Drill. February 3 rd , 2013 What are three (3) purposes for which living room furniture may be arranged? What is a concept sketch ?. Applications of Technology. Ordering Principles. Architecture. What is Architecture?. Architecture is the art , science, and pr ofession of
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February 3rd, 2013
What is Architecture?
Architecture is composed of many ordering elements
that effect how a building is designed and how people
experience spaces within buildings.
The following are principles used as visual devices to
allow the diverse forms of a building to coexist
perceptually and conceptually within an ordered,
unified, and harmonious whole:
Ward Willets House by Frank Lloyd Wright is an example of the
transformation of the Cruciform Plan.
The Thomas Hardy House is another example of transforming
the Cruciform Plan.
Subtractive: subtracting portions
of a volume. Form may retain
identity or become a new form.
House at Stabio, Mario Botta
Amagensett, New York
Additive: addition of elements
to a volume. How elements are
added and the number and size
of elements determine if the
original form retains its identity.
Villa Rotunda, Palladio
Dimensional: altering one or more
of a solids dimensions. The solid
may be compressed or stretched.
Transformation of other
types of solids
Unite d’Habitation, Le Corbusier
Two forms of differing geometry may collideand interpenetrate
each other’s boundaries. Each form will compete for visual
Circle and Square
Chancellery Building, French Embassy
St. Marks Tower
Frank Lloyd Wright
An axisis a line established by two pointsin spaceabout which
forms and spaces can be arranged in a symmetrical or
An axis has a beginning and end point, induces movement, and
promotes views along the path. The idea of axis may be reinforced
by defining edges along the length.
Teotihuacan (City of the Gods, Mexico
Pyramids of the Sun & Moon, Avenue of
the Dead, citadel, and market.
Bilateral symmetry: one plane dividing the
whole arrangement into identical halves
Radial symmetry: similar halves at any angle
Around a centerpoint or along a central axis
Villa Rotunda, Palladio
Monticello, Thomas Jefferson
It is hard to detect the notes and relative pitches of the music
above without a staff.
The staff is used as a datum to organize the spacing of notes and
to accentuate the difference between a series of notes.
A volume can collect the pattern of elements
within its boundary.
Phillip Exeter Academy Library
A plane may gather elements or serve
as a background for the encompassing
elements and frame them in its field.
Rhythm: unifying movement characterized
by patterned repetition/alteration of
forms/shapes in the same or modified form.
Structural patterns incorporate repetition.
Rhythm can be witnessed in the arrangement of
rooms in this apartment building.
In the case of the Sydney Opera house, we witness reverberating
patterns. The Victorian houses show multiple rhythms laid over
one another in the façade of a building.
Sydney Opera House, John Utzon
San Fransisco, California
Hierarchy: articulating the importance of a
form/space by its size, shape, or placement
relative to other shapes/forms of the
Hierarchy by Size
Hierarchy by Shape
Hierarchy by Placement
Olivetti Training School