Chapter 4 The Components of the System Unit

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Chapter 4 Objectives. Describe the components in the system unit. Explain how the CPU uses the four steps of a machine cycle to process data. Compare and contrast various personal computer processors on the market today. Define a bit and describe how a series of bits represents data. Differentiate

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Chapter 4 The Components of the System Unit

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1. Chapter 4 The Components of the System Unit

2. Chapter 4 Objectives

3. The System Unit Box-like case that houses the electronic components of the computer used to process data All computers have a system unit Sometimes called the chassis

4. The System Unit

5. The System Unit What is the motherboard?

6. The System Unit What electronic components are found on the motherboard?

7. The System Unit What chip packages are available?

8. Central Processing Unit What is the central processing unit (CPU)?

9. Central Processing Unit What are the components of the central processing unit (CPU )?

10. Central Processing Unit What is the control unit?

11. Central Processing Unit What is a machine cycle?

12. Central Processing Unit What is a machine cycle?

13. Central Processing Unit How is the speed of the CPU measured?

14. Central Processing Unit What are two designs used for the CPU?

15. What is the arithmetic/logic unit (ALU)? Central Processing Unit

16. What is the arithmetic/logic unit (ALU)? Central Processing Unit

17. Central Processing Unit What is pipelining?

18. What is a register? Central Processing Unit

19. Central Processing Unit What is the system clock?

20. What is a personal computer processor? Central Processing Unit

21. Central Processing Unit Who are the personal computer processor manufacturers?

22. Central Processing Unit How do personal computer processors compare?

23. Company on the Cutting Edge

24. Company on the Cutting Edge

25. Central Processing Unit How are processors upgraded?

26. How do you install a processor? Central Processing Unit

27. Central Processing Unit How do heat sinks and heat pipes protect the processor?

28. Central Processing Unit What is a coprocessor?

29. Central Processing Unit What is parallel processing?

30. Technology Trailblazer Andy Grove

31. Data Representation How do computers represent data?

32. Data Representation What is the binary system?

33. Data Representation What is a byte?

34. Data Representation What are two popular coding systems to represent data?

35. Data Representation How is a character sent from the keyboard to the computer?

36. Technology Trailblazer Gordon Moore

37. Memory What is memory?

38. Memory Bytes are the basic storage unit in memory Each byte is stored at a specific location in memory called an address

39. Memory How is memory measured?

40. Memory What are the two types of memory in the system unit?

41. Memory What is random access memory (RAM)?

42. Memory How are applications transferred in and out of RAM?

43. Memory What are the two basic types of RAM chips?

44. Memory What is a memory module?

45. Memory What is a memory module?

46. Memory How much RAM is needed?

47. Memory How much RAM is needed?

48. Memory What is memory cache?

49. Memory What are the three types of cache?

50. Memory What is read-only memory (ROM)?

51. Memory What are types of ROM?

52. Memory What is flash memory?

53. Memory What is CMOS?

54. Memory What is memory access time?

55. Expansion Slots and Expansion Cards What is an expansion slot?

56. Expansion Slots and Expansion Cards What are the uses of expansion cards?

57. Expansion Slots and Expansion Cards What are four common types of expansion cards?

58. Expansion Slots and Expansion Cards What is Plug and Play?

59. Expansion Slots and Expansion Cards What is a PC card?

60. Expansion Slots and Expansion Cards What are the three types of PC Cards?

61. Expansion Slots and Expansion Cards What is a flash memory card?

62. Ports What is a port?

63. Ports What is a connector?

64. Ports What are the different types of connectors?

65. Ports What is a serial port?

66. Ports What is a parallel port?

67. Ports What is a universal serial bus port (USB)?

68. Ports How are multiple USB devices connected?

69. Ports What are other special-purpose ports?

70. Buses What is a bus?

71. Buses What are the two basic types of buses?

72. Buses What are the types of expansion buses?

73. Bays What is a bay?

74. Power Supply What is a power supply?

75. Mobile Computers What is a mobile computer?

76. Mobile Computers What is inside a mobile computer?

77. Mobile Computers What ports are on a notebook computer?

78. Mobile Computers How is data transferred from a handheld computer?

79. Putting It All Together What are suggested processor, clock speed, and RAM requirements based on the needs of various types of users?

80. Summary of the Components of the System Unit The system unit Central processing unit Data representation Memory Expansion slots and expansion cards Ports, buses, bays Power supply Mobile computers

81. Chapter 4 Complete

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