behavior

    Examples:

    • Toad’s tongue flips out to get an insect

    • Fight or flight response if scared

    • Moving your hand away from the hot stove

      ****Response!


2 instinct
2. Instinct in maintaining social order.”

  • Instinct- more complex innate behavior

    1.Courtship- male spider gives gifts to the female, flash a pattern of lights

    2. Territoriality- defend or mark it; some use pheremones (chemicals that communicate info to other individuals of the same species)


Instinct
Instinct in maintaining social order.”

3. Aggression- growling to deliver message of keep away

4. Hierarchies- , pecking orders, lion prides, alpha male in chimps


Instinct1
Instinct in maintaining social order.”

4. Circadian rhythm- 24 hour light regulated behavior (sleep/wake)


Instinct2
Instinct in maintaining social order.”

5. Migration - instinctive, seasonal movement of animals


Instinct3
Instinct in maintaining social order.”

6. Hibernation- go into inactivity during cold, winter months

7. Estivation- become inactive during intense heat periods


Learned behavior
Learned Behavior in maintaining social order.”

  • Habituation- Learning from repeated stimulus

    • Horse ignores car sounds

    • You get used to the feel of clothes on your body


Learned
Learned… in maintaining social order.”

  • Imprinting- critical social attachment; takes place at certain time period in animal’s life; irreversible

    • Ex. Ducklings follow mother


Learned1
Learned… in maintaining social order.”

  • Trial and Error- learn from mistakes

    • Ex. Try different keys to unlock door

    • Ex. Practice shooting a basket until your shot improves


Learned2
Learned… in maintaining social order.”

  • Conditioning- learn by association

    EX: Dog salivates to dinner bell (Pavlov’s conditioning)


Learned3
Learned… in maintaining social order.”

  • Insight- highest form of learning many methods to achieve.

    Ex. Solving math problems you have never seen- EOC’s!


So what is a tropism
So what is a tropism? in maintaining social order.”

  • Tropism- a plant’s response to any environmental stimulus

    • Light- Phototropism

    • Gravity- Geotropism


So what is a taxis
So what is a taxis? in maintaining social order.”

  • Taxis- the movement of an animal toward or away from any stimulus

    • Light- phototaxis ex. Euglena

    • Chemicals- chemotaxis

    • Gravity- geotaxis


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