新概念英语教学课件. BOOK 3 Lesson One A Puma At Arge. 11.sth be in/under the possession of sb. Sth belong to sb. Sb be in/under possession of sth. Sb own sth. 这房子是我叔叔拥有的。. This house is in the possession of my uncle. My uncle is in possession of the house.
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A Puma At Arge
Sth belong to sb
Sb be in/under possession of sth
Sb own sth.
This house is in the possession of my uncle.
My uncle is in possession of the house
7.Why did they begin to hunt at
that particular place?
8.Did the puma attack human being?
9.Why were the experts finally
convinced that animal was a puma?
10.Did they know where it was from?
11.Why did the experts believe the
puma must have belonged to a
B large cat 关键性用词
4.make----make sb. do, be made to do
把say改成claim---People claimed to have seen the puma.
结构形式和as soon as 相一致的
如果用主动： On observing her, it immediately ran away.
On seeing me, he waved to me.
原句中unles----if…not / except on the condition thatwhen=if
except可以和名词/名词性从句进行搭配，也可以是when / if 引导的从句形式。
8． D must be 只是对客观现实的推测，时态不一致 情态动词表达推测的语意概念时，对于过去事实推测一定要用于情态动词have以及过去分词形式进行搭配。
9 C no more than = only within = not more than
10 B .in a corner 表示处于困境、尴尬的境地 in a trap 表示落于陷阱中 at an angle 表示弯曲的、不直的
11 fishes for pleasure 钓鱼为了游玩 12、A .on his own = alone C选项是秘密的，D选项是不为总人所知的。不符合语义。Lesson one 课后习题
used to come by train?
he used not to come by train?（主要用在文字里）
he usedn’t to come by train?
he didn’t use to come by train?
1. be used to do sth
(=be employed to do sth)被用来做…
the basin is used to bathe.这个盆子是用来洗澡的。
2. be used to do sth.
(=be accustomed to doing)习惯于…
he has been used to getting up early.他已经习惯用于早起了。
Used he not to come by train?(主要用在文字里）
Usedn’t he to come by train?
Didn’t he use to come by train?
例如:It’s Lucy who solved the problem.
It’s on the Thursday that I have class for you .
eventually = in the end （eventually adv.最后, 终于）
be seen = in sight
with a pen = in ink / with a pencil = in pencil
which they share = in common （share v.共享）
crying = in tears
Multiple choice questions 多项选择
in order adv.整齐, 状况良好, 适宜
out of order adv.次序颠倒, 不整齐, 状态不好 （= was damaged）
为…表示感谢：be grateful for… / be thankful for…
不辞辛劳地做某事：take the trouble to do sth.
4... B in the past 是过去时态的标志；always用在实意动词之前
5... D stroke n.击, 敲, 报时的钟声
强调句式结构：It was not until...that... — 直到…才…
-- It was not until midnight that snow stopped. — 直到半夜, 雪才停了。
6... B 宾语从句的语序是陈述句语序
7... C Mend vt.修理, 修补
8... A get used to doing 表示习惯于 （to是介词）
fund基金； cash现金； scholarship奖学金； investment投资
10... A run a shop 经营商店
11... A night after night = every night
still 1>adv.仍, 仍然, 还
-- He came yesterday and he is still here. 他昨天来的，现仍在此。
still 2>adv.(连接副词) 尽管如此, 依旧, 仍然（表达一种坚持的态度）
相当于in spite of that, even though, just the same）
-- It's raining；Still, I must go out.
-- This picture is not too valuable；Still, I like it.
Yet conj.但是, 然而（表示一种转折的关系）
-- I have failed, yet I shall try again.Exercise：
How did the archaologists know that tstatue was a goddess?How did the archaologists know that tstatue was a goddess?
Some time ago, an interesting discovery was made by archaeologists on the Aegean island of Kea.
some time 1>经过若干时间 2>在未来的某时
sometime adv.在某一时候, 曾经, 有一天
sometimes adv.不时, 有时
中文习惯用主动语态。英文习惯用被动语态。以事件、结果、影响、效果为主语，强调对客观事实的陈述。Detail explainition of the Text 1
The city at one time must have been prosperous, for it enjoyed a high level of civilization.The city at one time must have been prosperous, for it enjoyed a high level of civilization.
The day broke for the birds were singing.
at one time 表达曾经, 一度（过去时态的标志, = once）
must have been 对过去事实肯定的推测
Houses often three storeys high -- were built of stone.They had large rooms with beautifully decorated walls.
a young man with broad shoulders
an old lady with black hair
beautifully decorated 过去分词做定语,被修饰词与修饰词之间为逻辑上的被动关系
a deserted car park 废弃的停车场
a white painted door 被刷成白色的门
-- a boy climbing the tree the students reading in the roomDetail explanation of the Text 3
The city was equipped with a drainage system, for a great many clay pipes were found The city was equipped with a drainage system, for a great many clay pipes were found
beneath the narrow streets.
be equipped with 配备, 装备 （equip vt.装备, 配备）
air conditioning 空气调节装置 / air conditioner 空气调节机, 空调设备
The car was equipped with air conditioning.
在正下方：Beneath = under
beneath the narrow streets
= under the narrow streets
He is standing under/beneath the umbrella.
-- under control 控制之中 / under discussion 讨论之中 / under repairs修理之中
She is sitting below the window
The temple which the archaeologists explored was used as a place of worship from the
fifteenth century B.C. until Roman times.Detail explanation of the Text 4
be used as / be used to be The city was equipped with a drainage system, for a great many clay pipes were found 把…用作为
The box was used as a desk in the small village school.
The wooden box was used as a bookcase.
be used to do 被用来做…
The wooden box is used to contain books
In the most sacred room of temple, clay fragments of fifteen statues were found.
Each of these represented a goddess and had, at one time, been painted.
I represent all the classmates.
The body of one statue was found among remains dating from the fifteenth century B.C.
dating 现在分词, 修饰remains
date from = date back to （开始于…, 起始于…）
The custom dating from 1990. （custom n.习惯, 风俗）
The tradition dates from the time when his grandfather was young.
The castle dates from the 14th century. = The castle dates back to the 14th century.
城堡建造于14世纪Detail explanation of the Text 5
Its missing head happened to be among remains of the fifth century B.C.Its missing head happened to be among remains of the fifth century B.C.
happen to 偶然, 碰巧（强调事情的偶然发生）
I happen to have driven that kind of car. 我恰巧开过那种车。
He happened to find the ticket in his pocket.
It happens that +从句
It happened that I met her on my way to work.
=I happened to meet her on my way work.
happen on 碰巧碰上I happened on this old picture in the back of thedrawer.
Guess, who did I happen on while I was in London last month?Detail explanation of the Text 6
This head must have been found in Classical times and carefully preserved.This head must have been found in Classical times and carefully preserved.
It was very old and precious even then.
When the archaeologists reconstructed the fragments, they were amazed to find that the
goddess turned out to be a very modern-looking woman.
Reconstruct = put together, piece together, restore（vt.恢复, 使回复）
Amazed = very much surprised
surprised > astonished > amazed > astounded感到惊讶（语气递增）
to find... / to discover... / to realize... / to see…
I'm not surprised to see you here
1> turn out…（表示结果）结果是, 原来是 （= prove, 都表示系动词）
turn out (to be)+ n/adj.
The concert turned out to be a failure.
Our party turned out (to be) a success. 我们的聚会非常的成功。Detail explanation of the Text 7
2> It turned out + thatThis head must have been found in Classical times and carefully preserved.从句 （it作形式主语）
It turned out +其它名词从句
It turned out that the diamonds had been in the bank all the time.
It turned out that his statement was false. 原来他的话是假的。
3> as it turns out… 后来人们发现…
As it turned out, there was no need to worry. 后来人们发现, 没有必要担心。
As it turned out, the report was mistaken. 后来人们发现, 报告被弄错了
She stood three feet high and her hands rested on her hips.
rest on v.被搁在, 停留在, 信赖
= depend on（依靠, 依赖）/ lean on（靠着）Detail explanation of the Text 8
But, so far,the archaeologists have been unable to discover her identity.
Multiple choice questions This head must have been found in Classical times and carefully preserved.多项选择
'Its missing head happened to be among remains of the fifth century B.C.'
2... D be employed in 被应用在...方面
this is confirmed by the fact that 引导同位语从句，补充说明fact的内容
3... A in doing sth 在...方面
4... D prosperity n.繁荣（不可数）
know 1>知道, 认识
2>（文学用语）经历过, 曾经有过（= experience, 比experience更加正式）
-- He knew poverty in his early days. 他早年有过痛苦的经历
5... B since：自从 （主干的时态为现在完成时）
to one's surprise 使某人感到惊讶的是
-- To my great disappointment the train had already left
with surprise 惊讶地 （With satisfaction/delight/dismay）
-- He smoked his last cigarette with satisfaction.
-- He went home with dismay.
-- To our dismay the party proved to be a failure.
7... B despite = in spite of (可以和名词、代词、动名词搭配)Exercise（—）
8… B so farThis head must have been found in Classical times and carefully preserved.：现在完成时的标志
So far,it has been impossible for the
archaeologists to discover her identity.
9... A Holy adj. 神圣的, 圣洁的
religious宗教的 / frightening令人害怕的 / colourful丰富多彩的
10... D in good condition情况良好 = in good state
well done 侧重强调做得好
conserve vt.保存, 保藏 （= keep from being wasted, damaged, lost, destroyed）
Conserve your energy you needed. （energy n.精力, 精神）
We must conserve our forest.
maintain vt.维持, 维修 -- 通过修缮保养, 不使...破损（强调动作的过程）
11... B turn out = prove, 都表示系动词
resolve vt,vi决定 vt.(使)分解, 溶解
-- He resolved on going out. 他决定出去。
so far = until now, up till now
beforehand (adv.预先) = in advance (adv.预先)
at this distance of/in time 时隔已久
-- I can hardly remember him at this distance of time. 时隔这么久, 我几乎想不起来他了。Exercise（二）