Medical paradigm social paradigm society person dichotomy person as focus environment as focus
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Medical Paradigm Social Paradigm Society-Person Dichotomy Person as Focus Environment as Focus PowerPoint PPT Presentation


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Medical Paradigm Social Paradigm Society-Person Dichotomy Person as Focus Environment as Focus. Medical paradigm. Defines disability as pathological medical condition Primary obstacle to person’s social integration Originates in bodies of individuals Focus of problem is on the person

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Medical Paradigm Social Paradigm Society-Person Dichotomy Person as Focus Environment as Focus

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Medical paradigm social paradigm society person dichotomy person as focus environment as focus

Medical Paradigm

Social Paradigm

Society-Person Dichotomy

Person as Focus

Environment as Focus

Cathy Chambless, Utah State University


Medical paradigm

Medical paradigm

  • Defines disability as pathological medical condition

    • Primary obstacle to person’s social integration

    • Originates in bodies of individuals

  • Focus of problem is on the person

  • Fails to recognize socially created factors that limit person’s capacity to perform certain roles

Cathy Chambless, Utah State University


Social paradigm

Social paradigm

  • Defines disability as society’s response to persons who “look or function in nonstandard ways.”

  • Focus is on environment

  • Difficulties in social, vocational functioning are created by

    • Devaluation

    • discrimination

Cathy Chambless, Utah State University


Society person dichotomy

Society-Person Dichotomy

  • Is disability intrinsic to the person?

  • Or is it a socially created problem?

  • Are these paradigms mutually exclusive?

  • Can you hold both of these views at the same time?

Cathy Chambless, Utah State University


In rehabilitation counseling

In Rehabilitation Counseling

  • This course will use both conceptualizations of disability

  • Internal characteristics of individuals

    • Physical

    • mental

  • External, socially constructed barriers

    • Architectural

    • Socioeconomic

    • policy

Cathy Chambless, Utah State University


Review dichotomous view of disability

Review: Dichotomous view of disability

  • Dichotomy – division into two parts or kinds; division into two exclusive, opposed or contradictory groups (e.g., thought and action, body and mind)

  • Person vs. the Environment

  • “Fix” the person or “fix” the environment??

Cathy Chambless, Utah State University


Person as focus

Characteristics of the person with disability

Personality

Skills

Education level

Experience

Life

Work

Disability

Examples of Interventions

Counseling

Insight

Affective adjustment

Skills training

Teaching new behaviors

Basic education

Reading, writing

Work experience

Person as focus

Cathy Chambless, Utah State University


Environment as the focus

Characteristics of the environment

Architectural barriers

Communication barriers

Modes of expression

technology

Programmatic barriers

Entrance requirements

Performance reqrmnts

Examples of Interventions

Building modifications, e.g., ramps, wider aisles

Large print, Braille, sign language interpreters

Change procedures, e.g., testing requirements

Environment as the focus

Cathy Chambless, Utah State University


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