Chapter 19 section 1 notes healing the wounds of war
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Chapter 19 Section 1 Notes Healing the Wounds of War. Both Germany and Japan were decimated by the war Germany The Potsdam Conference was held by the Allies in Potsdam, Germany to work out the details of their joint occupation of Germany.

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Chapter 19 Section 1 Notes Healing the Wounds of War

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Chapter 19 section 1 notes healing the wounds of war

Chapter 19 Section 1 NotesHealing the Wounds of War

Both Germany and Japan were decimated by the war

Germany

The Potsdam Conference was held by the Allies in Potsdam, Germany to work out the details of their joint occupation of Germany.

The British, French and UD divided up the Western side

The USSR occupied the Eastern and rural part

Berlin, in the Soviet zone, was divided likewise

Austria was also divided up


Pledges promises and issues with german occupation

Pledges, Promises andIssues with German Occupation

  • Both side agreed to crush the Nazi Party

  • Re-establish local governance

  • Rebuild industry

  • The Allies agreed to repatriate German Refugees

    Soviet Actions that Caused Tensions

  • The Soviets demanded that Poland be given German territory won in the war

  • They also wanted reparations from Germany

  • The Soviets had taken over the countries between them and Germany


The occupation of japan from 1945 to 1952

The Occupation of JapanFrom 1945 to 1952

  • Emperor Hirohito was confined to his palace and had no power

  • Several million Japanese troops were demobilized

    Democracy in Japan

  • In 1947 a new democratic Constitution was adopted:

  • Voting rights to women

  • Freedom of Religion

  • Abolished the army and navy- forever

  • Land redistribution and unions were legal

  • Broke up the “zaibatsu”- huge corporations run by single families- Japan made a huge recovery


War crime trials

War Crime Trials

Nuremburg Trials (Germany)- Before an international military court horrible testimony resulted in the sentencing of 12 to death and 7 to jail sentences.

Many Nazis like Adolf Eichmann escaped to Latin America

International Tribunal for the Far East (Japan)- General MacArthur set these up and they last for over two years. In the end Hideki Tojo(Japan’s Premier) and many others were sentenced to death

*The #1 lesson is that countries and individuals can be held accountable for atrocities during war


The united nations

The United Nations

*The number 1 goal of the UN is world peace*

  • April 1945- 50 nations met in San Francisco to draw up the charter

  • General Assembly- includes all member nations- deals with day -to -day stuff

  • Security Council- 15 nations, 5 permanent with veto power over the general assembly. The SC deals with military and political problems- US,GB, USSR, France, China

  • The US overwhelmingly joined in October of 1945 and Eleanor Roosevelt was one of the US’s first delegates

  • Many critics thought the UN would fail because of lack of enforcement powers


The founding of israel

The Founding of Israel

GB controlled Palestine and after WW2 many European Jews moved there and GB turned over the issue to the UN

  • The UN decide to divide Palestine into two parts- one for the Jews and one for the Arabs-against Arab opposition

  • The UN plan was a victory for Zionism- a movement looking for a Jewish homeland in Palestine led by Ben-Gurion- formerly of Poland

  • The British withdrew in 1948 and the US and the USSR quickly recognized Israel


The arab israeli war

The Arab-Israeli War

The Arab states joined together and went to war with Israel

  • Israel was well-armed from the support of the American-Jewish community

  • Ben-Gurion led the Israelis to victory

  • In 1949 Ralph Bunche a US diplomat persuaded both sides to accept an armistice and he won the Nobel Peace Prize

  • Even after this the Arab countries refused to recognize Israel’s right to exist


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