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GSBUG Hardware Info SIG. January 9, 2003. GSBUG Hardware Info SIG. Agenda – January 9, 2003 7:00 – 7:05 Administration 7:05 – 8:15 Featured Topic – Your New System: Installing the Balance of Your Components (alias Assembly – Part 2) 8:15 – 8:30 Hardware News 8:30 – 8:55 Random Access (Q&A)

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Gsbug hardware info sig

GSBUG Hardware Info SIG

January 9, 2003


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GSBUG Hardware Info SIG

  • Agenda – January 9, 2003

    • 7:00 – 7:05 Administration

    • 7:05 – 8:15 Featured Topic – Your New System: Installing the Balance of Your Components (alias Assembly – Part 2)

    • 8:15 – 8:30 Hardware News

    • 8:30 – 8:55 Random Access (Q&A)

    • 8:55 – 9:00 Recap, Preview, and Close


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GSBUG Hardware Info SIG

  • Administration

    • Welcome! Please Sign In.

    • What the SIG is…and is not.

      • Is – an information resource for computer users and potential computer users

      • Is NOT – a way to get your computer built or repaired (contact the GSBUG Daytime Hardware SIG)

    • Log – Random Access/Q&A (First Come…)


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GSBUG Hardware Info SIG

  • Administration (continued):

    • Presentation materials will be posted at:

      http://gsbug.apcug.org/hwinfosig.htm

    • Prior presentation materials are also posted.


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GSBUG Hardware Info SIG

  • Your New System: Setting Up/Installing – Part 2

    • Givens (from the last meeting) – you:

      • Set up your motherboard and installed your CPU and RAM.

      • Installed the assembled motherboard into your chassis.

      • Successfully performed an initial system test.


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GSBUG Hardware Info SIG

  • Your New System: Setting Up…Part 2 (cont.)

    • The Process

      • Assemble and review the component docs (balance)

      • Install the “floppy” and hard drives

      • Install other externally-accessible drives

      • Install the power supply

      • Attach power and data cables

      • Install I/O cables/brackets


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GSBUG Hardware Info SIG

  • Your New System: Setting Up…Part 2 (cont.)

    • The Process (continued)

      • Install adapter cards

      • Perform a system-level test

      • Set up your BIOS (baseline).


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GSBUG Hardware Info SIG

  • Your New System: Setting Up…Part 2 (cont.)

    • Assemble and Review the Component Docs

      • As applicable, check docs for master/slave settings

      • As applicable, check docs for power, data, audio, and other I/O connections.


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GSBUG Hardware Info SIG

  • Your New System: Setting Up…Part 2 (cont.)

    • Install the”Floppy” and Hard Drives

      • If not already removed, remove the floppy and hard drive “cage(s)” from the chassis

      • Remove the “cover” for the floppy drive from the chassis’ front bezel – pops out towards the front

      • Eyeball the “to-be” location of the cage and floppy in the chassis and temporarily install the floppy in it’s cage (4 small, fine thread screws) – the eject button should be towards the “bottom” of the chassis

      • Position the cage in the chassis and check for “fit”


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GSBUG Hardware Info SIG

  • Your New System: Setting Up…Part 2 (cont.)

    • Install the”Floppy” and Hard Drives (continued)

      • Remove the cage and, if applicable, reposition the floppy in the cage; secure with 4 screws

      • If applicable, set the booting hard drive as “master” – or leave at CS (cable select) if pre-set by the manufacturer

      • Install the hard drive in its cage (4 short, coarse thread screws) – the power and data cable connectors towards the rear (and typically on the “bottom” side of the drive)

      • Install the cage in the chassis; secure it.


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GSBUG Hardware Info SIG

  • Your New System: Setting Up…Part 2 (cont.)

    • Install Other Externally-Accessible Drives

      • Remove the “cover(s)” for the drive(s) from the chassis’ front bezel – pop out towards the front.

      • Since there can be only one master and one slave drive attached to the cable, check for master/slave drive settings; change as required – set the noticeably slower drive as the slave.


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GSBUG Hardware Info SIG

  • Your New System: Setting Up…Part 2 (cont.)

    • Install Other Externally-Accessible Drives (cont.)

      • Note that the data cable has a “long” and a “short” end – established by the relative position of the center connector. The drives attach at the short end with the pin-one stripe “keyed” towards the drive’s power socket.

      • Note the data cable’s pin-one stripe location in relation to the “to-be” location of the drives in the chassis; adjust the “stack” such that the master drive is at the end of the cable. See next point…


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GSBUG Hardware Info SIG

  • Your New System: Setting Up…Part 2 (cont.)

    • Install Other Externally-Accessible Drives (cont.)

      • Sometimes the master drive will be on the bottom and the cable will go up, flop back over after attaching to the slave drive, and then drop down to the motherboard. Sometimes the master drive will be on the top and the cable will just drop down, connect to the slave drive, and then drop down to the motherboard. All cable dependant.

      • Watch the lateral positioning of the drive in the chassis so drives don’t recede from or overhang the front bezel.

      • Secure the drive(s) in the chassis – 4 small, fine thread screws for each drive.


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GSBUG Hardware Info SIG

  • Your New System: Setting Up…Part 2 (cont.)

    • Install the Power Supply

      • Note the required orientation of the power supply in the chassis – the rear screw holes in the power supply need to match up with the corresponding openings in the chassis.

      • Check for a protruding flange on one edge of the power supply. If present, the flange may need to slide into a channel inside the chassis. Orient the power supply such that the flange is aligned with the channel.


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GSBUG Hardware Info SIG

  • Your New System: Setting Up…Part 2 (cont.)

    • Install the Power Supply (continued)

      • Hold the cables out of the way and lower the power supply into the chassis; as appropriate, slide the flange into the channel. Angle the “top” of the power supply slightly towards the motherboard and then ease the power supply into place.

      • Secure the power supply, as applicable, with 4-5 large, coarse thread screws.

      • If the power supply has a switch, turn it OFF.

      • The voltage setting should be 110 or 115.

      • Leave the power supply unplugged.


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GSBUG Hardware Info SIG

  • Your New System: Setting Up…Part 2 (cont.)

    • Attach Power and Data Cables

      • If present, connect the power supply fan monitoring cable to the “pwr fan” socket (header) on the motherboard; note keying.

      • Connect the floppy drive data cable – “non-split” end at the motherboard and the “split” end at the drive; make sure BOTH rows of the floppy header are engaged. Ensure both connectors are fully seated.


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GSBUG Hardware Info SIG

  • Your New System: Setting Up…Part 2 (cont.)

    • Attach Power and Data Cables (continued)

      • Connect the hard drive data cable – long end at the motherboard and the short end at the drive; watch the connector keying (pin-one identification at the motherboard and pin-one stripe at the drive end – placed nearest to the drive’s power connector). Ensure both connectors are fully seated.


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GSBUG Hardware Info SIG

  • Your New System: Setting Up…Part 2 (cont.)

    • Attach Power and Data Cables (continued)

      • Connect the data cables for the other drives – long end at the motherboard and the short end at the drives; watch master/slave and the connector keying (pin-one identification at the motherboard and pin-one stripe at the drive end – placed nearest to the drive’s power connector). Ensure all connectors are fully seated.


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GSBUG Hardware Info SIG

  • Your New System: Setting Up…Part 2 (cont.)

    • Attach Power and Data Cables (continued)

      • Note the keying of the power supply’s power connectors and the keying of the motherboard and drive sockets.

      • Connect the main power cable to the motherboard – watch the keying; make sure the cable is fully seated.

      • Depending on your motherboard, you may also need to connect a second power cable to the motherboard –

        • Pentium 4 motherboards have a 2x2 (4-pin) connector socket.

        • Dual processor motherboards may have a 2x4 (8-pin) connector socket.

        • All such connectors are keyed (side clip).


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GSBUG Hardware Info SIG

  • Your New System: Setting Up…Part 2 (cont.)

    • Attach Power and Data Cables (continued)

      • Connect the floppy power cable to the floppy drive – note the power connector keying such that the connector’s two “legs” straddle the flat plastic portion of the drive socket (header). Ensure the connector is fully seated.

      • Connect power cables to the other drives – note the power connector keying and the drive connector socket keying (two beveled edges). Ensure each connector is fully seated.


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GSBUG Hardware Info SIG

  • Your New System: Setting Up…Part 2 (cont.)

    • Install I/O Cables/Brackets

      • Many current motherboards include cables and brackets to provide additional I/O functionality – USB 2.0, IEEE-1394 (FireWire), and audio. If present – and desired – the cables need to be connected to the associated motherboard header/socket, the cable routed to a rear “card slot” bracket opening, and the bracket secured.

      • Watch for connector keying at the motherboard.


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GSBUG Hardware Info SIG

  • Your New System: Setting Up…Part 2 (cont.)

    • Install I/O Cables/Brackets (continued)

      • Note that you may need to enable the particular feature in the BIOS or by jumper.

      • Note that you may NOT have enough motherboard headers to support FRONT I/O connections (to FRONT chassis locations) and support all rear I/O ports. If you do not connect all the cables for a rear bracket (at the motherboard), consider taping over the non-functional ports – at the bracket.


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GSBUG Hardware Info SIG

  • Your New System: Setting Up…Part 2 (cont.)

    • Install Adapter Cards

      • As applicable, install your AGP video card – make sure it is full seated and that the retention mechanism is fully engaged. Secure with 1 large, coarse thread screw.

      • As applicable, install other adapter cards – make sure each is full seated. Secure each with 1 large, coarse thread screw.

      • If possible, do NOT install an adapter card in the PCI slot next to the AGP slot – possible IRQ conflict.


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GSBUG Hardware Info SIG

  • Your New System: Setting Up…Part 2 (cont.)

    • Install Adapter Cards (continued)

      • If you fill all or almost all of the available adapter card slots you MAY have IRQ conflicts. Check the docs that came with the cards to see if there are any applicable “Troubleshooting” instructions – or start swapping card locations – and/or try to reserve PCI slots in the BIOS. Good Luck! [The best plan may be to pull a card at a time (lowest-priority-first sequence) until the problem “goes away”. Consider doing without that card.]


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GSBUG Hardware Info SIG

  • Your New System: Setting Up…Part 2 (cont.)

    • Perform a System-Level Test

      • Attach your keyboard and mouse – note motherboard connector location and connector keying. [IF PS/2 devices, “mouse sits on the keyboard.”] If “wireless” device(s), connect the receiver to the system, add batteries to the device(s), and “sync up” the device(s) and the receiver (see docs).

      • Connect your system to your monitor and power on the monitor.


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GSBUG Hardware Info SIG

  • Your New System: Setting Up…Part 2 (cont.)

    • Perform a System-Level Test (continued)

      • Connect the power supply to a grounded power outlet via a good surge suppressor; turn on the surge suppressor, and, as applicable, turn on the power supply.


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GSBUG Hardware Info SIG

  • Your New System: Setting Up…Part 2 (cont.)

    • Perform a System-Level Test (continued)

      • Push the chassis “power-on” button – the system “should” start up. If not, check to see if the power supply fan is spinning – if not, the power supply is NOW bad, the surge suppressor is not turned on or is NOW defective, you NOW have a bad power cable between the system and the surge suppressor, or you have no power at the wall. [Just in case, check that you didn’t dislodge the power on/off switch cable at the motherboard.]


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GSBUG Hardware Info SIG

  • Your New System: Setting Up…Part 2 (cont.)

    • Perform a System-Level Test (continued)

      • Listen for “Beep Codes” – 1 beep = AOK; 3 = video; other number = RAM. Remove power, remove/reseat affected component (combos), add power, and retry.

      • If the power supply fan is spinning but the system is not starting (and no beep codes), turn OFF the power and unplug the system from the surge suppressor.

      • Remove and reinstall the video card. Make ABSOLUTELY sure the video card is fully seated. Reconnect power and try powering on again.


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GSBUG Hardware Info SIG

  • Your New System: Setting Up…Part 2 (cont.)

    • Perform a System-Level Test (continued)

      • If no help (system is still not starting up), then, in the following sequence, disconnect/remove components from the system until the unit starts up. Each time – power down, remove power, remove or disconnect the component, reattach power, and retry powering on the system. Debug from there.

        • System RAM (also - depopulate, swap slots, try known good)

        • ALL the non-video adapter cards (all cards except the AGP card) – if this works, add back one at a time.


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GSBUG Hardware Info SIG

  • Your New System: Setting Up…Part 2 (cont.)

    • Perform a System-Level Test (continued)

      • Once the system starts up, check chassis power-on and hard drive activity lights – if needed, attach or correctly attach those leads to the motherboard.

      • Check that the floppy drive power-on light comes on and then goes back off. If it doesn’t go off, the data cable connection is wrong (power down and fix).

      • As the system starts up, as applicable, hit the “Del” or “F2” key to enter the BIOS.


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GSBUG Hardware Info SIG

  • Your New System: Setting Up…Part 2 (cont.)

    • Perform a System-Level Test (continued)

      • If you are able to enter the BIOS your system-level test was at least partially successful – at least the motherboard, CPU and RAM are functional.

      • Exit the BIOS and allow the system to boot further. Watch for device enumeration – hard drive, floppy, and other drives. If there are any error messages, write them down. The system should halt when it finds no OS or no bootable drive.


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GSBUG Hardware Info SIG

  • Your New System: Setting Up…Part 2 (cont.)

    • Set Up Your BIOS

      • Reboot the system and go into the BIOS.

      • IF you have the booting hard drive attached to a secondary controller (RAID or SATA), select that controller for first boot – also, as applicable, set to “ATA” or “RAID” elsewhere in the BIOS (screen varies).

      • Enable or disable devices that will or will not be used, respectively.


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GSBUG Hardware Info SIG

  • Your New System: Setting Up…Part 2 (cont.)

    • Set Up Your BIOS (continued)

      • Do NOT enable “Turbo”, “Top Performance” or similarly named “options”.

      • If in doubt, do nothing or, if identifiable, set options to “default” – see motherboard manual.

      • Save your changes and exit.

      • Reboot to confirm BIOS changes did not have a negative effect. If OK, stop. If not, back out the BIOS changes one at a time.


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GSBUG Hardware Info SIG

  • Your New System: Setting Up…Part 2 (cont.)

    • You’re now ready for next month (final meeting in this series) – Your New System: Installing Your OS and Device Drivers; Functional Testing.


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GSBUG Hardware Info SIG

  • Hardware News

    • Processors – nothing new

    • Core Logic (chipsets)

      • SiS announced the SiS 746FX Northbridge for AMD-based systems – basically adds a 333MHz FSB and DDR400 support to the SiS 746.

      • SiS acquired an HTT license from Intel.

      • SiS announced the SiS 655 Northbridge for Pentium 4-based systems – 533MHz FSB, AGP 8X; dual-channel DDR333; HT support (B stepping).

    • System RAM – nothing new


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GSBUG Hardware Info SIG

  • Hardware News (continued)

    • Motherboards

      • Intel announced the Intel “Server Board” SE7505VB2 – Placer (E7505)-based; dual 533MHz FSB Xeon processor support; AGP-8X and AGP Pro 50; support up to PCI-X; SATA RAID; 1 x 10/100 and 1 x 10/100/1000 NICs; up to 8GB DDR266. Primarily for workstations.

    • Graphics Processors & Cards

      • ATI released the RADEON 9100 chip (no cards) – R200-based, 250MHz core, APG 4X


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GSBUG Hardware Info SIG

  • Hardware News (continued)

    • Graphics Processors & Cards (continued)

      • VIA/S3 announced the DeltaChrome display core – 300MHz core & memory interface ; 2.4G pixel/sec fill rate; DX9 (AGP 8X?); includes HDTV encoder; low price niche.

    • Hard Drives

      • IBM/Hitachi deal closed, new company is Hitachi Global Storage Technologies; all HDD lines are now Hitachi.

      • Hitachi announced the Ultrastar 15K73 series – 15K rpm; up to 73GB; Ultra320 or 2Gb FCAL interface; max internal transfer rate of 960Mb/sec (fastest in the world); 77.2MB/sec sustained external transfer.


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GSBUG Hardware Info SIG

  • Hardware News (continued)

    • Hard Drives (continued)

      • Hitachi announced a 4GB Microdrive (Fall 2003).

    • Hard Drive Controllers

      • Intel announced the SRCS14L for workstations – SATA RAID, 4 port, PCI 64/66, 64MB cache.

    • Other Drives

      • Teac announced a 52x24x52 CD-RW and a 4X DVD-R/-RW, both ATAPI.


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GSBUG Hardware Info SIG

  • Hardware News (continued)

    • Sound processors & cards – nothing new

    • Modems & NICs – nothing new

    • Chassis & power supplies – nothing new



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GSBUG Hardware Info SIG

  • Recap, Preview, and Close

    • Recap

    • Preview

      • Featured Topic for February 13, 2003 – Your New System: Installing Your OS and Device Drivers; Functional Testing.

    • Close (please police up the area)


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