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Traditional Nigerian Food. By: Aaron, Santi, and Antonio 10/11/12 Tokyo . Table of Contents:. Food History Agriculture and Geography Nigerian Food Staples Cuisine Food Preparation Culture and Customs Sources. Food History.

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Traditional Nigerian Food

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Traditional Nigerian Food

By: Aaron, Santi, and Antonio



Table of Contents:

  • Food History

  • Agriculture and Geography

  • Nigerian Food Staples

  • Cuisine

  • Food Preparation

  • Culture and Customs

  • Sources

Food History

Due to trade with the Europeans, Nigerian cuisine has evolved from the usage of overseas food staples such as wheat, maize, rice, beans, cassava, and spices (from Asia). However, native dishes have been preserved, only to be flavored and detailed upon.

The Portuguese were the first Euro. to visit Nigeria in the 1400's.

Agriculture and Geography

  • Nigeria derives its name from the Niger River, since major food sources sustain from its waters.

  • Coastal areas are usually tropical and inland has a wet and dry season.

  • "About 80% of land is cultivable...", making food self-sufficient within Nigeria. (

Niger R. provides transportation and crop water as well.

Dry season.

Wet season.

Inland rainforests.

Nigerian Food Staples

  • Native Staples: Yams, kola nut, tropical fruit, palm oil, suya (skewered meat), and moi-moi (beans).

  • Imported Staples: Cassava (a root), Asian spices, chili, wheats, plantains (cooking bananas), and maize.




Kola nuts.




Some of the most popular dishes are Fu-fu (dough-like yam), Yam porridge, Iyan (mashed yams), Suya, Coconut rice, Nigerian Stew, Dodo (fried plantains), and Chin Chin (fried-sweet cookie).

Beverages consists of palm-wine; an alcoholic drink made from the sap of a palm tree, Kunu, and fruit-based drinks.



Nigerian Stew

Nigerian Suya

Yam Porridge

Food Preparation

  • Meals are usually fried, boiled (stews and soups), spiced, or mashed.

  • Meats are salted to preserve it; lack of refrigerators.

  • Food is cooked outside via open fire.

  • Usage of wooden utensils, pots, and metal spatulas.

Nigerian man preparing food by mashing food in a pot.

Nigerian man preparing food by grilling it in a little grill.

Two Nigerian men preparing their meals by frying them in a fire.

Cultures and Customs

  • Practice indigenous religions, Islam, Christianity.

  • In Islamic culture, they disregard pork.

  • During Christmas, Nigerians feast on Jollof rice, Fu-fu, Iyan, and Moi-Moi.

  • Food-based festivals include the New Yam Festival.

  • Most people eat with only the right hand.

  • Cooks create artistic and unique recipes, which are passed from generation to generation.



1.Wikipedia. n.p. 9 Oct. 2012. Web. 2 Oct. 2012. <>.

2. wikia. n.p., n.d. Web. 2 Oct. 2012.


3. "Nigeria". Food in Every Country. n.p., n.d. Web. 2 Oct. 2012.


4. Motherland Nigeria. n.p., n.d. Web 2 Oct. 2012.


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