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Agriculture . Caty Brown. First Agricultural Revolution- Neolithic Revolution Saw the human development of seed agriculture and the use of animals in farming. 12000 years ago Replaced nomadic hunting-and-gathering life. Second Agricultural Revolution-

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Agriculture

Agriculture

Caty Brown


Agricultural revolutions

  • First Agricultural Revolution- Neolithic Revolution

  • Saw the human development of seed agriculture and the use of animals in farming.

  • 12000 years ago

  • Replaced nomadic hunting-and-gathering life.

  • Second Agricultural Revolution-

  • Farming developed into feudal village structures

  • Open lot system- where a large plot of community farmland that all the villagers worked to produce a crop to eat.

  • Enclosure movement- gave individuals farmers their own plots of farmlands their own plots of land, making a major shift in agriculture.

Agricultural Revolutions


Agriculture1

Agriculture


Agriculture2

Agriculture


Types of agriculture

Types of Agriculture


Agricultural hearths

  • Carl Saucer’s theory of a vegetative hearth argues that the vegetative farming knowledge first originated in Southeast Asia.

  • It then diffused north and east to China and Japan, and west to southwest Asia and the Mediterranean region.

  • Other hearths were believed to have emerged through independent innovation in South America and Africa.

Agricultural Hearths


Shifting cultivation

  • Shifting Cultivation- is an agricultural system in which plots of land are cultivated temporarily, then abandoned and allowed to revert to their natural vegetation while the cultivator moves on to another plot.

  • Slash and Burn Method- Clearing land by slashing vegetation by burning it.

Shifting Cultivation


Pastoral nomads

Pastoral Nomads


Intensive subsistence

Intensive Subsistence


Plantation farming

  • Large Farm that specializes in commercial agriculture. large-scale, populous societies. It results in much more food being produced per acre compared to other subsistence patterns

    Crops: Cotton, bananas, coffee, sugarcane, rubber, tobacco, cocoa, tea, palm oil, ect…

    Usually found in LDC’s but owned by MDC’s.

Plantation Farming


Agricultural regions in mdc s

  • Can be divided into six main types large-scale, populous societies. It results in much more food being produced per acre compared to other subsistence patterns

  • Mixed(crops and livestock)

  • Dairy, grain farming

  • Livestock ranching

  • Mediterranean agriculture

  • Gardening and fruit culture

    Each type is specific to a certain area depending on the climate.

Agricultural Regions in MDC’s


Von th nen s model of agriculture

  • Shows how the distance from large-scale, populous societies. It results in much more food being produced per acre compared to other subsistence patterns

    a City affects the choice of

    agriculture activity due to the

    price of land, price of

    transportation and how

    perishable the item is.

Von Thünen’s Model of Agriculture


Von th nen s model of agriculture1

  • First Zone- Market Gardening Activities large-scale, populous societies. It results in much more food being produced per acre compared to other subsistence patterns

    • Needs to grown close to market

    • Needs to minimized the cost to offset the expense of grown.

  • Second Zone- Dairy Farming

    • Must also be close to market area

    • Needs to be close to the market to minimize the cost of transportation

  • Third Zone- Livestock

    • Deliberate adding of weight to animals to increase sale price

    • Transportation costs are high due to weight.

Von Thünen's Model of Agriculture


Von th nen s model of agriculture2

  • The Fourth Zone- Commercial Grain large-scale, populous societies. It results in much more food being produced per acre compared to other subsistence patterns

    • Transfer Process from ground to market can be done quickly

    • No real manual labor

  • Fifth Zone- Livestock Ranching

    • Uses the most land than any of the models

    • Transportations occurs sporadically throughout the year

Von Thünen's Model of Agriculture


Helpful links

Helpful Links


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