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The French in America. The French settled in what was called “ New France ” -Established a large trading empire -Traded many beaver pelts and hides for fashion industry of Europe -Trade depended on the natives—good relationship Furs for guns. Settlements:.

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The french in america

The French in America

The French settled in what was called “New France”

-Established a large trading empire

-Traded many beaver pelts and hides for fashion industry of Europe

-Trade depended on the natives—good relationship

Furs for guns


Settlements
Settlements:

  • New Orleans would thrive as a French settlement because of its location at the mouth of Mississippi River as it emptied into the Gulf of Mexico

  • French settlements grew very slowly because of the emphasis on trade, not agriculture


European indian alliances
European/Indian Alliances

  • France—Allied with the Huron and Algonquin Indians

  • England—Allied with the Iroquois Indians


The iroquois
The Iroquois

  • -The Iroquois Tribe or Iroquois Confederation banded together for military protection, creating a very powerful alliance

  • --Mohawk, Cayuga, Seneca, Oneida, Onondaga, Tuscarora


  • -When beaver pelts and hides began to run out, Huron and Iroquois tribes began to wander into each other’s land

  • -The Iroquois attacked the Huron threatening the French fur trading empire

  • -France waged war on the Iroquois, drawing in the English

  • -This war would eventually be called the French and Indian War


The frontier
The Frontier Iroquois tribes began to wander into each other’s land

  • -This was a very hostile and unstable area in and around the Appalachian Mountains

  • -France is alarmed that many English settlers are coming here and therefore sponsor Indian attacks on them


Reading notes questions
Reading/Notes Questions Iroquois tribes began to wander into each other’s land

  • For what reason(s) were the French in America?

  • Why was the city of New Orleans so important?

  • Give several reasons why the Europeans and Natives were fighting each other.

  • What tribes are friends of the French? What tribes are friends with the English?

  • Who should win in a war between the English and the French? Why do you think so?


Albany plan of union
Albany Plan of Union Iroquois tribes began to wander into each other’s land

  • Meeting called in 1754 to discuss the boundaries between France and England

  • Benjamin Franklin of Pennsylvania urged the colonists to join together and to appoint a council to represent the colonies

  • This council would decide over war and peace with the natives

  • Called the council the Albany Plan of Union

  • This was rejected because of the colonists’ fear of a strong central government


End of the french and indian war
End of the French and Indian War Iroquois tribes began to wander into each other’s land


After braddock s defeat
After Braddock’s Defeat Iroquois tribes began to wander into each other’s land

  • William Pitt becomes new finance minister of England

    • New Goals

      • Win war at all costs

      • Seize Fort Duquesne

      • Capture Quebec—capitol of New France

      • Push French out of major forts


William pitt
William Pitt Iroquois tribes began to wander into each other’s land

  • Was he successful?

    • Yes

      • Duquesne is captured

      • Quebec is captured

      • French are kicked out of forts

      • War is won by the English

      • Treaty is signed


The treaty of paris 1763
The Treaty of Paris, 1763 Iroquois tribes began to wander into each other’s land

  • France and England end fighting

  • France gives up on its colony, leaves North America!!

  • Britain controls all land East of Mississippi

  • Spain gives Florida to England, takes all land west of the Mississippi


War is won but
War is won, but…. Iroquois tribes began to wander into each other’s land

1. England is now in tremendous debt

  • Natives on the frontier not happy that England is now there

    --Pontiac’s Rebellions

  • Proclamation of 1763—England passes a law that English settlers cannot settle west of the Appalachian mountains!!

    -angers the colonists


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