Chinese people and culture
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Chinese People and Culture. A presentation by: Tyler Boice Jeremy Cislo Randall Grover. Population. Mao Zedong believed in strength in numbers. Encouraged the Chinese to have more children. Population growth was at 2.07%, by the mid 1960’s A total of 1.3 billion people.

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Chinese People and Culture

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Chinese People and Culture

A presentation by:

Tyler Boice

Jeremy Cislo

Randall Grover


Population

  • Mao Zedong believed in strength in numbers.

  • Encouraged the Chinese to have more children.

  • Population growth was at 2.07%, by the mid 1960’s

  • A total of 1.3 billion people.


Population continued…

  • The increased population caused serious food and shelter shortages.

  • One of the highest population densities in the world.

  • Mao failed to recognized the problems his population was causing.


Population Policies

  • In 2000, the population growth was slowed to 0.9%.

  • China’s population policy received worldwide criticism.

  • As a result China has begun to relax their policy.

  • Despite the governments population policies, China’s population is expected to reach 1.4 billion in the middle of this century.

  • Moa realized the population was out of control

  • He called families to have no more than two children.


Population Policies continued…

  • Deng Xiaoping came in power in the 1970s.

  • He developed a one-couple, one-child policy.

  • People who had 1 child received special rewards, such as better housing or jobs.

  • People who had more than one faced fines, wage cuts, and loss of their jobs.


Ethnic Differences

  • There are about 56 different ethnic groups in China.

  • There is 52 different languages recognized by the Chinese government.

  • People in different culture groups have their own traditions, foods, clothes, and normally religion.

  • Even the largest ethnic groups like the Mongols, Uighurs, Tibetans, and Kazakhs, are still small in number


Ethnic Differences Continued…

  • Together all the minority ethnic groups make up 8% of the population.

  • 92% of the population, about 1 billion people, are Han

  • Han comes from the Han Dynasty, which existed about 2,200 years ago, since then the Hans have always been the major ethnic group


Language

  • Chinese is nonphonetic, which means the written form of a word generally gives no hints to the pronunciation of the word.

  • Chinese uses ideograms- the use of characters representing thoughts or ideas.

  • To fluently speak/ read Chinese the average person needs to know 20,000 different characters, while to read the newspaper the average person needs to know 2000-3000 charctors


Language Continued…

  • Every Chinese language, though they may speak differently, uses the same characters making reading a universal way of communication.

  • In 1956 Mandarin was declared the official language of China, though Chinese dialect varys from region to region, all the students are being taught in Mandarin.


Religion and Beliefs

  • The Chinese are greatly influenced by ancient philosophies.

  • Chinese practice many beliefs

  • Traditional faiths of Buddhism, Daoism, and Confucianism are the most popular


Daoism

  • Based on teachings of Laozi

  • Path to true happiness is based lies in living in harmony with natural world.


Confucianism

  • Most widely practiced faith.

  • Philosophy based on the collection of teachings of Confucius, called the Analects.

  • Believes that society functions best if everyone respected the laws and behaved according to his/her own position.

  • Honoring one's ancestors is important.


Atheism

  • China’s official religion.

  • Communists on first arriving to China seized religious places of worship.

  • Many however still kept their faith, and the government eased restrictions.


Falun Gong

  • One group the Chinese government outlawed in 1999.

  • Falun Gong is a self described spiritual movement that combines meditation, exercise, and principles from Buddhism and Daoism.

  • Many were sent to labor camps for “reeducation”.

  • This group now protests against the Chinese government in other nations.


The Family

  • The Chinese view the family as very important.

  • The Father is known as the head of the family.

  • Social order and communal behavior was learnt by the Chinese through the philosophy of Confucianism.


The Family Continued…

  • Throughout time Chinese family values have changed, but the main points still remain the same.

  • Children have a little more freedom in choosing careers.

  • Marriage ceremonies have been toned down over time.


Medicine

  • Many Chinese people prefer their own traditional medicine instead of modern Western medicine.

  • This 2,000 year old practice is founded on the belief that good health comes from harmony between the environment and people.

  • This practice includes special diets, herbal remedies, breathing exercises, massages, and acupunctures.


Medicine Continued

  • Acupuncture is practice of inserting very thin needles at specific points on the body to cure disease or to ease pain.


Works Cited

"Mandarin Character – Shui – Water." Primary Modern Foreign Languages — Just Another

Edublogs.org Weblog. Web. 06 Feb. 2012.

<http://madamhaughey.edublogs.org/2009/06/02/mandarin-character-shui-water/>.

"A Lenten Reflection: Our Ethnic Diversity." Archdiocese of Toronto Blog. Web. 06 Feb. 2012. <http://archdioceseoftoronto.blogspot.com/2009/03/lenten-reflection-our-ethnic-diversity.html>.

Baerwald, Thomas John., and Celeste Fraser. World Geography: Building a Global Perspective.

Upper Saddle River, NJ: Prentice-Hall, 2003. Print.

"Deng Xiaoping Biography - Facts, Birthday, Life Story - Biography.com." Biography.com. Web. 06

Feb. 2012. <http://www.biography.com/people/deng-xiaoping-9271644>.

"Mao Zedong - Television Tropes & Idioms." Home Page - Television Tropes & Idioms. Web. 06 Feb. 2012. <http://tvtropes.org/pmwiki/pmwiki.php/Main/MaoZedong>.

"China Population, Population of China, Chinese Population." China Travel Guide and Information Icluding Life, Culture, Facts, Maps, History and News. Web. 06 Feb. 2012. <http://www.chinatraveldiscovery.com/china-facts/population.htm>.


Works Cited continued…

"365 Days of Happiness » Blog Archive » Daoism and Taoism Quotes." Tuvy Asian

Books. Web. 06 Feb. 2012. <http://www.tuvy.com/blog/2010/09/daoism-and-

taoism-quotes/>.

FalunInfo.net - The Official Source on Falun Gong and the Human Rights Crisis in China. Web. 06

Feb. 2012. <http://faluninfo.net/>.

"Herbal Medicine - Credo Reference Topic." Credo Reference Home. Web. 06 Feb. 2012.

<http://www.credoreference.com/topic/herbal_medicine>.

"Herbalism." Wikipedia, the Free Encyclopedia. Web. 06 Feb. 2012.

<http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Herbalism>.

"Interesting Facts & Information: Tourism, Travel, Culture, Language, Business, People. » Blog

Archive » Chinese Culture Family Life." Professional Translation Services | Interpreters | Intercultural Communication & Training. Web. 06 Feb. 2012.

<http://www.kwintessential.co.uk/articles/china/chinese-culture-family-life/1781>.

"The Tole Acupuncture and Chinese Herbal Medicine Centre, Institute, School,

University, College, Higher Education in Kuala Lumpur Malaysia." OoCities -

Geocities Archive / Geocities Mirror. Web. 06 Feb. 2012.

<http://www.oocities.org/toleclinic/Equipment.htm>.


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