1.4 . sub theme: youth and vulnerability. PRESENTATION BY DR SIMON. M KANG’ETHE SENIOR LECTURER UNIVERSITY OF FORT HARE SOUTH AFRICA Title: Is youth empowerment in Africa feasible or fallacious ? Lost and available opportunities for their empowerment in selected African countries.
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PRESENTATION BY DR SIMON. M KANG’ETHE
UNIVERSITY OF FORT HARE
Title: Is youth empowerment in Africa feasible or fallacious? Lost and available opportunities for their empowerment in selected African countries.
Teenagers /Children used in wars
education is LOST
Declaration from 2003 UN general assembly on drugs
“drugs destroy lives and communities, undermine sustainable human development and generate crime.
Drugs affect all sectors of society in all countries; in particular, drug abuse affects the freedom and development of young people, the world’s most valuable asset.
Drugs are a grave threat to the health and wellbeing of all mankind, the independence of states, democracy, the stability of nations, the structure of all societies, and the dignity of millions of people and their families” (General assembly, 2003)
Among learners in a high school survey conducted in 2002,
Use of illegal drugs among the youth is also on the increase.
The drugs commonly abused are
Drugs abused includes:
Youth AIDS statistics in Africa
Age group 2006 2007 2008 2009 2010
Year 2001 2002 2003 2005 2006 2007 2009
15-19 24.7 21 22.8 18.1 17.5 17.2 13.2 15-24 35.1 31.6 32.5 26.1 25 24.6 20.8 20-24 38.7 37.4 38.6 31.2 29.4 27.9 24.1 25-29 48.4 50 49.7 44.5 42.8 39.7 36.2
Botswana Sentinel Surveillance, 2001-2009 (Government of Botswana, 2009).
(Government of Kenya, 2011)
Their physical strength and COGNITIVE potential
Strengthening policies for free education in both primary and secondary levels
Govt/ donors to support NGO Programmes such as Social Entrepreneurship 101 (SE 101) IN KENYA that trains Nairobi slum dwellers in proposal writing and business skills. (UN-(Habitat, 2002).
Political goodwill to stifle supply sources of drugs.
Government and bodies fighting against drug abuse should invest in illicit drug demand reduction programs.
Adults to treat the youths as responsible human beings