Les pronoms relatifs
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Les pronoms relatifs. QUI= who, which, that. Qui functions as subject of the relative clause and may refer to either a person or a thing . The word that qui refers to is called the antecedent . La femme [qui parle ] est ma mère .

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Les pronoms relatifs

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Les pronomsrelatifs

QUI= who, which, that

  • Qui functions as subject of the relative clause and may refer to either a person or a thing. The word that qui refers to is called the antecedent.

  • La femme [qui parle]est ma mère.

  • Le livre [qui estsur la table] estmystérieux.

  • Qui- representing the woman or the book is subject of the verb following it. (The woman is talking, the book is on….) A subject acts.

QUE= whom, which, that

  • Que functions as the direct object (receiving the action of the verb) of the relative clause. It may refer to either persons or thingsas antecedents.

  • Le garçon [que nous avons vu hier] estbeau.

  • Le livre [qu’elle lit] est bon.

  • (We saw the boy; she is reading the book.)


  • 1. La fille _______ parle est intelligente.

  • Le film _______ j’ai vu est merveilleux.

  • Les livres ______’il regarde sont les miens.

  • Les poèmes ______ il écrit sont romantiques.

  • Les tasses _______ sont dans le placard sont vertes.

Combine the two statements.

  • Voici un homme. Il estsportif.

  • _____________________________________

  • La dame entre. Elle est la femme de monprof.

  • _____________________________________

  • Voici le restaurant. Paul préfèrece restaurant.

  • _____________________________________

(tout) CE QUI= what, (all) that which

  • Ce qui is used as subject of a clause when there is noantecedent.

  • Comprends-tu [ce qui se passe?]

  • [Ce qui estarrivé] est impossible.

  • [Tout ce qui est bon] est beau.

(tout) CE QUE= what, (all) that which

  • Ceque is used as direct object of a verb when there is no antecedent.

  • Je ne comprends pas [cequevousdites].

  • [Cequ’ildit] n’est pas important.

  • [(Tout) cequ’elle fait] est bon.

(tout) CE DONT =what, that (of)which

  • Cedont is used as a relative pronoun when there is no antecedent and the expression or verb following it requires the preposition DE.

  • Il sait [cedont] vousavezbesoin. (avoirbesoin de)

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